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Canadian Rail 482 2001

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Canadian Rail 482 2001

On June 16 the CPR opened its new Agincourt yard
near Toronto.
The CNR started its
Champlain train. This used
equipment from the former Reading Crusader.
The great Slave Lake Railway was under
construction to Hay River and Pine Point. In 1964
construction crossed the 60
parallel making this the first
in the present day North West Territories.
The CNR offered the Canrailpass for the first time.
This pass, offering unlimited travel
for a given period of
time, is still in use by VIA.
Barrington station on January 16, 1965, soon after it arrived
at the Canadian Railway Museum.
In January the 1885 Barrington station was moved
from its
former location, at the junction of the old Canada
Atlantic and the Montreal and New York,
to the Canadian
Railway Museum.
The Great Slave Lake railway opened
to Hay River
and Pine Point. Although the Pine Point extension has been
abandoned, the line still goes
to Hay River on the shores of
Great Slave Lake and is the farthest north railway directly
to the NOith American railway system.
After four years
of construction and preparation he
Canadian Railway
Museum opened to the General public.
Above and at the top of the next column are three views of
the last pool train at Windsor station on October 30, 1965.
Note the Chateau Champlain hotel under construction
the background. It opened late the following year.
The last CP -CN pool trains ran on October 30. The
pool arrangement had started in 1933, in the depths of the
depression, but
by 1965 conditions were very different and
the arrangement was outmoded. The day after the last run,
began the Rapido service between Montreal and
Toronto, while CP inaugurated the Royal York and
Chateau Champlain between the same cities.
December 23 the CNR took over the London
and Port Stanley Railway. The L&PS had operated under
that name since 1856, first as a steam railway and later, after
1914 as an electric interurban line.
On January 7, only hours after receiving government
permission, the
CPR discontinued its transcontinental train
Also in January, due to lack of patronage, CP
discontinued the Royal York and Chateau Champlain
after barely two months, leaving that run entirely to CN.
CPs fares were considerably higher than on the Rapidos
and, despite the more luxurious accommodation on the CP
trains, most passengers went CN.
On February 26 the Bloor Street subway opened in
. Toronto. This was Canadas second subway, and connected
with the original line at the corner
of Yonge and Bloor.
Some of the cars of the Expo Express, intended
for use at Montreals Expo 67 Worlds Fair, were displayed at
Windsor station. The Expo Express was used during the fair
and for a year
or two thereafter. The cars were then placed in
Unfortunately they never found a buyer, despite
their modern constluction, and after lying idle for more than
a quarter century they were
cut up for scrap in the 1990s.
August 1 the new Ottawa station was opened
replacing the 1912 Union Station downtown. An effort to
preserve the old one was successful, and this beautiful
building still stands, although far from any track. The new
is still in daily use by VIA and now a frequent bus
service connects it to
downtown Ottawa.
Between August 23 and September 3 a strike shut
down Canadas railway system. This recalled the great strike
of 1950, almost exactly sixteen years before.
As a school burns in the backg round, two visitors look at
the Montreal street cars on exhibition at Berri street on
October 14th
1966. By complete coincidence this was the
900th anniversary
of the Battle of Hastings.
In October, Montreals subway, the Metro, opened
using rubber tired electric cars.
This system has since been
greatly extended and more extensions are planned. To
commemorate the opening the CRHA loaned a number of
street cars from its collection for an exhibition near the Beni
Metro station.
This was the year of the centennial of Canadian
Confederation. To celebrate, a Worlds Fair, called Expo 67,
was held
in Montreal, and other centennial events were held
nationwide. Rail passenger traffic increased greatly, and both
major railways were up to capacity.
The CPR revived the old
Dominion for six months, calling it the Expo Limited.
CN leased many passenger cars from U.S. railways, including
some twin-unit diners, the first seen in Canada.
CPR Budd car 9068 about to depart from Quebec Citys
Palais station
for Sherbrooke on April 9, 1967, via the
Quebec Central. This service ended later that month.
A Centennial Train carrying exhibits relating to
Confederation, travelled from coast to coast during 1967.
in a special elaborate design, this train was eagerly
awaited by Canadians across the country.
78 MAI-JUIN 2001
British Railways centennial gift to the CRHA was the
beautiful A-4 Gresley Pacific locomotive Dominion of
Canada . Restoration work was paid for by the sugar
company Tate and Lyle. Here we see it about to be unloaded
from a ship at Montreal
on April 26, 1967. It arrived at the
Museum two days late
I; the same day Expo 67 opened.
On a more sombre note, Canadas popular Governor
General, Georges P. Vanier, died in March, and as his funeral
train passed, on March 8, thousands
of people watched with
CPR:~ Expo Limited on its first run, going west through
the mountains on May
3, 1967. It departed Montreal three
days before.
July 1, 1967, the actual 100th anniversary of
Confederation, the CRHA sponsored a steam excursion to
Ottawa and return. A highlight was a visit
to the National
of Science and Technology where one could see
this equipment from the Confederation era. Locomotive 40
was built
in 1872 while the car dated from 1859.
Two early GO transit cars photographed on July 14, 1968.
On May 23 GO Transit began operating out of
Toronto. After more than a third of a century GO has been
greatly expanded and now carried many thousands
of people
every day. It has also been the model for several other
corrunuter systems across North Amelica.
The CNR started a new train between Montreal and
Sydney N.S. Originally to have been called the Highlander,
it was changed to the Cabot in the interests
of bilingualism.
CPs new look was even applied to a few of the old
heavyweight cars. Sleeper Tracy, seen here on August 15,
1969, was
painted silver with the action red letterboard
complete with multimark.
On September 13 the CPR adopted a new look. The
beaver symbol disappeared, replaced by a strange device
called a multimark. The paint job of all equipment was
greatly changed,
as it came due to be painted, and even the
famous old initials CPR were replaced with the new
Rail. Today the multimark has long gone, and both the
beaver and the initials CPR have returned.
1968 saw the end of one of the most interesting series of
passenger cars ill Canada, CPs U class tourist cars. They
were old heavyweight cars sheathed with stainless steel
use on The Canadian . Retired in 1966, when the
Dominion was taken off, some were placed in storage.
This photo
was taken at De/son on June 22 1968 when the
of the group was on the way to Farnham for scrapping.
In the United States the two traditional railway
rivals, the New York Central and the Pennsylvania,
amalgamated as the Penn Central. Later the New Haven and
smaller lines joined Pc. This affected Canada since
the NYC had several lines north of the border. The Penn
Central eventually went broke in one of the biggest
bankruptcies ever in North America.
During 1968 the CPR closed its station at Port
Arthur, relying on the nearby one at Fort William. Two years
later both cities amalgamated to form the present day Thunder
The CNR inaugurated two new types of passenger
trains in 1968.
First came the Tempo trains in southern
Ontario, and then in December, after numerous delays, the

Turbo made its debut between Montreal and Toronto.
Unfortunately the Turbo suffered numerous troubles,
including several lengthy periods when it was withdrawn,
and never fully lived up
to its high expectations.
During this year the Canadian Locomotive
company in Kingston Ontario shut down after more than
110 years
of operation. Those wanting to know more about
this pioneering concern can purchase the new book
Constructed in Kingston, published by the CRHA.
May 2 Donald Gordon, President of the CNR
from 1950 to 1966, died in Montreal.
Two views of the Caribou in Newfoundland on October
8, 1968, some months before its demise. Note the ancient
wooden business car bringing
up the rem: There were several
postponements, but the end finally came on July
2, 1969.
In July the Caribou, more commonly known as
Newfie Bullet, made its last run, after 71 years of
service, between Port Aux Basques and St. Johns in Canadas
most easterly province.
The mother of all Budd car trains ran on the Montreal
commuter line on Christmas Eve
1969. This photo was taken
at Montreal
West on that day.
The first sod was turned for the Hays memorial
building at the Canadian Railway Museum. Named for former
Trunk President Charles M. Hays (1856-1912), the
building was donated by the daughters
of Mr. Hays, two of
whom were present for the sod turning.
On March 1 another big merger took place in the
United States when the
Burlington Northern was formed.
This also affected Canada since several former Great Northern
lines ran into Canada.
A new car identification
system, called ACI, was
coming into use. Machine readable labels were affixed to
all freight and passenger cars to aid in tracking car
movements. Unfortunately the system failed as the labels
could not be read accurately when dirty, as they often were.
CP double deckers at Windsor station on April 27, 1970.
At the end of April, CP Rail introduced nine double
decker commuter cars on the Montreal lakeshore run. These
were the first such cars in Canada and are still in use.
In 1970 CNs car ferry Lansdowne, built in 1886, was
retired, but the even
older steam ferry Huron (1875)
in service between Windsor and Detroit. We see it
here on August 15, 1970. Later converted to a barge, it
served until
1976, a total of 101 years.
80 MAI-JUIN 2001
On June II the International, an overnight train
between Toronto and Chicago via the St. Clair tunnel,
its last run. Later revived, as a day train, by Amtrak, this train
still runs, now using the new tunnel.
Effective August I a new rule came into effect
banning all freight cars more than 50 years old from
interchange traffic.
In the fall, the British locomotive Flying
Scotsman and its train made a tour of Canada.
On April 17 the last rail post office car in Canada,
running between Levis and Campbellton, made its final trip.
This ended an era that went back to the earliest days of
railroading in Canada.
Three views of the immediate pre-Amtrak New York –
Montreal passenger service.
Top shows a D&H PA with Erie­
829 at Glen Yard on April 19, 1971, middle is
a view of EL 820 being fuelled at Rouses Point on April 24,
while immediately above
is the last northbound Montreal
Limited arriving on the morning
of May 1, 1971, the day
Amtrak came into existence.
On May 1 Amtrak (originally to have been called
Railpax) took over most of the intercity passenger trains
in the
United States. About half the trains disappeared
including all the ones running into Canada. Several of these
trains to Canada were later reinstated and are still running.
The John Molson is unloaded at the Museum on August
3, 1971
In August the CRHAs steam locomotive John
Molson, based on an 1848 locomotive of the same name,
arrived at the
Canadian Railway Museum from Japan. This
engine is still in use, being operated on certain days in the
CP Rail tore down the old Mile End station which
had been unused since the Park Avenue facility was built in
On July 22 the prototype LRC (for Light Rapid
Comfortable) coach made its first run. This was to be the
successor to the ill-fated Turbo.
A quite fortuitous photo of 4744, at the head of an eastbound
freight, passing The Canadian on the prairies, November
9, 1971.
On March 25, CP Rail placed M-640 locomotive
4744 in service. Developing 4000 horsepower, it was, at that
time, the
most powerful locomotive in Canada. This unit
was always one-of-kind, but it served CP for many years and
after its eventual retirement it was donated by CP to the
Canadian Railway Museum.
In November CP Rail tore up all tracks leading into
Montreals Windsor station, terminating them a few hundred
feet west. This led to much speculation that the venerable
terminal building was going to be torn down and replaced
by an office tower.
The electrification of the former Cornwall Street
Railway came to an end as parent CN decided to use diesel
power for all switching.
On July 17 Amtrak came to Canada in the form of
the Pacific International running between Seattle and
Vancouver B.C.
Amtraks Montrealer between Washington and
Montreal, began service on September 30. This train, later
called the Vermonter, has had an on again off again
existence for almost thirty years and is presently off again.
The demolition of the 1953 express wing of Windsor station
(seen here on July
25, 1972) led to speculation that the
entire station was doomed. However the main portion
of the
structure was
preserved and renovated. The Laurentien
hotel ill the background was torn down in 1977.
On September 23, 1972 electric street cars began to run at
the Canadian
Railway Museum. Her the inaugural car
breaks through the ceremonial banner on that day.
During 1972 the impressive CNR (ex Intercolonial)
station at Truro N.S. was torn down.
The British Columbia Railway (formerly PGE)
opened its line to Fort Nelson.
On June 12 no less than four of CP Rails Baldwin
diesels (8006, 8007, 8008, 8011) were wrecked in a
spectacular crash on the
E&N on Vancouver Island. All four
were scrapped.
On June 24 the Toronto Transit Conunission placed
a 1922 Witt
car in service as a tour tram. This popular run
for several years.
Two views of the D&H sesquicentennial special on April 28
29, 1973. Top is steam locomotive 302 that pulled the
train while above
is the replica of the Stourbridge Lion
which the D&H purchased in
1829. This replica rode on a
flat car, and was much admired by visitors who were
impressed by the big lion
s face painted on the front.
In the Spring the Delaware and Hudson Railroad
celebrated its 150
anniversary as a corporation by running
steam hauled exhibition train to Montreal. This company,
started as a canal company
in 1823, and which built its first
railway in 1829, is the oldest name in North American
railroading, predating even the Baltimore and Ohio. Today
it is owned by Canadian Pacific.
One of the largest excursions of the 1970s (and certainly
the largest ever run by the CRHA) was the Maple Sugar trip
to St. Albans Vermont on April
7. Almost 1100 passengers
rode this trip which was run in conjunction with the St.
Albans maple festival. Here
we see this huge train, hauled
by three locomotives, coming around the curve into St.
Albans station.
82 MAI-JUIN 2001
1973 is noted as the year when CN restored steam locomotive
6060 for excursion service.
Top we see it in Point St. Charles
shops on March 17, while above it is operating 011 an
to Victoria ville on September 15.
July 20 saw the destruction of an ex-CN Turbo train
that was to be sold to Amtrak. Involved in a collision with a
freight train
near Lachine Que., the Turbo caught fire and
was a total write off.
Heritage preservation suffered a heavy blow with the
of the Montreal mansion of Sir William Van
Home, the builder of the CPR. Here we see demoltion under
way on September
In the spring a lengthy television series based on
Bertons history of the CPR, the National Dream
aired across Canada.
A Witt car in tour tram service in Toronto on September 8,
On May 31 service to Dawson Creek B.C. on the
Alberta Railways ended.
Royal Hudson locomotive 2860 was restored to
service. After many years of further use it was
temporarily retired, but is soon to be restored again.
For a time in 1974 Turbo trains were used on the run between
Montreal and Ottawa. This view was taken at Ottawa station
on October
The National Museum of Science and Technology
in Ottawa acquired a former Carillon & Grenville car built in
the 1850s, one
of the oldest in Canada.
On July 16
CNR steam engine 6060 was abruptly
withdrawn from excursion service due to serious
damage to
a bearing.
It was later repaired and returned to service.
On August 5 Amtrak introduced the Adirondack
running between New York and Montreal via the Delaware
and Hudson. Although an Amtrak train, the equipment was
D&H including the famous PA diesel locomotives.
This train still runs, but no more PAs.
On December 17 CP Rail bought the line from
Vanceboro to Mattawamkeag Maine from the Maine Central.
Although it had operated on that line since 1889 it had
never owned it, so in 1974 it became a true transcontinental
railway. Ironically, at the end
of 1994 CP sold its eastern
lines including this stretch of track.
On February 17 CN bought the Canada and Gulf
Terminal operating between Mont Joli and Matane. However
it still operated it as a separate entity until it sold its eastern
Quebec lines in the late 1990s.
A home-built snow plow on the Canada and Gulf Terminal
Railway on March
22, 1975.
The Montreal Locomotive Works was sold to
Bombardier on January 21.
This was the year of the United States bicentennial
and many railways painted
locomotives in various patriotic
designs commemorating the event.
A bicentennial locomotive on the Central Vermont at St.
Albans on Aprii 10, 1976.
1n 1976 Ihe lntrenational Association of Transporl Museums
had Iheir convention in Montreal. On August
15 a special
Budd Car train took the delegates
to the Canadian Railway
Museum where we see some
of them posed by the 1883
business car Saskatchewan
This was also the year that Montreal hosted the
Olympics and special trains were put on to bring spectators
to the various activities.
On April 5 the Consolidated Rail Corporation
(Conrail) was fonned out of the wreck of the Penn Central.
In May CN Marine was formed
to operate the coastal
belonging to Canadian National.
On August
31 Quebec Citys famous Palais station
closed after sixty years. Later used as a farmer
s market, the
station was eventually refurbished and once again became a
On February 28 federal transport minister Otto Lang
announced the formation
of VIA Rail as a subsidiary of CN.
Within a few months major plans were in the works for
Canadas passenger trains.
The Ontario Northland began
to operate TEE (Trans
Express) trains obtained second hand from Europe.
Later a conventional North American diesel was used to haul
these trains.
When the D&Hs PAs were retired Amtrak began to use Turbos
on the Adirondack as
we see in this view at Montreal on
15, 1977. A commuter train is on the left.
The first cars for Edmontons light rail transit
system arrived, and construction started on Calgarys system.
The first prototypes for Torontos new street cars
were built in Switzerland.
In October VIA placed its first order for LRC
locomotives and cars.
The lnukshook Express was run to Hay River in
connection with the winter games held there from March 19
to 28. This is as close as the North
West Territories came to
having a passenger train service, although at least one
excursion was run there in later times.
The first VIA timetables appeared. There was no
system timetable but there were three separate folders.
GO Transit introduced its first double deckers. These
of a novel losange shaped design, were very popular
and are still in regular service. They have been the model for
similar cars in places as far apart as Vancouver B.C. and
Miami Florida.
84 MAI-JUIN 2001
Steam locomotive 2860 and its train made a cross­
country tour reaching many places in eastern Canada.
The new light rail system went into operation in
The last eastbound run of The Canadian as an entirely
CP train, at North Bay on October 28, 1978.
On October 29 VIA took over the western
transcontinental trains. The last run of The Canadian as a
CP train was an historic occasion, the end of a service that
dated back to 1886.
A GO Transit double-decker train at Toronto on July 19,
These trains are still in service.
A mixture
of VIA and CP Rail passenger units at Toronto on
September II, 1979. They were about to haul the
Canadian on its westward trip.
The Canadian, now operated by VIA, at Banff ALberta on
15, 1979.
The Toronto Transit Commission began to use
route numbers on its street car lines. Eventually the names
were dropped and the lines known by number only.
CPR Hudson locomotive 2839 made a series
of excursions in the southern United States.
On October 28 VIA introduced its new train the St.
Laurent between Montreal and
Mont Joli.
The last Atlantic Limited, now down to four cars, arriving
the CP station in west Saint John on October 28, 1979.
Also on October 28 CP Rail trains 41 and 42, the
Atlantic Limited made their last run between Montreal
and Saint John. They were replaced by VIA trains 11 and 12,
called the Atlantic (without the Limited) running
between Montreal and Halifax via Saint John. The last
eastbound Atlantic Limited consisted of CP locomotive
8568 and cars 606, Draper Manor, 506 and 119. The
replacement VIA train was very much longer.
November 10 a hotbox caused the derailment
of a CP freight train carrying dangerous chemicals through
the city
of Mississauga Ontario. The danger posed by these
chemicals resulted in the evacuation of about 250,000
people for up to five days, the greatest evacuation in
Canadian history. Amazingly, during the whole operation
no one was killed and very few were seriously injured.
Canadian National bought out CPs share of the
Northern Al berta Railways and became sole
owner of that
During 1980 it was admitted that the Automatic
Car Identification (ACI) system, introduced in 1969, was a
and its use was abandoned. The major problem was
that the special labels would give false readings when dirty
or partially
or completely obscured. Since a false reading is
often worse than no reading at all, it was decided to do away
with the system and go back to the old manual method.
A new Toronto street car on JuLy 24, 1980.
The first new street cars in Canada in almost thirty
years were placed in service in Toronto. Over the years
hundreds more followed and they are still in service.
Craig Terminus being demolished on May 17, 1980. The
artitectural items, carefully removed, still exist, but have
never been used.
In Montreal the former Craig Terminus of the
Montreal Tramways Company, built in 1925, was torn down.
The facade was to have been used in the new convention
centre built on the site, but this was not done and at last
report the stonework is still lying in a north end field.
Although the convention centre is now being expanded,
there still seem to be no plans to incorporate these historic
Montreal Birney car 200 rests between filming sessions on
Hibernia street on October
23, 1980, during shooting of the
movie The Plouffe Family (see article, next page).
In October a street car track was laid on Hibernia
street in the Point St. Charles district
of Montreal, and Birney
car 200, borrowed from
the Canadian Railway Museum, was
run thereon. No, it was not a new transit line but was for a
movie being
made of the Plouffe Family, set in 1939. One
amusing incident of the filming was when a scene was ruined
by the anachronism
of the Turbo t.rain passing at the end of
the street and being captured on filml At the conclusion of
the filming the tracks were lifted and rails, overhead wire
car were returned to the Museum. This was the last
operation (so far)
of a street car in Montreal.
A steam special, hauled by 1201, stops at Vankleek Hill on
6, 1981. This was one of the events to commemorate
CPs lOath anniversary y
On February 17 Canadian Pacific celebrated the
anniversary of its founding. Observances of this
anniversary continued all year. Even the federal government
issued a commemorative silver dollar but it did not mention
the CPR by name anywhere on the coin.
Crew members of the last Atlantic, November 14, 1981.
On November 15 the federal government made very
many cutbacks
to VIA service. Among the casualties were
the recently introduced Atlantic and also the Super
Continental. Both trains were later reinstated, although the
Atlantic was
cut again in 1994. Between 1981 and 1985
RDC train was run between Halifax and Fredericton via
Moncton and Saint John. This marked the first regular
passenger service on the Fredericton branch since 1962.
86 MAI-JUIN 2001
The Amtrak train the Pacific International was
discontinued due
to budget cutbacks. However in later years
it was reinstated.
On May 25 Calgarys new rapid transit began
operating. Now greatly expanded, the C Train carries many
of passengers each day.
A 400 foot railway tunnel was opened
just west of
Torontos Union station to ease congestion.
CNRs famous steam locomotive 6060 was retired
from service. Later sent
to Alberta, it has been kept in repair
and has seen considerable use on short lines since that time.
On March 12 the CRHA celebrated fifty years since
it was founded.
The so called Draper Taper design was introduced
on new locomotives for
Canadian railways.
Two views of Newfoundland branch lines during 1982. The
view shows the Argentia train on August 23, while above
we see the Carbonear train climb the spectacular cliff at
Spaniards Bay on August
24. The second unit in the top
is 805, now at the Canadian Railway Museum.
CN made great use of containers on the
Newfoundland railway in order to make the operation more
efficient. However six years later the entire system was
In the spring the ill stan·ed Turbo train made its last
run and was replaced with LRC equipment. The Turbo cars
were scrapped, so ending the story that had begun with so
much hope fifteen years before.
On August lOa cornfield meet between VIA train
number 82 and a freight near Ingersoll Ontario resulted in
damage but, fortunately, no fatalities.
The last CP commuter train at Westmount station at 12:03
A.M. on October
1, 1982. 1t had ceased to be a CP train
three minutes before, while en route from Windsor station.
On October I an era ended as CP Rail operated its
commuter train, the late night run to Montreals west
island. At exactly midnight, as the train was still in progress,
commuter system was handed over to the local transit
authority and this last run ceased
to be a CP train.
Late that year the White Pass and Yukon route
announced the closure of its railway due to the shutdown of
the mine that was its biggest customer. For five and a half
years this scenic line lay idle, but was later revived as a
tourist line.
CPs Windsor station in Montreal all decorated for the
Christmas season, December
17, 1982.
The electrified line to Tumbler Ridge on the British
Columbia Railway began operation.
During this year there was much agitation for
against the abolition of the so called Crows Nest Pass freight
rates which were originally established
in 1897. Eventually
these special low rates for grain were abolished and replaced
government subsidies.
CN and CP announced their intention to buy the
Canada Southern line, in southern Ontario, from Conrail.
However it was two years before the deal was completed.
An Ontario Northland TEE train on July 11, 1983.
Amtrak and VIA jointly reintroduced the
International, this time as a day train, between Toronto
and Chicago via the St. Clair tunnel.
One of the last steam trips to Maniwaki was this one on
1, 1983. This spectacular runpast was held on the
return trip.
In October the first of a series of postage stamps
depicting famous Canadian locomotives were issued.
Ceremonies in connection with this issue took place at the
Canadian Railway Museum.
The 65th anniversary of the opening of the Mount Royal
tunnel was on October
21. This photo of a train headed by
the oldest locomotive, was taken three days latel:.
VIA leased some Superliner cars from Amtrak and
used them between Winnipeg and
Edmonton to test public
opinion. A plan
to purchase Superliners was later abandoned
in favour
of rebuilding the former CPR stainless steel cars.
In September His Holiness Pope John-Paul II visited
Canada. Part
of the tour involved travel by train, and a special
Papal train was operated in eastern Canada using LRC
It was announced that much of the equipment from
the Pinafore Park railway in St. Thomas would be returning
to Huntsville from which it had come after the abandonment
of the Huntsville and Lake of Bays. In 2000 the H&LB
reopened as a tourist attraction at Huntsville in a different
location than it had formerly been.
This photo, taken on April 13, 1984, informs visitors to
of the project to restore CP locomotive 374 in
for Expo 86 .. The restoration was done and the engine,
which hauled the first regular train into Vancouver
was exhibited.
Following an election, and a change of ruling party,
the federal government announced plans
to restore some of
the VIA trains cut in 1981.
Montreal street car 1953 (masquerading as 1928, the year
it was built) was loaned by the museum to the amusement
park La Ronde for two years for a childrens play room!
Here we see it on March
13 1985, while the park was closed
for the winta
On March 22 the Toronto Transit Commission
opened the rapid transit line in Scarborough using linear
induction propulsion.
88 MAI-JUIN 2001
The CN-CP takeover of the Canada Southern
became official on April 30 when the final agreements were
The first restored Atlantic arriving in the pouring rain at
McAdam N.B. on June
1, 1985.
On May 31 the Atlantic, between Montreal and
Halifax via Saint John, and the Super Continental between
Jasper and Vancouver, were revived, fulfilling the election
promises made in 1984.
Two abandonments
of lines with passenger service
took place in 1985.
The three branch lines in Newfoundland
and the Thunder Bay to Sioux Lookout line all ceased
Following the re-enactment of the driving of the Last Spike
at Craigellachie on November
7, 1985, the special steam
train returned to Revelstoke. This spectacular runpast was
held on the way back.
On November 7 the centennial of the driving of the
Last Spike on the CPR was celebrated in a big way. A special
train was run from Calgary to
Revelstoke on November 6,
and a steam special, hauled by 1201, ran from Revelstoke to
Craigellachie and return on November 7.
On this train was
car 76, from Heritage Park in Calgary.
The car was built in
1882 and had been at the original spike driving in 1885. At
exactly 9:22 A.M., the time
of the driving of the original
in 1885, the ceremony was re-enacted, following which
second century was begun with the driving of a new
spike, this time with a mechanical spike driver.
Citys Paiais statio!!, closed in 1976, was
reopened on November 8 after much renovation and laying
of new track. Happily the famous reversed map stained
glass window was left in place, still showing the map
backwards as it had done since 1916.
The last Adirondack to leave Windsor station, January
12, 1986.
On January 12 Amtraks Adirondack became the
last regular long distance train to depart from Montreals
Windsor station. A sign observed along the way said
Farewell D&H. The northbound Adirondack arrived at
Central station and has continued
to operate from there ever
since. Windsor is now served only by commuter trains.
February 8 one of the worst wrecks in recent
Canadian history occurred near Hinton Alberta when 23
people were killed in a collision between a VIA train and a
freight that
came out of a siding against a signal.
Vancouver the first portions of the Sky train
service began operation. This line, some of which ran above
the old B.C. Electric right
of way, operated by linear induction
like the Scarborough line opened the year before.
The grand parade opening Steamexpo, May 23, 1986.
To conunemorate the centennial of the founding of
Vancouver, a Worlds Fair was held there, known as Expo 86.
As part
of this, an event called Steamexpo took place in
May at
which were numerous steam locomotives from all
over North America and even from England. Many were under
steam, and a very impressive parade
of steam locomotives
was held on the opening day.
The 150th anniversary of the opening of
Canadas first railway, the Champlain and St. Lawrence Rail
Road was observed on July 21. VIA produced some
commemorative items and publicised the anniversary. The
CRHA also published a sesquicentennial book giving the
A special commemorative run, using an LRC train, to St.
Jean on July 19, 1986 (two days before the actual
anniversary) in conjunction with the sesquicentennial of
Canadian railways.
history of the line and various stories connected therewith.
Ceremonies were also held at Laprairie and St. Jean, the
original termini
of the line.
The upper photo shows 29 and 1009 double-headed on the
Salem and Hillsborough on September 6, 1987, in
connection with the
lOOth anniversary celebrations for 29.
Below is 29s birthday cake on the same day.
On September 6 the 100
birthday of former CPR
locomotive 29 was celebrated at Hillsborough New
Brunswick, the engine being steamed up for the occasion. In
1994 this engine was badly damaged in a fire, but was later
loaned by the CHRA back to the CPR which restored it and
now has it proudly displayed outside its headquarters
building in Calgary.
VIAs Atlantic passing Petitcodiac station in New
Brunswick on September 5, 1987. Both station and train
now gone.
Amtraks Montrealer was discontinued due to
deteriorating track.
It would be gone for two years, patt of
the on again off again saga referred to earlier.
October 11 the new Wisconsin Central was
formed and
took over parts of the old Soo Line trackage.
Later the
WC took over the Algoma Central, and recently
has itself been purchased by CN.
On May 12 the White Pass and Yukon, closed since
1983, reopened as a tourist line between
Skagway Alaska
and Fraser B.C. It continues in operation today and even
runs two steam locomotives on some trains. Regular
operation still goes to Fraser, but some trains go as far as
Bennett and Carcross. The track still extends
to Whitehorse
but the upper end
is not operated at present.
The CRHA acquired ex-CPR 7077, the first production diesel
built in Canada (1948). We see it here at the
Canadian Railway Museum on October
8, 1988.
VIA began a tourist train tluough the Rockies, but
later sold it
to a private company.
The former Canada Atlantic line between Coteau
and Cantic Que. Was abandoned. This line, built about 1884,
had been the site
of several notable CRHA excursions, and
was also the
line from which our Barrington station had
been obtained.
90 MAI-JUIN 2001
The CN commuter train from Montreal to St. Hilaire
was discontinued, but has recently been reinstated as far as
On September 1 CP Rail created its Canadian
Atlantic (not to be confused with the Canada Atlantic above)
division, comprising most
of its lines east of Montreal. Most
of these lines were either abandoned or sold by the end of
Scenes on the eventful trip taken by CRJ-JA members in
Newfoundland on August
14, 1988. Top is a runpast (with a
regular train!) near
Gaff Topsail, and immediately above is
a view of the train after arriving at Corner Brook.
In September the entire main line of the
Newfoundland railway was abandoned, and the tracks were
tom up during the next two years. A few weeks before, some
members of the CRHA had made a memorable trip from
Bishops Falls to Corner Brook and return, on the last
remaining passenger service on the island.
Locomotive 805 and several cars from the Newfoundland
railway standing on a narrow gauge track at the Canadian
Railway Museum on October
8, 1988 soon after arrival.
The last of the Witt street cars in tour tram service
in Toronto was retired after a farewell excursion on November
CP Rails new Mount Macdonald tunnel in British
Columbia opened on December 12.
VIAs overnight train between Toronto and Ottawa
was discontinued on
January 17.
of the old Canada Atlantic system disappeared
with the
abandonment of the former Ottawa Arnprior and
Parry Sound line
in Ontario. This track had had little use in
recent years, in fact many of its rails were the original ones
in 1896 -1897 when the line was built.
Alberta, the Central Western Railway began
operation, using portions of former CN lines. This was one
of the first modern short lines in Canada.
Scenes on the memorable 1 DOth anniversary trip on CPs
Short Line.
Top view is of the train crossing Ship Pond
bridge at Onawa Maine on June
2 1989, while above is the
arrival at Vanceboro Maine on June 3.
Early in June, CP Rail (it the form of its Canadian
Atlantic division) celebrated the 100h anniversary of the
opening of its Short Line (not to be confused with short
line in the modern sense) between Montreal and Saint John
via the state
of Maine. As part of this celebration a special
steam train, open to the public and hauled by 1201, made a
memorable trip from Megantic Que. To Saint John. It
travelled by day, overnighting at McAdam, allowing
passengers a rare daytime view of the spectacular scenery of
northern Maine.
The pre-inaugural Montrealer arriving at Montpelier
Junction Vermont on July J 7, J 989.
In July Amtraks Montrealer was reinstated using
different route between New Haven and Brattleboro. The
day before the regular service began a special inaugural train
ran by day, attracting large crowds en route.
Sign announcing harbourfront light rail (street car) line
under construction
in Toronto, April 20, J 989.
In October the federal government announced huge
cuts to VIAs operating budget. As a result plans were
to discontinue about half of its trains the following January.
Although the Atlantic was planned to be cut, it was
eventually spared (but cut to three days a week) and ran
almost five more years.
VIAs Canadian in the Kicking Horse canyon, September
27, 1989, a few days before the cuts were officially
announced. It would stop running on this route the following
CP Rails Drummondville subdivision was
abandoned in December.
December 26, Norris R. Crump, former CPR
president and originator of the modernization of the
passenger fleet in the 1950s, died at Calgary.
December 31, the last day of the 1980s, the
entire remaining trackage in Prince Edward Island was
abandoned. This was the first (and so far only) Canadian
to lose all its rail service (Newfoundland still has
the lines in Labrador).
January 15 was a black day for passenger train
enthusiasts for
on that day almost half of VIAs trains were
discontinued. Among the casualties was the Canadian over
the scenic CP line through the mountains. The name
Canadian, as well as the stainless steel equipment, was
transferred to the CN line, the route
of the former Super
Continental. Service on the CP line between Calgary and
Vancouver is now provided by a private tour company.
A movie, entitled
The Last Train Across Canada
appeared on television and created the erroneous impression
that Canadian transcontinental passenger service was gone.
The original title of the movie was Last Train to Medicine
Hat which was more meaningful, but unfortunately the name
was changed before it
came out.
Train of rebuilt stainless steel cars on exhibition at
Montreals Old Port on September 21, 1990.
During the summer VIA unveiled its new look a
of completely rebuilt, and equipped for head-end power,
stainless steel cars. Called
Of Style and Steel, the exhibition
drew great public attention and did much to dispel the
misconception, held by some, that VIA had gone out of
business following the cuts in January.
the VIA cuts, much of the Dominion
Atlantic Railway in Nova Scotia was abandoned.
CN discontinued all operation on Vancouver Island
effective January 29.
The former Quebec and Richmond line was
After being disused for a time, the tracks of the CP
line between St. Jerome Que. And Mont Laurier were taken
The old right of way has been preserved and is now a
scenic hiking trail.
92 MAI-JUIN 2001
After much discussion and negotiation, CP Rail
an agreement to take over operation of the Delaware
and Hudson, the oldest railway company in North America
and one
of the oldest in the world. This gave CP access to
important ports and connections in the United States.
On January 16 CP officially took over the D&H.
The last long distance train into New Yorks Grand
Central station was Amtraks Maple Leaf from Toronto
which arrived at Grand Central on April
6. All Amtrak trains
in New York now use Pennsylvania station, and Grand Central
is now used only by commuter trains, of which there are very
The station has recently been renovated and restored
to its beautiful 1913 appearance.
The monument at Sarnia to commemorate the St. Clair
tunnel, seen on June
12, 1991. It is made from actual spare
of the tunnel lining, kept in storage for 100 years.
On September 19 a great ceremony was hel d at
Sarnia Ontario and Port Huron Michigan to
the 100lh anniversary of the completion of the St. Clair tunnel.
This tunnel has since (1995) been replaced
by a much larger
one a short distance away.
November 30, 1991 marked the resumption of service between
Montreal and Cochrane, via Senneterre, after some months
suspension. Here it
is on a cold December 1 at Cochrane
station, about to start its return trip. Note the Cochrane
museum train in the background.
The station at Cochrane Ontario, originally built
in 1910 for the National Transcontinental, was
and a hotel established on the second floor. This is a fine
stopping place for those taking the train
to Moosonee.
On January 31 the TEE trains on the Ontario
Northland were retired from service, and on the same day the
Napierville Junction (the
Canadian subsidiary of the D&H)
was formally integrated into CP and the NJ company
On February 5 Orner Lavallee, noted railway
historian and former archivist of Canadian Pacific, died at
Lachine Que. Mr. Lavallee had been very active in the CRHA
from 1945 to 1965, perhaps the most important twenty years
of the Associations history.
On April 3 the line to Pine Point
in the Northwest
Territories was abandoned.
The line to Hay River remains in
Two views, taken on August 14 and 22, 1992, of the train on
the scenic line
to Wakefield on the former CP Maniwaki
line. The entire train
is from Sweden and is similar to those
formerly used on the Swedish National railways (Sl). Steam
locomotive 909 was built in
1907 as an 0-8-0 and later
to a 2-8-0. The diesel, also Swedish, is used when
the steam locomotive
is not running.
DUling this year CP Rails Angus shops in Montreal
were closed. Although they were briefly reopened, they were
eventually shut down for good and the site is now a housing
development. Portions
of some of the buildings, constructed
between 1902 and 1904, have been preserved.
Another short line, the Goderich and Exeter, began
in Ontario using trackage sold by CN.
CP Rails facilities at Port McNichol Ontario were
Both Toronto and Montreal celebrated the
centennial of electrification of their street car systems.
On November 21, CP demonstrated a commuter service that
could operate out of Montreal. This photo shows the
demonstration train at Park Avenue station. Eventually a
highly successful commuter train to Blainville was begun
on this line, but operated by the local transit authority.
On December 18 work began on the restoration of
street car service on Spadina Ave. in Toronto.
The last steam-heated cars on VIAs transcontinental
trains were retired on January 23. From then on all
on these trains was stainless steel and equipped for head end
On March
13 occurred the Storm of the Century,
blizzard that swept from Cuba to Labrador in one day.
Almost a foot of snow fell in Atlanta Ga., and much more
further north. All means of transportation, including railways,
paralyzed throughout the eastern portions of Canada
and the United States.
A railway enthusiasts excursion at McAdam New Brunswick
on May
29, 1993. It ran all the way to Saint 10hn.
One of the oldest railways in Canada, the St.
Andrews branch, extending south from Watt Junction in New
Brunswick, was abandoned. This was part of the original St.
Andrews and Quebec, constructed in the early 1850s.
In Nova Scotia, the Cape Breton and Central
Scotia Railway took over the CN line from Truro to Sydney.
This is the line on which VIA ran the Bras
dOr in 2000
and 2001.
In Quebec, the CN line from Marieville to Granby
was abandoned. Electric railway enthusiasts will recall that
this was part
of the main line of the Montreal and Southern
Counties Railway.
In what must be one of the most classic cases of
lack of foresight, a new VIA station was built in Saint John
N.B., replacing the 1978 structure. Little more than a year
later all passenger train service
to Saint John ceased and the
nice new station was abandoned.
Excalibore about to start drilling the new St. Clair tunnel,
16, 1993.
On September 16 work began on the new St. Clair
tunnel, much larger than the old
one completed in 1891. A
device known as Excalibore was used to drill the tunnel,
starting from the
Sarnia end and proceeding all the way
to Port Huron. This differed from the method used
on the old tunnel where boring began from both ends.
….. –
The Swedish streamlined train X-2000 visited Canada and
made a number
of demonstration runs. Here we see it at CP
Rails Glen yard
in Montreal.
On November 29 the Fredericton Branch, from
Fredericton Junction
to Fredericton in New Brunswick, was
What was probably the oldest railway structure in
Canada, the original 1836 freight shed of the Champlain
and St. Lawrence Rail Road at St. Jean Que., was destroyed.
if any of the structural material was saved.
September 16 a disastrous fire destroyed the
major storage building of the Salem and Hillsborough
Railway in New Brunswick. Much equipment was destroyed
including the former Grand Trunk official car Violet.
Former CPR locomotive 29 was badly damaged but survived.
94 IVlAI-JUIN 2001
The Windsor and Hantsport, another short line, took
over what was left
of the Dominion Atlantic in Nova Scotia.
In December, the Norfolk Southern steam program,
which had run for more than twenty years was cancelled,
and such locomotives
as 611 and 1218 were retired. Though
these trips did not extend into Canada they were very familiar
to many Canadian railway enthusiasts.
Bearing a commemorative dru111sign reading 1889 -1994
the final eastbound Atlantic departs fr0111 Saint John,
ending 137 years of rail passenger service to New
Brunswicks largest city.
The final event of this rather bleak year was the
of the Atlantic, from Montreal to Halifax
via Saint John, on December 15.
The ostensible reason for
the discontinuance was that CP had given up the Short Line
Maine and it was bought by another short line (in
the modern sense) company. At this time the
Ocean was
restored to six days a week. Ironically the latter train now
over a short line for much of its route, yet it was not
as was the Atlantic.
On January 5 the New Brunswick Southern,
controlled by the Irvings, began to operate that portion of
the former CP Short Line in New Brunswick, while a
company called Iron Road (which also owns the
Bangor &
Aroostook) took over portions of the line in Maine and
Quebec. This ensured through freight service (but no
passenger trains) over the entire line. The name New
Brunswick Southern is an historic one, being used in the
early twentieth century for the old Shore Line Railway, later
of the CPR and long since abandoned.
On February 4 the New England Central took over
the old Central Vermont which had been sold
by CN.
On April 1 the Montrealer was discontinued
(again!) and replaced by the Vermonter a day train that
operated from Washington to SI. Albans with a bus
connection to Montreal. Very recently (2001) this train has
been discontinued yet again.
On April 5 the new St. Clair tunnel was opened and
the old one,
in use for almost 104 years, was closed. Trains
can now go through at full speed instead
of having to slow
to a crawl.
/ ,
One of the last commuter trains hauled by the old electric
locomotives. June
2, 1995.
June 2 saw the end of the old electric commuter
trains through the Mount Royal tunnel in Montreal. The
last train was hauled by locomotive 6711 which had been
built in 1914 and had hauled the first regular train through
the tunnel on October 21, 1918. Much
of the old equipment
preserved; 6711, two coaches and two multiple-unit
cars going to the Canadian Railway Museum. The line was
closed all
summer (as it had also been in 1993 and 1994)
and when it reopened on October 26 it was equipped with
new fast, smooth electric multiple unit trains.
In December the Toronto Transit Commission
retired the last of its PCC street cars from regular use. Most
were sold
to transit authorities or museums for further use,
but two cars (4500 and 4549) were kept by the TTC for
special charter trips.
During this year the former By town
and Prescott
Railway, the first railway into Ottawa, constructed
in 1854,
was abandoned
by CPo
On October 9 Vias Ocean was hauled backwards over
the CP bridge at LaSalle, Que. The reason was the closure
of Victoria bridge for repairs. This was done on some long
weekends in
1994, 1995 and 1996.
On November I, the West Coast Express, using
double decker commuter cars similar to those run by GO
. Transit, began operation on the CP line into Vancouver B.C.
November 19 shares of Canadian National
Railways were placed on the market for the first time. Until
CN had been entirely owned by the federal governmemt.
The share issue was a great financial success, as it was greatly
oversubscribed for, and the price quickly rose to a high
premium where it has remained ever since.
Canadian Pacific formed the St. Lawrence and
Hudson Railway on April 2 to operate its lines in eastern
Canada and the United States.
The official use of this name
began on October
1. For a time CP considered selling it, but
eventually retained it and re-integrated
it into the CP system.
As the song says, its got ssssteam heat! The VIA train at
Tachereau quebec on March
7, 1996 was spewing steam in
a big way. Less than two months later steam heat was gone.
On April 28 VIAs last steam heated cars were retired
from its trains
in northern Quebec. The entire system is now
run with
head end power except for two mixed trains in
northern Manitoba.
VIAs Skeena, between Jasper and Prince Rupert
became a day train, overnighting at Prince George. First class
dome service
is provided as well as the much cheaper coach
The new multiple-unit trains on the Mount Royal tunnel
line at Mount Royal station on August
29, 1996.
VIA tested out the Danish Flexliner trains on some
of its runs in eastern Canada.
In September, Canadian Pacific moved its corporate
headquarters from Montreal to Calgary.
September 28 Iron Road took over more of CPs
lines in Quebec.
Link, Ottawa Valley began operating the former
CP line along the Ottawa river on October 30.
By 1996 the end was near for the famous Buffalo grain
These were box cars, owned jointly by Canada and
Manitoba, used to carry grain. Their last stronghold was
the Churchill line but when the track was upgraded
to allow
heavier cars the old ones were retired.
December 1 saw the Chemin de Fer Baie des
Chaleurs tale over CNs line from matapedia to Chandler.
Subsequently they took over the line from Chandler to Gaspe
as well.
The CPR readopted the beaver insignia which had
been dropped in 1968
in favour of the multi mark. The new
beaver was depicted with the name Canadian Pacific
Railway and the date 1881 referring to the year the
company was founded.
Former CPR locomotive 29 was leased back to CP
by the CRHA, restored in CPs shops in Winnipeg and sent
to Calgary where it
is on display in front of the companys
The Waterloo & St. Jacobs station in Waterloo, November 8,
The Waterloo and St Jacobs Railway began
operation as a tourist line in Ontario on July 2, using
equipment from the former tourist line that ran east from
Quebec City. Unfortunately the W&SJ closed in 2000.
August 2 the Hudson Bay Railway took over
the CN lines from the Pas northward in Manitoba, including
the lines to Lynn Lake, Flin Flon and Churchill.
On November II the Quebec Gatineau railway
began operating former CP lines north of the Ottawa river.
96 MAI-JUIN 2001
Former British Columbia intelUrban car 1231 was
in Victoria and shipped to Vancouver where it joined
car 1207 and was placed in service on a heritage electric
November 19 was the 150th anniversary of Montreals first
railway, the Montreal
& Lachine. This plaque was erected
1947 on the 100th anniversary.
A new format VIA timetable made its debut on
November 23. Pocket sized and thicker, the new timetable
contains airline-style schedules as well as the more
conventional railway type ones.
Windsor station during the ice storm. January 9, 1998.
Many trains out of Montreal were still cancelled by January
19 when this photo was taken.
In January eastern Canada was devastated by an
ice storm. Rail service was cut for many days
in some areas
due to signal failures. CNs main line east of
Montreal was reduced to one way (westbound) traffic only,
as a result
of which the eastbound Ocean was rerouted via
Hervey Junction. One interesting sidelight
of the storm was
the use
of CN locomotives, moved to strategic locations of
the tracks, to provide electric power to areas hard hit by
power outages.
More short lines were formed and others were
expanded. Among these was the Goderich and Exeter which
absorbed the CN line from Guelph through Kitchener on
November 16.
The Ontario Southern was formed on January
1, and the St.
Lawrence and Atlantic (Quebec) began to
operate the Canadian end
of the Montreal-Portland line on
In June VIA abolished conductors on its trains, the
work now being done by other VIA employees.
On July 29 the Vancouver Heritage Railway opened
using former BC Electric cars 1207 and 1231. This line,
the False Creek of Vancouver, has proved to be very popular
and plans are
in the works to extend it to Stanley Park.
A former GO Transit single-decker car on September 27 1998,
after being rebuilt for Montreal commuter servive at AMF,
the former CN Point
St. Charles shops.
The last train to Levis Quebec ran on October 23,
ending more than 140 years
of service to this city across the
river from Quebec City. The VIA trains now run on the freight
somewhat more inland.
The railway enthusiasts special at Hay River on April 6,
At Easter time a special VIA train, carrying a group
of railway enthusiasts, ran from Edmonton to Hay River
N.W.T. The trip was sponsored by the California chapter of
the Railway and Locomotive Historical Society, and is the
farthest north a VIA train has ever run.
This year the movement to the establishment of
short lines continued even greater than before. Among these
was Rail America which took over the Esquimalt and
Nanaimo on January 8.
In July the old Delorimier shops of the CPR, built
in 1884, were destroyed in a spectacular fire. The shops had
not been used
by CP since they moved to Angus Shops in
1904, and the old building had, in later years, been used as
oilcloth factory. Athough vacant in recent years, the
building was so saturated with oil that, when fire broke out,
it was completely destroyed.
Dorval station near Montreal was rebuilt in a very
attractive way, and plans were announced to rebuild other
in the Quebec -Windsor corridor.
The Timber Train at Mattawa, Ontario on luly 31, 1999.
Two tourist trains started this year, the Timber Train
of Mattawa Ontario (with most of the run in Quebec) and
the Okanagan Valley Wine Train in British Columbia.
December 31 many railways shut down much
of their operations for fear that the so called Y2K bug
would affect computer controlled operations
as the calendar
over from 1999 to 2000. The fear proved to be
groundless and operation recommenced on January 1 with
little trouble.
On January 16 overnight train service was resumed
between Montreal and Toronto exactly ten years
to the day
after it had been
discontinued as part of the VIA cuts of
1990. The new train is called the Enterprise, is all stainless
steel and offers dome service
in a Park car.
Another new VIA train in 2000 was the Bras dOr which
runs weekly between Halifax and Sydney, offering luxurious
accommodation. This photo was taken August
2000 was a year when interesting advertising paint jobs
were seen on VIA locomotives. 6429 with the Home
Hardware paint scheme had been around some time when
photographed at Ottawa on November
8, but the Kool Aid
ad, seen on 6406 at New Carlisle on May 8, appeared only
in the spring and summer.
On June 24 the Quebec Central Railway was revived
as a short line. It also offers a tourist train run using fOlmer
Long Island passenger cars.
The Toronto Union station was sold to the City of
Toronto which will maintain it as a station for both VIA and
GO Transit.
On the steam preservation scene, CNR 2534, moved from
Belleville, is being restored as part
of a railway museum
projuct at Brighton, Ontario. The station at Brighton is
to other Grand Trunk stations of the 1850s, but it is
of brick instead of stone. The photo was taken on
29, 2000.
VIA announced the purchase of many cars, some
not yet completed, intended for the Nightstar service
through the Channel Tunnel between England and France.
This overnight service never began and the cars became
surplus. The cars will be completed, to North American
standards, in Canada and will be used on VIA trains. First to
receive the new equipment will be the Enterprise running
overnight between Montreal and Toronto, and the service to
the Maritimes will follow later.
98 MAI-JUIN 2001
The steel mill in Sydney Nova Scotia, which had
made rails for Canadas railways for many decades, was
In July it was announced that both the federal and
Quebec provincial governments will be making large grants
to the Canadian Railway
Museum for the Exporail project.
This will enable the construction of a new large display
building to better care for and exhibit the artifacts owned by
the Association.
A contrast in locomotives in commuter service is seen in
these two photos at Montreals Windsor station, the top one
on March
9, the bottom one on August 18. A locomotive
leased from
VIA stands beside one from Amtrak; both are
hauling commuter trains. The second photo is
of one of the
newest engines
for the service. These will eventually replace
the older ones. In this picture it is painted
for the special
tour thain Le Riverain .
At midnight on December 31, 2000 the twentieth
century came to an end. The railway events of this century
would fill many a book,
but we hope we have given at least
a brief look at what transpired on Canadian railways during
the last hundred years. From the days
of Sir Wilfred Laurier
in the late Victorian era, the century has seen the development
of Canada and its railways together. Although the century
has seen the rise of other types of transportation that have
given serious
competition, the railways have survived, and
have adjusted to the new conditions of the twenty-first
century. If our story has helped the reader to know more of
Canadian railways in the twentieth century, this chronology
will have been a success.
Photos of the Trudeau Funeral Train
by Warren Mayhew
The article in our last issue, about the
funeral train of the late Pierre Elliott
Trudeau, former Prime Minister of Canada,
did not have any photos
of the train. Our
member Warren Mayhew has kindly
supplied these fine photos showing the
funeral train on this historic day .
. –
The Railway Murals of St. Thomas
The city of St. Thomas, Ontario, calls itself The Railway Capital of Canada with considerable justification, given the
number of railways that used to pass through that city. In downtown St. Thomas there are no less than seven murals showing
railway subjects. As part
of our series on murals we feature these seven. It should be noted that there is no picture of Thomas the
Tank Engine, nor
is there any reference to Jumbo who was killed by a train in St. Thomas in 1885.
ABOVB: Many railways, both steam and electric, are depicted
in this mural.
OPPOSITE: Possibly the finest
of the seven is this one depicting the troops going away to the Great War in 1916. The mural is
long and difficult to photograph in one view, so we have shown it in sections. The people in the painting are actual persons, and
the medals are those issued during World War 1. We will forgive the anachronism of the engine being lettered Canadian
National in 1916; a name that was not used until three years later.
MAY-JUNE 2001 101
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A train appears in the distance in this mural on fanning.
This one features the huge Canada Southern station.
ABOVE AND OPPOSITE: The street railways are well covered in the mural
collection. Even a
history is given The street car in the mural opposite top is
in the view at the bottom of the page.
MAY-JUNE 2001 103
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~p1f11~~_I CANADIAN RAIL -482
Cote Des Neiges Follow-up
Since the appearance of our article on the Cote Des Neiges street car line, additional comments and information have
in, including material on the missing period from late 1899 to mid 1902. To complete the story they are printed below.
For a few years the observation cars ran on two routes, an eastern one and a western one. The eastern route, which ran from
1950 through 1954, ran up Delorimiel; along Mount Royal and through Outremont, down Cote des Neiges and back east
on St. Catherine. This photo shows car No.2 descending Cote des Neiges just above Cedar Ave. about 1953. It has come
through the private right
of way and is about to go down the big hill to Sherbrooke and then down Guy to St. Catherine.
With regard to our statement that the name Cote des
Neiges translated
to Hillside of snows, Denis Duquette of
Montreal writes: I found it important to share this
information with you for I think your work clearly proves
that you are a perfectionist; you perform intensive research
-your article on Cote-des-Neiges
is positive proof. I thought
you would find it interesting to receive a different perception
on the subject.
The term Cote in Cote des Neiges, as in all other
Cote on the Montreal island, does not refer to hillside but
to a shore according to the current land subdivision
of the former French regime. Quoting from Les rues
de Montreal Repertoire historique, Editions du Meriden,
1995, La toponyime actuelle temoigne egalement dun
autre heritage du regime seigneural franr:ais. II sagit de
l utilisation des generiques cote et mantee . SOliS ce
regime, qui ne prendfin quau milieu du XIX siecle, la cote
represente une unite
d espace qui est decoupee en terres paralLeles. La premiere cote long
le cours d eau, tandis que
la seconde simplante audessus de la premiere et ainsi de
suite. lacces au cours deau, lequel est
pendant long temps
la seule voie de communication, est rendu
possible par le
decoupage a travers les terres dune voie de montee
jusqu aux cotes suivantes. Jl reste encore aujourdhui a
Montreal quelques odonymes temoignant de cet/e realite.
To utfo is, if fau! comprendre que certaines cotes n,ont pas
ete tracees parallement au fleuve, mais plutoI paralLelement
a des ruisseaux aujourdhui canalises, donc dissimules; cest
le cas du chemin de la Co!e-des-Neiges.
Then, the cote subdivision system was a series of
rectangular lots following the shoreline of a river. When the
shoreline was all occupied, a second series of lots
neighbouring on the first one was traced. The roads opened
up to serve these lots were named
in accordance to the cote
it was leading to. Thus, Cote-des-Neiges Road, despite the
fact that it really goes uphill, was named this way because it
was the thoroughfare leading
to the lots on the shore (cote)
of the creek crossing the Notre-Dame des Neiges village.
This fact about land subdivision
helps to understand why other main
arteries of Montreal bear the name
cote without showing the slightest
elevation. Of course, in the case of Cote­
des-Neiges, the reference to a shore is
not evident since the creek has been
canalised underground. Moreover, the
of the Mountain adds weight
to the impression that
Cote must mean
hill .
In our article, on page 16 of the
January-February issue, we came to a
strange gap
in the story. In the late fall
of 1899, with the railhead almost in
of the summit, work on the Cote
des Neiges line
came to a halt and did
not resume until 1902. This period
exactly coincides with the Boer War,
but there does not appear to be any
connection. At the time of preparation
of the article we did not know the reason
for the
delay, except that the ci ty of
Westmount had cooled to the idea of a
connection to the Boulevard from the
east. Further research has provided the
answer of what happened or, more
importantly, what did not happen.
The Montreal Street Rail way
had obtained the right
of way through
Sulpician land in the summer of
1899. This right of way skirted the edge
of the mountain and avoided the steep
grade up the road. However the
proposed route was not a nice smooth
easy roadbed.
Before tracks were laid
there would have to be considerable
digging, drilling, blasting and
levelling. This the MSR was not
prepared to do in the late fall of 1899
or, for that matter, all through 1900 and
190 I.
The reason was simple -these
were years of expansion for the MSR
and its labour force was fully occupied
building more extensive, and
potentially more lucrative, lines than a
quarter-mile extension into a sparsely
settled area that would net few new
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A transfer from the Cote des Neiges line,
issued on April
25, 1952 on car 1959, now
at the Canadian Railway Museum.
two and a half years, and the world, and
especially the British Empire, was
eagerly looking forward to the
coronation of the new king, Edward VII.
The coronation, the first in Britain
since 1838, was scheduled for June 26,
owing to the kings sudden illness
it was postponed and did not take place
until August 9. However, by
coincidence, the original date, June 26,
plays an important
pmt in our story for
8:00 A.M. on that day workers for
MSR began to break through the
big stone wall
of the Sulpician property
just north of what is now Cedar Avenue.
The work on the extension had begun.
STREET EXTENSION proclaimed the
. newspapers, but with the warning that
job would require a good deal of
blasting and difficult work, and wiJl
likely take most
of the summer. Soon
thereafter, on July 8, a letter appeared
strongly urging that the new line
become part of a loop line through
upper Westmount, a proposal that
finally came true in 1909. Two days
later, although no one realized it at the
time, the first seeds were sown for the
demise of the street car lines, for on July
10 1902 the city
of Montreal issued its
first licence for an automobile!
By late August construction was
complete and on August 25 1902 the
extension was opened and the Guy
Street cars first ran all the way up Cote
des Neiges to what is now the
As we have read, the last street car ran
on Cote des Neiges early
in the morning
of June 26, 1955. At that time, and for
many years thereafter, it seemed as if
the street car was a dead issue and would
soon be extinct. Today, as we enter the
st century, the congestion of
automobile traffic has brought about
the return of street cars, in the form of
light rail systems, to many cities.
passengers, especially in view of the fact that the extension
to Westmollnt was postponed for the forseeable future. Presently Montreal
is considering light
rail lines including
one across the river, another on Bleury
and Park Avenue, and possibly other lines as well. Cote des
Neiges, being an
important thoroughfare which includes a
steep hill, would be a logical place for an electric line, for
the cars can draw extra
power to ascend the grade. So it is
just possible that in the future electric cars might once again
ascend the Cote des Neiges hill as they did for so many years
before 1955. Only time will tell. By the spring
of 1902 the attentions of the MSR once
again turned to Cote des Neiges and that unfinished
extension. The companys big project, the line on
Commissioners Street, was complete and Cote des Neiges
was the next scheduled.
That spring two major events were
newsworthy. On May 3 I the Boer War ended after more than
The Sale of the Montreal Park & Island Ry.
June, 1901
One hundred years ago, on June 20, 1901, the Montreal Park and Island Railway came under the control of the Montreal
Street Railway. The MP&I had begun building suburban lines soon after the coming
of electric cars, in fact the first line, to the
Back River (Riviere des Prairies) began operating at tlie end of 1893 when horse cars were still running on some routes
downtown. There was always some friction between the MSR and the MPIR, a friction that was intensified when the MP&I
carbarn burned, destroying some MSR cars. It was long predicted that the MSR would absorb the suburban company, and this
came to pass in 1901.
The Railway and Shipping World,
in its issue for July 1901, reported as follows: The Montreal Park and Island Ry. has
been sold
to the Montreal Street Ry. Co., the consideration being $1,100,000, which the purchasing company proposes to raise
by means
of a new issue of bonds. 1t is stated that the P & 1. lines will be modernized and an improved service put on, and that
a number
of extensions will be made, one of which will be a spur from the Guy street line along the Westmount mountain. A map
of the lines is given above.
The name of the Park and Island continued for many more years. Even after the amalgamation that created the Montreal
Tramways Company the MTC still used the name Park & Island for its suburban lines. Finally in 1918, with a new contract with
the city, the old name disappeared.
New Book
The Guide to Canadas Railway Heritage helps tourists
find over 100 railway-related attractions across the country
WINNIPEG, Man. -Where can you see the first steam
locomotive on the prairies? Stay ovemight in a refurbished
caboose? What does a school on wheels
look like?
Answers to these questions can be found in The Guide to
Canadas Railway Heritage, a 114-page guide to Canadian
railway-related museums, attractions and excursions.
The Guide, published by Winnipegs North Kildonan
Publications, provides a province-by-province listing of the
over 100 places where people can learn more about Canadas
railway heritage, or
just ride trains.
The largest number of railway-related museums, attractions
excursions are found in B.C., with 25, followed by
Ontario (22), Manitoba (14), Alberta (13), Saskatchewan (10),
Nova Scotia (7), Newfoundland, Quebec and Yukon with
four each, Prince Edward Island (3) and New BlUnswick (2).
The attractions range from a preserved station or a
locomotive in a park to huge museums like the Canada
Science and Technology Museum in Ottawa, the Canadian
Railway Museum in St-Constant, Quebec and the West Coast
Railway Heritage
Park in Squamish, B.C.
A feature
of the Guide is a listing of 191 surviving steam
in Canada, the majority of which are on display,
although some are operating and a few are listed as sunk! This is the second version
of the Guide. This new edition is
the work
of Winnipegger Daryl Adair, himself an avid railway
preservationist and member of Manitobas Winnipeg
Railway Museum, who builds on the work of Lawarence
Adams, who authored the first edition in 1993. In his
Adair dedicates the Guide to all the volunteers
who help preserve
Canadas rich and diverse rail heritage.
And just where can you find the first steam locomotive on
prairies? The Countess of Dufferin, which arrived in
Manitoba in 1877, can be seen at the Winnipeg Railway
Museum. Where can you sleep in a caboose? At the Train
Station Inn in Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia, a unique bed
and breakfast housed
in the towns old railway station. And
that school on wheels? This rail car, which graduated
1,000 northern Ontario students, can be seen in Clinton,
Ontario. The school served the children of loggers, miners
other workers for many years in remote parts of that
each week the classroom, which also contained
living quarters for a teacher, was pulled to a new location so
children living far from
towns could also get an education.
The Guide to Canadas Railway Heritage can be ordered
through local hobby shops specializing
in model trains, from
railway-related museums or direct from North Kildonao
publications by calling 1-204-668-0168, faxing 1-204-669-
9821, or writing to
Box 99, Stn. F, 355 Henderson Highway,
Winnipeg, Man.
R2L 2A5.
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Would you believe a railway mural at an ailport? Yes indeed, it is at Winnipeg airport.
OF COVERS AND COMPUTERS: Your editor would like to explain two things: the lateness of this issue and the seeming
reversion to black-and-white covers.
The computer system was recently updated with a new 30 gigabyte system. Unfortunately,
a few days later the old scanner and zip drive both failed.
By the time these were replaced and the whole system was operating
again three weeks had been lost. As for the covers, we are working on an alTangement that wil I produce even better colour covers,
in the meantime we decided to use some of our historic black-and white photos. Dont worry, colour will be back.
BACK COVER: The CNR parlour observation car Georgian Bay was the latest thing in travel in 1930 when this builders
photo was taken. Note that
it proclains that it is Radio Equipped. CRHA Archives, CanCar Collection.
This issue of Canadian Rail delivered 10 printer July 3, 2001.

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    Exporail, le Musée ferroviaire canadien est un projet de l’Association canadienne d’histoire ferroviaire (ACHF)