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Canadian Rail 045 1954

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Canadian Rail 045 1954

N,~JJ REPV;(l # 45 Montreal, Canada. ~IAY 1951>
The r~y meeting of the Association
will be held in room 920, Transportation
Building, on Vlednesday, ~Iay 12th, 1954
at 8: 00 pv1. The regular business will
be transacted. Entertainment will be provided by ~1r. Toohey
who will show ~is remaining Kodachrome slides taken on his 1953
Luropean trip. Members will recall that Nr.Toohey exhibited the
rirst portion of his slide selection, featuring United Kin~dom
material, at a
special meeting in r~rch. Therefore, the pictures
to be shown Ii11 include those taken on the Continent. 1-1embers
are invited to attend, and guests will be cordially welcomed.
It is with regret that the members and
officers of the Canadian Railroad Histor­i
cal Association Incorporated, record the
death, on April 19th, of Uilliam E. Foster.
Mr. Foster was a
charter member of the
group when it was founded in 1932, and was
one of the incorporators of the Association
in 1941. Until the advent of his fatal
illness, he had been an active and interested
member whose friendship was much valued by
his associates. His death, in his fiftieth
year, will sadden his many friends, whose
lences go forward to his mother
and family who survive him, at this time.
R. I. P.
On Saturday add Sunday, I·lay 15
MODEL RAILROADIlRS ~lEET HERE and 16th, the Northtarn I,.
of the National Model Railrr.>nd
Association will hold a con­
Vention in r.1ontreal, includine an inspection, by special train
movement, of the Canadian National Railways 1 r·lontreal Terminal
facilities. A Banquet vlill be held in the Queens Hotel, and for
those interested, there will be a trolley trip throu~h the city.
Tickets, priced at ~6.00 per person and including all activities,
and information, can be
obtained by applying by mail to:
Mr. H. A. Calvin,
7/4900 Cote des Neiges Road,
r4ontreal, Quebec.
Those interested are asked to reserve as soon as poSSible, to
avoid the inevitable last-minute rush.
The pamphlet on the Toronto subay, enclosed riith th:l.s issue, has
been provided through the oourtesy of our a~n~1nt&. Rntand LoOk~.
by Lorne Perry
20 NEVI CNR 6-4-6 TYPE
Six roomettes, four bedrooms aD~
six sections arranged in one ca~
makes for variety and plenty of
choice. The twenty cars in thjs
series are numbered 1162 to 1181.
accomodations are similar to those in the 4-8-4 sleepers
with the exception of the J{oomettes, which have all the features
of the l.Juplex Roomette plus extra spaciousness and convenience~.
These cars will be readily identifiable to railroad men by thelr
names –all twenty being in the Green series. The names are:
Green Point
Green Brook
Green Court
Green Cabin
Green Bush
Green Harbour
Green Hill
Green Lane
Green Bank
Green River
The HCape cars numbered 1082-89 are named after Atlantic
and Pacific coast capes. The lounge features writing tables, a
library of the latest books and magazines, rich upholsteries in
green, beige and copper, all provided for the travellers added
Cape Brule
Cape Porcupine
Cape Hace Cape Canso Cape Breton
Cape Chignecto
Cape Tormentine
named Burrard and
Bedford after Qasins on the west and east coast respectively,
are numbered 1098 and 1099. They will be used primarily for char­
ter trips and special parties, in addition to the cars Atlantic
and Pacific which have been in this service for some time.
The six cars in the Bay II
ser es, numbered 2022-27,
contain ten roomettes
and five double bedrooms. The all-enclosed space,as in these cars,
is becoming increasingly popular. lhis and all the other new
features appearing in the 11~1 new cars were dictated by customer
preference. The Canadian National asked 2,500 passeny.ers what
they would like to see in new passenr,cr cars, and the cars were
deSigned with the passenrers comments in mind. Thats why you
will find such outstanding features as individual heat and air­
conditioning controls, window defrosters, china wash-basins, water
temperature controls and foam rubber mattresses. The !fBayll series
cars are listed below:
Buckley Bay
Hudson Bay
Chaleur Bay
Glace Day
Thunder Bay
Fortune Bay.
llOO-H05 are the
numbers assigned to
the IIMount series cars. The compartrnE:nt is ideal accomodatioll
for two people and the five in this car provide upper and lower
berths, a movable armchair, private toilet and clothes locker am:llb
their features:
The new J
rawing Rooms are the ultimate in luxurious comfort.
There are three in each of these cars, listed below:
l-lount hdith Cavell
r·lount Robson
~lount Albreda
Mount Fitzwilliam
Mount Resplendent
Mount Tekarra
k N,,l CNR SECTION-mWROOH-DIIHIIG ROO~1 CARS Ilhere a longer than
average run requires
only limited sleepinr and dining accomodations, this car will
prove ideal. At present. two cars would have to be provided, one
for sleeping and the other for eating–probably with some wasted
space. .fhen the orders for the 141 new cars were placed, the runs
on hich they were to be used had already been selected. Thus,
the cars could be designed purely to suit the conditions under
which they will operate. Numbered 1010-13, these cars have
eight sections and one double bedroom.
Ilhite !lock Ilhite Rapids ~Ihite Oak /hite Sands
Ridin~ in one of
these cars, you
are liable to wake in the morning to the aroma of bacon frying
anll coffee perking –and vlhat better way is there to be aroused?
This combination of sleepin~ and eatinr facilities truly makes
the Valley cars hotels on wheels. Numbered 1014-19, they will
all be in service by this summer. Their names are:
Valley Ihlls
Valley Park
Valley River
Valley Road
: 9 In:! CNR BUFFET PARLOUR CARS For Canadian National use, these
I Buffet Parlour cars have 20
parlour chairs and 16 dining room chairs. A Ii10dern stainless steel
ki~chen will be able to turn out appetizing snacks or meals. The
numbers assigned are 900 to 908.
Francois Lake
Babine Lake
Beaverhill Lake
Moose Lake
Severn Lake
Radiant Lake Grand Lake
Bras dlOr Lakes
Luster Lake
I 2 NEVI GTII BUFFET PARLOUR CARS The Grand Trunk ilestern ill use
!…_ the Diamond Lake and the
Silver Lake (numbered 898 and 899). The parlour section contains
22 chairs while the gining alcove seats eight.
I 581 to 586 are the numbers to be aSSigned
to the six new straight parlour cars in
the Lake series. New modern decor, reclining chairs, sluorescent
lighting, are their main comfort features. Names are:
LJ.kc Lt!no!e
Lake Kathl.yn Lake
St. Joseph
Lake Chapleau
Lake OBrien
Lake Verde
Numbered 1337-1350
these new restauran~~
on wheels seat 40 persons at a time.
On one side of the aisle there are six tables for four, and on
the other, two tables for four and four tables for tNO. The kit­
chen is finished in gleaming stainless steel and incorporates
features not found in many homes.
For the first time, CNs crack passen­
ger trains will be able to offer del­
icLous food at budget prices when delivery of the dinette can) has
D08Il completed, The plastic-topped counter seats twenty six at
a lime on chrome and red leather stools. A shelf for purses runs
tha f~ll length of the counter.
The serving section features a stainless steel work table
equlpped with toasters, coffee makers, sandwich and salad section
and ~oda fountain. The kitchen is equipped with easily-cleaned
sta~nless steel equipment, electric refrigeration, dish washers
an·j dish sterilizers. The numbers assirned to these cars are
425 to 430.
Cevtain cars of the 141 new sleepers will be leased to the Pull­
man Company for use on runs where that Co~p~ny holds the franchise. The
31 cars which fall into this category will be assigned to
such runs as r.fontreal-l)etroit, Toronto-Timmins J Boston-Halifax, r-1ontreal-
Toronto, Hontreal-!ashington and Port Huron-Chicago. The names
of the 31 cars are as follows:
1120 Elcott 1164 Green Brook 1176 Greenway
1121 Blderbank 1165 Green Court
1122 ~xcclsior 1166 Greening 1086 Cape Canso
1123 Elgin 1167 Green Cabin 1087 Cape Breton
1l?4 Elizabeth
1168 Greenshields 1088 Cape Chignecto
1125 Ellerslie
1169 Green Bush 1089 Cape Tormentine
1170 Greenfield
1- .,r,
.L •• I Eibmira
1171 Green Harbour 2022 Buckley Bay
1172 Green Hill 2023 Hudson Bay
l:iJ<. Green Poli!nt
1173 Green Lane 2024 Chaleur Bay
l.L63 Greenmount
1174 Greenview 2025 Glace Bay
1175 Greenvale
Robert R. Brown
Ppril 1853 and it took five days to
the railway tracks. The
first locomotive made in
Canada was the TORONTO, built
by James Good in his foundry
at the corner of Queen and Yonge
Streets in the city of
Toronto. It was completed in
move it, from the foundry to
James Good was in business for a lonp, time; he was first noted
in 1847-50 and was still in bUSiness in lS87 but very little is
known about his activity as a locomotive builder. About the only
sources of information are the Keefer Report and rosters in the
reports of the Ontario Simcoe & Huron Railway and the Grand Trunk.
Good en~ines are known to have been destroyed prior to
1859 and which consequently did not appear in the Keefer Report and
it is quite possible that Good built other locomotives for the
Grand Trunk Railway which also were destroyed prior to 1859. If
this is true, it will help to explain some of the inconsistencies
in the Grand Trunk numberinF system.
A more
complete investiFation would be an interesting field
for research by rail historians in the Toronto area and one such
investi&ation is already under way, so perhaps in the near future
a more complete and a< curate roster will be available.
B&LH –

8/ 11
Ontario Simcoe & Huron Railway
Buffalo Brantford & Goderich Railway
Cobourg & Peterboro Railway
Grand Trunk Railway of Canada
Buffalo oc Lake Huron Railway







#11 12 13
16 17
141 143
4-4-0 (0) 16×22 54

0-6-0 4-4-0 0-6-0
4. 4-0

0-6-0 4-4-0

( i)
( i )
(0 )


(0 )

18×20 16×20 18×20 16×20


16×20 17×20 18×20
18×20 16×20



15!x22 66
( i) 17×20 66
(0) 16×20 60
to) -outside connected (i) inside connected
K Sc. 81
K Sc 78 Burned
Burned 54
K B Sc81
K Sc 81
K C /I
K Sc 7J
K Sc72
K Sc7l
K Sc 7J
K -Listed in Keefer Report (Railway Heport of 1859-60) A –
One gone by 1859; others nos 34 and 138 –two listed by Keefer. B -1857
rebuilt to 4-6-0. C -1857
rebuilt 4-4-0 18×20 66
u -In Keefer list as No.9
The Annual Report of the Ontario Simcoe & Huron Railway for the
year 1854 clearly indicated that the locomotives TORONTO, Srf4GOE,
HEP..CULES and SAMSON originally had 66 drivers, but apparently it
did not take the raih-/ay long to learn that slow but pOllerful
engines were more useful than relatively weak racers.
In the Companys accounts there is an item, under date of
January 20th, 1855 for £93/16/9 for locomotive wheels, and this,
no doubt, is a clue to the date of the change to 54
The Company roster, dated April 4th, 1856, sho,/ed that the TORONTO.
HERCUL;S and SAlISOlI had been chan!,edbut the SmCOE still had the
l~rgGr drivers which apparently were changed in 1857.
The four 0-6-0 freirht engines, HERCULES, SAMSON, GEO.BEATTY,
and Cillm:RLAND appear to have been almost useless and were soon
rebuilt. The first two were riven smaller wheels in 1855 and in
1857 were altered to 4-6-0 type. The GEO. BEATTY and CUI{9ERLAND
were built with 54 wheels but in 1857 they were rebuilt, 4-4-0
18×20 66; and it is probable that the larger wheels were not
new but were the old ones taken from the TORONTO and the SIMCOE
Bulletin 39 of the Upper Canada Railway Society
is devoted to an interesting history of the
Buffalo: Brantford & Goderich Railway, predecessor
of the Buffalo & Lake Huron line. The story,
written by Dr. Frank N. Ualker (whose history of
the Ontario Simcoe & Huron Railway entitled
Four ~lhistles to Vlood Upllwas also published by
UCP.S) represents research into original sources
and would be a valuable and interestinr acquisition
to any railway historical library.
Copies are available from the Upper Canada Rail/ay
Society, Box 122, Terminal A , Toronto, Ontario.
Shortly after noon on Tuesday,
March 30th, 1954, the first
rapid transit subway in Canada was
opened to the public by the
Toronto Transit Commission.
::t marked the culmination of more than four years of work by the
Jope and was an event looked upon with interest by city transport-
::.t i. ) n groups throughout the country. The work started officially
c::–. the rapid transit line on September 8th, 1949 and involved the
.73t.t:r:!.9.tic removal of parts of Yonge and Front Streets in the down­
to …… ::1 section, to construct the subway structure. Temporarily
paved with wood planking, the street was eventually totally
restored while the work of expropriation of property and removal
of buildings went forward on the northern sections of the line.
Part of the route lay in open cut rather than in a tunnel and via­
ducts and bridges were necessary at a number of places where east­
wes~ streets crossed the transit lines route.
In July 1953, the first subway cars arrived in Canada from the
builders, the Gloucester Carriage & lagon Company of Gloucester,
~ngland. The first of the 104 cars created an unusual amount of
im:,erest as they stood on railway flatcars on I1ontreal s waterfront
ihile fJIontreal t::; rauio sLations urged the citizeno to g.o and look
at them, as they were +iable to be the only subway cars ~Iontrealers
would see for a long time. They were referring to the oft-planned, rt,uch
talked about and discussed sub left the planning stage.
Soon the cars were being received regularly in Toronto, and t:::·
~~~.lst units were shown at the Canadian National Exhibition in the Qle~HI
~;vy in September 1953. The cars were hauled to and from the C.N.E.
~_~·Ot;.nds using the surface line rails, in the small hours of the day.
Such measures, however, were only temporary. Crewmen are trained,
.J5gnalling installed, outside earthiork landscaped, modernistic statl.;,).il~:.,
:iutobus and tram transfer facilities, loops and shelters received thei!
ishing touches in anticipation of the Big Day, March 30th, 1954.
As might be expected, the opening of the subway was a tremendo~s
~;llccess. Crowds formed at the stations long in advance of the publlc
(Jren-:..nC; time, and despite the unusual crush of traffic created by the
cutious, lending bulk to the mass of regular riders, no train was comp­
let€~y full, and schedules were maintained and the public served, as if
tb.:> line had been in operation for years. Above the ground, members of
the Upper Canada Railway SOCiety rode the last cars down Yonge Street,
leaving Eglinton shortly after 2 PM.
By the end of the first week of operation, TTC officially reported
that the Yonge tube had carried 1,800,000 paying passengers. This is
actually an understatement as far as capacity is concerned, for many, many
passengers paid only one fare and rode from end to end of the sub­way many
times. Of this number of paying passengers, TTC stated that
ohly twelve foreign II subway tokens had been placed in the turnstiles
in the initial seven days.
Those of us in Montreal and in every part of Canada congratulate
the Toronto Transit Commission on its initiative, its hard work and
pe~severance to accomplish this essential public work which will pay
rich r€wtl.!ds in time to come. The possibilities of the rapid transit
ra.i.J. flYSt;J11 in urban transportation are limitless j already, there is some
agltaticn to start work on the complementary Queen Street bway.
(ii!€ 01 our members, Mr. Forster Kemp, visited Toronto on the Sun­
,ldY fc,llo.:;·,1i:1e; the opening, rode on the Rapid Transit line, and later in
::h~ C.
/1 !J1rticipated in an excursion sponsored by the Upper Canada Rail­
W3.{ ::1(.ci2,:.:r~ using a single IIPeter Witt type trolley car, and a motor­
t.:a:lt.-l I~~ainlf from the former Yonge rail line which is now defunct. HJ.s
a/,~I).lI1v cf his visit and observations, done with typical thoroughness,
: ol.!..c io.,s :
by Forster Kemp
I spent April 3rd and 4th in the ·city of the subway, that is, of
c.Jur::,e, Toronto. Number Four arrived at the regular time of 7:05 AM
a,1(1 r headed for the subway right away. The entrance is at the east end
~J U·,e lO·,&r concourse of Union Station. After I boarded one of the red
;i~n.;, i~ jemained there for twelce minutes due to Signal trouble. Once
W0 -crc nndl)r way, a fast run was made as far as St. Clair. I marvelled
a, rhe s!,ations, with their gleaming glass tiles, –a different colour
schuTic lor overy station. At that time of the morning, they were being
lOrp.:-:d. ont, before the rush of shoppers and Sightseers which later be­
:;,1.(·cci it. I wonder how many other cities wash their subway station
:::i.lcrs? There are three light colours for stations: yellow, grey and
gre~n. Three dnrk shades are used for a narrow top band, and all letter­
i.. … g except that on the top band. These contrastcolours are red, black,
f,~ 10 and dark green. So, there are four yellow stations (Union} rUi1dc.J…<.~
:. Llor and St. Clair) but the first of these has red headlining and
:. v~. ering, the second, green, the third, blue and the last, bla;:;k.
A clock id provided at the end of each platform, so it is easy:,,)
..;.T~(;h your progress. There are newsstands in all but two statior.s. 1..> ;.
:. … :tions also have telephones and lockers for parcels. EscalatOl~s e …. ~
?Y.}/:.ded at principal stations, but in most cases they accomplish onl …..
d.·~j01:t half of the upward journey to the street.
In the first paragraph I cut off my northward journey at St.C111r.
~Iolth of this pOint, there was some signal trouble, so after a nu.:.b0:: ::If
– x1. riO: stops I arrived at Ep:linton at about 7: 30 AM. I took a look a:~o.:..nG.
1·,.: spacious terminal which is located there and re-boarded t.he ear:~
L:-t)j1. On the southbound trip I rode in the first car, and was very
; L t … rested as we stopped at every block signal down to the portal above
,C~, :lair. At each signal there is a box containing a telephone, so -uh:tt
{ .. ~ t . :nen can pull up to a restrictive signal and report to the towerrr.aI1.~
:~~ latter Can pull a lever which supplies a yellow call anI! light.
hft3r this is done, a key can be inserted in a slot below the phone box
.~.J_ ased to retract the trip which will apply the brakes if run through •
. ], i~ ?rocedure, known as keying by was done for some half-a-dozen
f j FTldls. After that there were green blocks and a fast run to Union
~,.;Oion , time 8:03 AM.
This trouble did not last all day, but it recurred about 5:00 PM to
a lesser extent, resulting in serious overcrowding at the already-packed
.-~h1el1 Street station, which appears to have been made too small for the
;..r: . .:fic it handles. This station has only one level. Stairways come dmm
fr)m the street into entrance lobbies on both sides at platform level. A
a3sage joins the two beneath the tracks. There are entrances into
~atons, Simpsons, Woolworths basements in addition to the reeular exits
and this makes Queen Station one of the busiest on the line.
Trains are mostly of four and six cars with a two-man crew. A motor­man who
is on the left side, in the front, and a guard, v/ho sits at the
rear of the second or fourth car, opening and closing the doors. The
latter blows a shrill whistle before closing doors, giving ample warning. The
tunnels have fluorescent lights throughout their full length. ~~ the
stations, every fifth fixture contrains incandescent lights, apparently
for standby lighting.
t The scene as a train enters is as follows: Passengers on the plat­
form peer anxiously down the track in the direction from which the train
c~mes. As it approaches, everyone steps back. There 1s a rush of air,
~Ju.r. not as much noise as you would expect. The train rushes in, and as it
~A~ses the centre of the station, the brakes are applied and the train
.:ni:les squealing to a stop. (The brak~s are apparently of the disc or
l:,I variety, for the sound in stopping is like that of an RDe car).
B:e:yone hurries inside, the guard blows his whistle, closes the doors,
~~ll the train draws smoothly out of the station (except for the cars which
!YI;;; incurred flat wheels during the training period).
here were a great number of sightseers on Saturday and Sunday. Six­
~~.i.J.. trains were run and they were full of children who crowded to the
, .. 1,.1. of the first car, ran between cars (until the doors wero locked),
~f:ir from the handstraps (they make great gymnastic appliances) and often
:·i).!~ from Union to Bglinton all day finally obtaining a trflnsfer for the
:lk~nY.lard trip, all on one car ticket!
Thousands of lorontonians found D. new recreation in riding the
sUbway on Jundays, but I spent most of Sunday, April 4th, on streetcars.
The UCRS ran what they called the last trailer train in [Jorth America If
excluding interurbans, of course. Ac.. lly, there were three cars,
qS they also had a big Brill, No.266B, along with former Yonge motor
:ar 2932 and trailer 2783. An interestinf routing was planned out,
using little-used lines, mostly in the west end of the city. Curious
stares were given the procession as it passed along such streets as Lake­
shore Road in Long Branch, Old Weston Road, St.Clair Station, Danforth
Avenue, and others.
memorable scenes took place, such as at Humber Loop where
several members took pictures of John Mills as he took a picture of 2932
from the roof of 2668, or at St. Clair Station, whure No. 2932 crushed a
ventilator against the overhanging station roof. This car was low in
f:-ont, high in back, and the stt.tion is not built for Peter tiitt cars!
Other sights seen were: a PCC with Curtis trucks (at Hillside Shops);
cursing motorists when we held up traffic to take pictures on Avenue
Road hill; the patches over the rails on the same street (we ran right
·t.hrough them!); Bob Sandusky vith a large container of Lady Borden icc
creamj the Niagara Falls, New York _ ination sign on the Brill (from
the NS&T) j No.4000 with the legend ,tLondon Transport on the side and
a large 54 in the windshield; No.2Z10 moving around the yard. I
ripped a button off my coat while throwing the switch under her j we didn 1 t
have room to clear that long overhang –that is when you need a
Montreal switch rod.
The weekend in Toronto proved to be most interesting, even more so
than I had expected.
Diesel passenger service as inaugurated
late in 1·1arch between Hamilton and Buffalo
on the Toronto Hamilton & Buffalo Raih…-ay.
announcement in Montreal says that the Canadian Javelin Foundries and
Nachine Works Limited is asking Newfoundland for a charter for a 40-mile
railway linking its labush Lake ore deposit with the Quebec North Sho:-oe
and Labrador Railway at a point about 224 miles north of Sept Isles.
I,ast spike ceremonies were held by the QNS&L in the middle of February
at Schefferville.
It is reforted that Canadian National Railways will likely begin the use
0: diese -electric locomotives in passenger service in the Maritimes,
~n the fall, twelve passenger units having been ordered.
Construction of the new $25,000,000 CNR Montreal hotel is due to start
0:. June 1st, unless turned down by Parliament. It is rumoured that the
nc.;,me Queen Elizabeth Hotel has been proposed.
~<-.r.adian Pacific SteamShips recently announced that it had ordered a
~,{;ond 22,500 ton, 2l-knot passenger and cargo liner for the North I.tlan­
…. ~. L services. One ship, to be named Emprtss of Britain is already
l~Lder construction on t1~e Clyde, while the second is being built by
11 … ch.ers-Armstrong Limited. Each vessel will carry 150 first class and
<)~)( tourist passengers, with 380,650 cubic feet of cargo space.
::::FS REPORT: Editorial Office:
6959 De lEpee Avenue, Montreal 15.
Editor: Orner S.A. Lavallee
Asst.Editor: Douglas Brown.

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