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CRHA News Report no15 december-1940

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Canadian Rail no15 december-1940

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Ntunber 1L5 December,1940.
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The 3ULLETIN Of t he
(
:II STORI CAL ASSOCIATION
Canada No . 15 , Deceillber , 194C.
T3 I ETSRCOLJ2JILL RL I V::AY
1832 – 1876
by
A. Seton
Pa rt II
An attempt wi l l be in this
Provincial Rail way P
8rt to wi th those
Construct ion
par ts of this whi ch dir-1
852 -1866
ectly con cer n t he r utur o Inter – , col oni e.l
ra t Lway , na.n.sLv -t he
T ,.., -Ye -1C
r
0- the Imper La.l Oove rrr-.
_ J.J.:; . -..:, Grand Trunk Roi Lway in Canada (in-me::-t
— 1,,0 ti cn guar ci dent cLl y ) t he :-rmv Brunswick Rai l -Bn
iJee an Inter CO.LOnlal Rallway wPy R0 lma
• . t-, , _A , .L. IJ .. .1 …… …… U c;, …. : .l l V. v .
a ccor ci nz to th e pr opos aLs of the Tlh , Lat t er 1 1 1 tr vat cd th
U

.- ….. r… lJ ·….. v ….. :…I t:.: lJ c….;. v .i …t::
Br i ti sh Nor t.. Provinces or ::;:)tc;st Lcnzz th 011 lg t o t hc ra ct
-,… . , 1 1 1 I11h f 0 . – –, J. v – –

y K1__AC a opes or l lUc wns +0 be
lJ
–S
1:..-v lJ _…. . ..:.. …… .l. :.. .. :-1 V l:i .1…. V .J.
0 – s uch a
v 1:.:…. »or etod Lnto t h·…, mai n Linc 0· t he
• •• • 04- .. – 1 ,- _ .J . .1..l. — .L … —
. errter-pr r s , .but 1 v ceran-Intor col on t cI I Lway , ond the rcct
1 t el.Y 01d not ar.ni hdLat e t he colon- t h::t Hor ::.) me t er i aLs .:::r o avai Lab Lc
iel desires to authorize , to the details of its
and o)crat e railways. Colonial construction Men –

8 S J os e )h Howe, Francis tion wi l l be of -cn0 sub-
Bincks, Geor ges Car t ier , were wel l wi th the Im-a
ware of the advarrtages of t:-li s pri-::.l Ccv ernracnt up to 1867, 8S
most 20der n =ethod of transporta- well as B general sur vey of t he
tion , end f el t t hat thei r provinces activities of t he provin -c0
111
d not c orsoet e i n the wor ld of ces in t he early 1860 I S , t o pre-
indus try, trade, and commor ce VIith- pa re a backgr ound f or the final
out r ai l weys . Closely connocted of the Inter col onial Hi
th tho Uni ted States and Grp-at Ra i Lvay , and to cornp Lete the story
Britain , countri0s now con- t o 1867 .
C
d b ,,1 t -,-
st r -ic t i ng re i l ways at an OnOYi:l0US aIL:. a egan ammecaece y 0 autn r
_ … v.l.J.J …. _ prov;rlc_
as must orize the gree. ter ?sr t of her por-, ,_ .;.. …….. v .L
h av e becn C011s;1 -ab l ,! t nrIuenccd t i on of the main t runk l i ne through
c v -, .1. … -_ …. 1…0. • J.. …. … h H
y t ne S ) ; 7i t o· t hc ·c·ur-rent r a i 1 -t he .:;rovinces. Sir .i.rancis -Lncks
;.,; c; . _….._ .L …… …. …. …-u Cl-• Tr , .,-
l
>Tay -bul l d
i
no er a 6. CCO dl ngLy t .he had ne t a l:.ir .Jacks on of t he .drassey
• – – c –J.J.-o , r t rn .1 h,
D-,., , ,, C. ada N,-, B . w
lJ
, l IT:: of ral_way cc.rst ruct or-s W.l 1.8l
.-ovlEves or I . /oJ r UJ.1S lC._ H 1 d h t Lt -,-
r , -. , t1 In an , Wlt. !1e r esu1. vnU.v
r-• i … 4j, ,… ; ……. C r,, n r-,
Gone. , ….. __ t rmmeui a e_y, lilessrs.Pet o-Bet ts ,JacY.:son and Bras-on
rnei r own rm t i etivc, commonced say wer e given a cha r ter t o con-
pol i c ies of railway con- st r uc t Grand Trunk Railway of
s t ruct i on . tnder th2 impetus of Gnna de Sarnia to Troi s Pi st –
t hi s
th2re occurred tho oles , east of city (1) .
era in Canadian railway Tbe necessar y legislation was en –
bu
i Ldi ng , r oughi y r r on 1850 t o 1800. acted in 1852. After many finC::lci::,l
(
The 3DLLETIN Cf the
C.;~SADL!I_N RAILROAD :IISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
~ont~eal, Canada No. 15, Deceillber, 194C.
T3 IETSRCOLJ1JILL RLILV:AY
1832 -1876
by
Leo~ard A. Seton
Part II
Provincial Railway
Construction
1852-1866
An attempt will be ~ade in this
Part mnrely to d8al with those
parts of this movemen.t which dir­
ectly conc?rn the futnro Inter-
colonial ra ilviay, nSd-:;ly -the
The refuss.l of the Il!lperial Gover~l-Grs.nd Trunk Rr;ilway in. Can9da (in-
ment 1::: 1,352 to sanction and guar-cj_dentFJlly) t]-~,; :-J8W Brunswick Rail-
antee an Interco:onial Railway d h –
1,vay, -n t, (] Iovf:l Scotia Rnilv!ay. accorcir.:.:!:
to the proposals of the h 1 tt 11 b d
~ -… -0 n c~r wi e tr at:::; c.t the
Bri tisD Nort __ k;~erican Provinces
gr08tcst 12ngth, owing to tho fact
e~fectively kill~d all hopes for that its m1in line WQS to be incor-
an early connencement of such a noratod into the m~in line of the
reiJ-v,ay enterprise, but it defin-1–t l 1 R 1 d th f ~
-n 8rco_onl~ ~1 way, an e Du~
itely did not ar:.nihilate the colon-th<::t I!10r3 Illctf:ri::lls:::ro aV8ilablc
ial desires to authorize, cons~ruct, 9,~rt,inj,ng to the det::lils of its
and operate railways. Colonial construction s~d op~rstion. Man­
statesmen, as Jose)h Howe, Francis tion will 81so be m~dG of th8 sub­
Hincks, Georges Cartier, were well se~lcnt n~goti3tions with the Im-
aware of the advantages of t:1i s pr-ri-::l Gov,~rnIJlJnt u-p to 1867, as
~ost 20dern =ethod of transporta-well as a general survey of the
tion, Gnd felt that their provinces econo~ic activities of the provin­
c0
1
11d not C or:r.pete in the world of ces in the early 1860s, to pre­
industry, trade, and comnerce 1I1i th-pare a background for the final
out railw2.ys. Closely connocted cc:::n-pL3tion of the Intercolonial
with tho Dni tad States snd Great Rail,ay, and to cOE)lete the story
Britain, two countri0s now con-to 1867.
strlcti~g rcilways at an enoraous Canr::da began L:m1ediately to auth-
rate, th~ Canadian provinces must o~ize the grea~er )srt o~ her pOI:
have boJell ccnsid(
5.bly influencod t~on of ~he maln_ tr~!nk l~ne ~hr~U€n
oy tn~, S)l ii t o~ tn,-,. curr·,n ….. rai 1-t:e .?rov1nces. Slr i
1
ranc1s Hlnc:s
~.:. c; . __ _ ..L ….. t.. . … -u -r .-, .,-
Jay-buil~iin.c: ora. AccordL1g1y, tho h~d l.J.et a l:.ir .Jackson of tne .dra~sey
. _,., . ~ ~ ~ , B-1 ( f1TI1 cf railway cO~1structors whlle
P-,-ov1nvos O.L Canedo, N.N rU11S,lC.~,. 11: 1 d T h t ~ t ….. , 8.-­
~.c.-T <=l Q t ~1~ t rlPd·~tely 1n .:...Jng an, ;,1t __ !1e .LeSU-L ~n l,
c:.n ,1O,:~ ,-,co ~::-:,~..l.._l?~ 1.11,1;.:,;10. .lvIessrs.Petc,Betts,Jo.cY.:son and Bras-
on -:;helr own ln1t1atlvc, Com::11811Ced say ~.!ere given a che.rter to con­
ino.:vidu2.1 policies of railway con-struGt t13 Grand Trunk Railway of
struction. Under th2 impetus of Gnnada fros Sarnia to Trois Pist­
th
is cE~husias:.: th,=c:e occurred tho oles, east of Q,lebec city (1).
tirst €==-3at era in Canadian re.ilwo.y The necessery legislation was e:::­
buildi:rlg, rOllgh~y fron 1850 to 1880. acted in 1852. After mO-ny fino.nci:;,l
6.
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er
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GO Tc. ;-.n-e n + OT Cari a de …. }-, :; r +h·.,s ,,··y – 1 <;: ...,, J-8 59
…….. v _._ … t:: c-,_ … …… … IJ J.. 1->. _ 1…… ….. L.<. , 0 _..1.J - V ......!. . ... .J l.a. l . un ·3 , ccc.o Le t e d n 1 0 …. ,…. -;.:r· ·,n -on Sus scx: 22 . ,T 12 59
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[: – .. .: -. ..- … • T 1 … f l .) ( I 1 r-…. -l-.et S :::) r _ ,;;., n •i1 .-…. 4A 1 I 0
_ , _ c: . C u U L o u p , ., es eas t 0.:. _0 1l11._.Ug. , 0
bec ene t t e ea s t er n t er-: IrLs COY.1;,1:3t ed t 11G li::1G from St .
…G -r.l • 1=1 1 J- e t· 1
.. OI :;:le -r 2..LQ rrunx nay. C:1l1 -::;0 …;,n.C;Qlo.C, craoun ll1g an c .J.. r o
::-.e S2.::.2 f i ::r:L ci: English cont z-a c-: l e8 rai Les , In 1861,the totcI nmount
to::3 had al so t he Govarn- on construction gnd other
of New wi th its r e – wss
S0t:r ces ac ility ,and ,2ccordingly ?V, whi ch works out ct 2 rate of
in 1552, entered into a contract to per milo . A sh ort accazt
b::i.ilc. the 3::u:lswi ck »crt ion of of the New Brunswick way in 1862
t:-:e 01j Eurooe en & A.:::ler ican st at es t.n-t i t W2S of suuer i or
; :;: 1:::;.:;r f::OllJ.- t :le M:::ine Boundar-y to
t :.? Sco-cia Boundary (2). w,-:;11-b:,11:.st8d,with yjid,Jr cuttings
Surveys we::e c02yletod in 1853, th;n t ho Scou:J.
1 c -h 0 Q .- ,..,.,eye…. -L ad >-r …. d n C d ….. l, – -, o
,.._. .!.._.:. ,I , cy l _.n _ 1 110 8 ,s.nQ,Gni)rOlOrO,V.L V
ed t he t i rst sod on Sept ember 14 , not so much f or yearly up-
anri ds t much l ocal en thus ie. sm at St. hoLdcnc e -::nd impr OVi. J ohn,.:.L B.(2). C
ons t r uct ion tmmeoi a -: It wi l l be noticed t hat the rail-
t
ely pr-oc eeced , but in t he next yeerway con st ruct ion pol i cy of New Brun-
theiincnci:J.lcrisis,universo.lly o.t _swick ,as thuscarriedout , didnot
t r i oLwed to the coinci de with the IDperial Govern-
— t d. I l 1
t he cont ro.c tors to ce:J.se t he ir s eSlre lor an
, , l -RRllway baQPd on co nSlde
r-
….7
V J..
C e,
…_1 .1.
work
…….
accomp , shed tne . ,>OJ
v • ••
v –

_ . –
…. 1 .::> .
T
I.J….;.. c::; / J..:._ ,
. -( :, ,….. i- – between n-cton on ations,but rather sp.sm.ed to be dir-g
-;. v .:1_ j _ . …… 1.J …… …..l. C v – ..I …. ll v … .L. , t d ,tb n , :: .
. h e, ;J _-. :,, …, R -d Sh di a ec e towaras e I U..:..I 1 1.ment or t he C)
L;•• _GG1GCOG._. l v< ..8 aac, Eur-ooean & Nort.h s cheme ..c ,r:m ·
T h 1 d S . t . ,1 .. – – .L_… -0 .. 11 _.•
on tr e i .wni r e 0. initiated e.t the Portland Conven-
smeI l cmourrt of
p.rading had be en per -t ion. New Br unswt ck couLd not DOSS-
f
o:c:.:ed at t he St.J ohn end. i bl y have sunk over four mi l l ion

18 56 t he con tractors definit p,l yd ollars in a 1i lle u p hp.:::, east coas t ,
f .,O;:-,l the contract, and the for 1phi ch the former a l terna t ive
GC,lver n:::er.:.t of
Brunswick purchss-would have called . The great major –
ed wh·<:; -c ::, cad ther e Vl2.S for the S..L11 i t y of her ,;>o)ulat ion ,.::!:ostly agri-
of fron t he said contract- culturists,were centred i n the west,
ors ,G:ld oDsrations under in the St.John ValleY,as wer e like -i
ts ovm Three COf:l-ovis e her principal towns ,St.J ohn and
mi
ssionprs were appoi nted in 1857, Fr ede r icton. St.John was the premipr
und i n t hat year the se ction betwren90r t,and any railw8Y constructed in
Monct o.l Sheoi a c was cO£Dlete d the provinc e,for the province,ffiust
under a cont ract whi ch h9d let have connect ed wi t h t h at city. New
on
.f-1.1gu s t 1,1856 . A f ur ther :,?i ece ofBrunswick NElS ne v er vr=:ry partial to
t hr ee 2 i les ou t of St.John eastward t he north-east shore rout e ,for her
wes OD
ened on ;:,II,9r ch 17,1857. I n the principal i nt eres t s l ay i n the souib

i!I2y , the three first appoi-18.l1d in tho St.John Valley,wh ich was
t
ed corn.;Jli ssioner s wer e re-pL::.ced by i deal for agriculture,the provinces
Ecssrs.R.J8rdine,R.C.Scovi l l ,snd foremos t obcupation. I n the mean-
retai ne d their t imo ::lothing was dOl1GSb011t the )or-
until J une, 1865. t i ons between St.John and Me.i ne ,and
pQrt of t he road Moncton an d Nova Scotia,until 1864,
wtict .,-e.s t o be bu ilt .it t h:.t timc v.hen surv::ys w::;re authorized for
<;s c;o;::-,,,p12 t eQ i n t he follovting those stretches.(2). Companies Vie,:::,,::;
(2) f or:ned to construct prnc –
(
c5.i::-=-::8~lties,c.r:d after r:lsny 10[H;s S-.~.Jol;.n -RothGs:J.Y: 9 :ni.June 1,58
f:::C:~,: :;:–~e Govp;::-rE:ent of Ca!l2.da, the :;cth·:}so.y-:S:.i:1?ton: l~) ~-;li .JUEO 8, 59
::-8. i l· .. ·2.J c::::s co;;:plet e d) in lS6e, t ~ 3·:.~.~8 ton -Sus sox: 22 mi .Nov .12 , 59
5iv::e::-e
du Loup, 120 miles east of Sus~ex -Eoncton: 45 mi.Aug. 1,60
::u3;::2c,,-:hic[: bec2:,le tl;,e eastern te::–T~is cor:l..:·lc:ted th8 11:18 fron St.
::-.i::~s oJ.: ~j,e Gr2..LQ Trunk Rs..ilvray. JCi~l1 to ShGdio.c, ~lr1ountil1g in c:ll to
::-.8 se.::.8 fi::-r~1 of English C011trac-1(8 m,j.l::;s. In 1861, the tot:.;l nrnount
to::-:: held also ir:J.Oressed the Govern-e})cmdjd en construction <;nd othor
sect of New 3run~wick with its re-ccpit:Jl invest~cnts wss ~4,548,564.
so~:::,ces a~d ability,and,accordingly 59, which works out 2t 3 rato of
in lS52,entered into a contract to $42,116.3~ per milo. A short QCCazt
o:.l i 1.: the ~iJew 13runswi ck 90rt ion of of the New Brunswick R~ il way in 1862
t::-e old Suro088n & IITorth L:1er i can st:J to s thq tit W2S of supo rior
:s.:; t h~] f::ozi.. t:le M~. ine BOU-1d8.ry to qtt:~ 1i ty ,wo 11-ou i 1 t ,wo ll-dra i ned,
t::e:; ~:-cv~~ 3co-.:i8 Bound.3ry (2). w,:;11-b:,118.st8d,with yJid,Jr cuttings
Surveys v.re::-e CO!T91eted in 1853, IEd 8!!1b-::nkIYFnts thJn the NOV:l Scoti::;
~:J.d Ll the S:J.f:l8 year ,Lady H83d turn-::.nd CJn}di·:::n lines ,s.nd, th2reforo,
ed the first sod on Septem,ber 14, not costing so much for yearly up-
amidst much local enthusiasm at St. hold3nc8 ~nd improv0msnts?i.(3)
John,.:.LB.(2). Construction irrJIl1edia-It vill be noticed that the rail­
tely ;Jroce8ced, but in the next yeerway constr
1
1ction policy of llJew Brun­
the fincnci~l crisis,universally at-swick,as thus carried out,did not
tribL~ad to the Crime~n ~2r,obliaed coincide with the Imperial Govern­
the contre,ctors to ce:Jse their o~er_me~ts desire for an Intercolonial
2.ticns. Of the work accoI!lpliShed~theR~.~hvay,based on :milita~y CO.:lsi~~r­
gr~:t0I D3rt :ay betw~en Moncton,on a~lonszbut ~ather ~A~~~? to beaalr-
. rc. P _.:..:; i,., R C) d Sh d ected lJowaras the l.lu.Ill.illent or -;;he
~-.~ :,T-G ~~ lJ.~,OQ_ … ~ 1 v<.r ~n ·.r .I., e. LlC, ~u~?pean & North Ar:lerican scheTIe
on _,or v.I..I.lllllocrl.nd Strc.l t, vl.hlle 8. lIll ~ia ted e.t the Portland Conven-
small smoun t of frading ha d been p8r-t ion. New BrunsVliclc conld not DOSS-
foy:;:ed at the St . .John end. ibly have sunk over four m.illion
I~;, 1856 the con trac tor s defini t e lydollars in aline u:p hp.::.~ eas t C02S t ,
retL~ed L,O::-.l the contract, and the for v·rhich the former alternative
G(lvern:.:1ent of ~~ev Brunswick purchss-would have called. The great major­
ed 1Yh·sc 2.oad there VIes for the SlL.U i ty of her ~o~)ula ti on ,,::!:ost ly agri­
of ~450,ClO fron the said contract-culturists,were centred in the west,
ors,G~ld cO~-;lenced oDerations under in the St.John ValleY,as were like­
its ovm sUJervision ~ (2). Three com-wis e her principal towns ,St • .John and
missionprs were appOinted in 1857, Fredericton. St.John was the premipr
und in that year the section betweenport,and any railw8Y constructed in
Nlor.cto.l i?nd Shediac was co:noleted the province ,for the 9rovince ,mus t
under a contract which h9d ~~en let have connected with that City. New
on A1.1gUSt 1,1856. A further :.;,iece of Brunswick was never vr=;ry partial to
three 3i18S cut of St.John eastward tho north-east shore route,for her
we s OD ened on l.I.9r ch 17,1857. 1:1 the princ ipal ill tere s ts lay in the soum
follo~vi[l..g i!Ioy) the three first e.PPOi!-Gl1d in the St .John Valley, which I!DS
ted com:::nissio:J.8rs Vlere re9L::.ced by ideal for agriculturo, the provinces
Eessrs.R.J8rdine,R.C.Scovill,snd foremost obcupation. In the mean-
George Tha~cs,who retained their timo nothing was dono about the po::–
pOS~~iCLS until June, 1865. tions between St.John and Maine,and
T::e re::::,] ining l,)Qrt of tile road Monc to n en d Nova Scotia J un til 1864,
wtic:: Vlo.s to bo built J.t th.·) t time v1.hen surveys w~:;re authorized tor
F<;S co::::m18teQ in the follor.ing those stretches. (2). Companies Vie::-;:;
sectio~s: (2) for:ned to construct theE,but prac-
nc cn i ng r;8S constructed ccu.;c be ::: 0 tJ.::ke ma t t ers
to C;:mf 2dor etio!1. At t.hi s wcrse, no member of t he bccr d h:;.(-
.;-.–;::, .C, ,,,,, Brunswtck 0 3 111Y 1. 1 y knowLe dzre
I,.., ….. v v , ….. __ -..J _ .-;:,. ,. _ .. vJ..LuK ….. …… :. c;. . ..J-………l.._ •.J –U ….r.. , ………. … .. … Jl – G- …… .. J
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:i8. 3 ur.oer t hc GeneTel (2). -yet Cl1ey viere exp ect>
r.-t-…. T owi Ca r -v..ll . o d t o suoe rvi s e the er r t ci ent co::;.-

.• co _
Scotia. likevlise cer -Ly rcrrau -struc ti c n vI i: I t ha s been
13.t od r.or own policy of r-a i Lway a coy].t j nuous st ory throughout

she had very definite 2o.i::D t ho s e who know
idees 83 to what she required and matter s
·,h2:.t she intonde d to construct.The the vi t cL o nd mo s t Lmpcrtant s c.y ,
policy W8S to const r uct just so nJve been subj ected to
much of t 20 corrt ernpLa t cd main line much mi smc ncgement and unwis e
of
t he I:_. Jrcolonial Railway a s co -policies on this cccount.

hcr own i n tores t s and On UQY 4 , the first contract for
as ley h oI rosources. Hali-grc:ding W8S J une
:>::.:x ,thc cap tt a I an d foremost port , 13 ,18 54 ,the fir st sod v.rc;, s t urned
rr o.. wh i.ch J.cy provincial ra i Lway :It Richmond,just outsi de of Halif8.x
entsrpr i se W8. S bound to commence , (7) , which V19S to rema i n t he Atlc.n-
wa s
to b c co nne ctcd everrtueLl.v wi th tic t e rmi nus f or some t 1:;_e t o come .
Tru:ro and thence to the v a.l.uabLc The CommIsslcner s first Repor t ,
mining Gree. of Pict ou Coun t y j and drted Feb ru-rry 6 , 1855 ,c.6.dressed to
al s o ,;rith the s ettled farming dis-the Pr-ovm c t eL Secret::
y,suITl!lc:rizes
trict of Windsor and Annapolis on t he of work acc02Dl i she o. i n
the 38.Y of Fundy side of t he pro- t he n L;e mcn t.h s prevLo -i s > :; nd st a t es
Vi nc
e. th1t beOD for
Lcgt s Le t i on o.uthorizing co-op,::;r-three s e ctions,extendi::Jg over t en
et i on wi t he other provinces for mt Le s .and th1t eighty r::.::. les beyond
en Int8r colonic:l Railway rJS wi th-have been surveyed . Four mi les hsve
e nd
lfc:2
rsdrmvn ,c.nd in 1853 :::m oct passcd be en compLs ted, run da i Ly
i n t h:: provi nci cI Lcg i sLa turo croa t-rro:n the depot to t he f our-mi l e
i
ng t h e; Scoti8. ?i::,i lvTQy (4) . hous e. (14) .
SU
:;Jp12illeEc,::ry the f01- ::,luch di r r i cu t ty v.rr: s exper i enced
l01.,ri.::g cuthor i ze d the construc -dur i ng th:: i n i t i ;.1 s t c.ges of con-
ti on ll1I-Ys Ln t be c rovi nce n-:strue;t i on oiri r:-g. t o tao t hr:t
>.I _V … ..i-.1. . … …- , …… -… l: – ..I. v ..
. . h, ….ny emcankment s hIQ ;-0 be -….ormcd

slng of 3. Loan for such con -…. -v … . –.. v J. .!,j
s t ruc t i on. ROy!J.l asserrt IYO.S give:c. c.cross the numerous arms and coves
to t .hi s on Mr:ych 31 ,18 54 . Tho r a 11-of the har bour bas i n , rlnd t hr::t muc h
v2Y t o be placed in t ho chargo rock end gravel had to be removed,
of b c-rd of comrm ssf.oncrs , of whom owingtothe rockynat ure of the
the chiof ,Mr .Joseph Howo,wcs a mam-country. To a dd t o the axpofiso , the
ber of t ho governmont . In or-dcr to cost of Lcbour os N :iS r .?port·od,w::sj
t ot e up this pos i t ion ,Mr .Eowc rc-one-third higher ony t i me
s i gncd tno oifi ce of Pr-ov i nct cL 30c- duri ng the previous 20 yecr s . The
r 8t
ry. His were Me s s r s . cost e stimQtod to be nbout
J .i
Ec C
ully,Nm.Pryor,P.N.Cunningha.1l, .-£7840 per mi lo for gre-ding ond per-
J
.E ..AndersoD,and T.S.Tobin (6). m.incnt W,1y . _6._ t C:ip;J0r2ry st c tt on
According to t heirfirst report, an d ·:;ngi.ne houses.rwer-e being er ec-
they met for the first time on Ap – ted ,··.t t he He,l i fe:x t e rrm nus vnn d t wo
ri:: 5 , of the same ye8 I lOC01:lOt i ves hcd been ord.;rod f r om
Th
ey hed much work to do. Th ere Scot18nd. AlreadY ,one locomotive
we s an staff t o organ – wes in opertion,togethor s ev-
ize, .:l:cld cher e were contr2.ctors .1:ld rol ot ho r i te:;;.s of
skilled nor :::-:::.en to be found before r olling stock,such plo,!,

operat ions 98sseng2r t r ucks
vr::,zgons .
(
ti22~ly nc~n12g ~as constructed
~T~or to Confederation. At this
~&~a,t~3 ~aw BrunsTIick Railway QTO­
;e~ ~as ~~dcr t~c Genaral SUPGri~­
tend~ncy of Lewis Carvell.
~~()va S C oti a 1 i}(evi se erlrly for~:Lu-
13. t G d l:c r ovm pol i cy of ra il rvay
eu ilc.i ng, c:nd she ha.d very def ini te
iG(~e.s 8.S to w::at she required and
.That she :L:1tonded to construct .The
policy W8S to construct just so
::uch of tho contemplated main line
ot the I~_. ~;r colonial R,3 ilvray as co­
i~8iCad ~i~h her OWll int~rests and
as lay ~ithin hor resources. Hali­
:ax,thc capitol snd foremost port,
f:to~~ y,rhich J.-cy provincial rsilwey
en t~r pri se HS s bound to CODLlT12 nce ,
~as to be connGctad eventually with
Truro and thence to the v~luablo
mining arGS of Pictou Dounty,and
[llso 1/i th tho settled farming dis­
trict of Windsor fJ.nd Annapolis on
thc B~y of Fundy side of the pro-
Vi::1cc.
COU::c be cOr1~.~e].:::ec.. :::0 tL<:k8 r:lac+;ers
v.,eTSG,
no rn.e:nb0r of the bo-::rd h:;.c:
2.ny ~)r.:: c tic ;~l lmowle dge of rJ. i1. .. ;[.y
r~L~V-i·l[;I?(:::» -YA+-T8y-,-p.-e eXT,:·,t-
……. , l. … _ –c. –. J I.J v …… J V, _ _J – – •
r:d to sup8Tvise the efficient co::;.­
structicn vf ;~ r.il..::y~ It hCs bSe:1
a
c;o~tjnuous story throughout C~ll-
2di<:n history th~t those who know
le~st ~bout pr.cticcl mJ.tters h~ve
th8 vit::.l Qnd ~;lOst import::nt sc-y,
~nd rilw~ys ~Jve been subjected to
much IllismJf1..c.ger.1ent and r:l~}~1y umvise
policies on this account.
On llQy 4,the first contract for
gr::.ding w::.s advertised}cnd o~ June
13,1854,the first sod was turned
<>,t Richmond,just outside ot Halif8.x
(7), which W9S to remain the Atlan­
tic terminus for SOl:1e ti-,,_e to come.
The COTImissicl1ers first Report,
d·ted Febru :iry 6,1855, Cl5.dIessed to
the Provillci::!l Secret~ry, sUIYJ!18.rizes
the o~ount of work acc02plished in
the nL~e m,,nths l)TAvioJ.s, ::;nd st:-:: t.:es
th1t contr~cts h~ve been ~et for
Lcgisl-::t io n .::u thori zing co-op·:; r-thr 88 sec ti ons ,extend 2.:16 over ten
etioa wi ~l~ the othGr provinces for mi.les ,r:nd thlt eighty r::::::.les beyond
an Int~Tcoloni::.l Railway ~3S with-have been survayed. Four miles hGve
drmvn,c.nd in 1853 ::In Jct ,.:).3 pe:ss::;d been completed, ;::nd!fc::.:rs run d::.ily
in th::: proviDci~~l Logislr: ture cr02.t-frO:~,l the depot to tho four-mile
ing the :0Tv.-·,, Scoti8. R:-:,ilwJ.Y (4), house. (14).
SU:;Jpla11.cn-c.::ry lcgisl[~tion the fo]-:~iluch di1ficul ty v.r;.;s eYp3Tienced
lor.ri.::g y:::C.r :::u thorized the construc-duri ~~ th:: in i ti::.l stc.ges of con­
tion of r:;.ilvmys in the province r:;nc:.strue;tion o·irir;.g. to the ~:J.ct thr:t
C:C:: T?;:..sing of 3. loc.n for such con-he–::vy ombnnkm,::mts h~-,-d to be formed
st:ruc tiOD. Roy!)l 3.ssent l,vo.s gi vcn1cross the numerous ·2rms :lnd coves
to t11i s on M<;rch 31,1854. Tho rs il-of the h<.:rbour basi::1, rmd th8t much
F2.y -os to be ple.ced in tho chctrge rock end gravel ho.d to be :~Gmoved,
of C~ bo1d of cor;.ill1ission(~rs ,of v.hom oNing to tho rocky no.ture of the
the chiof,Mr.Joseph Howe,wcs a mam-country. To add to tho axpoflso,the
bor of tho govGrn…11Gnt. In ordor to cost of l-:::bour,c..s N,}S r:,ported,w:.s
tate up this position,Mr.Howo rc-one-third higher th3n ~t ony time
signed th~ office of Provincicl So~during tho previous 20 yeers. The
r8t
n
ry. His colleagues were Messrs. cost w~s estimated to be nbout
J .iIIcCully, Vim .Pryor ,F.N .Cunningha.U, .-:£7840 ge r mile for grs.ding o.o.d ger-
J .E . .Anderson,and T.S .Tobin (6). mc;.ncnt w·1y. A te:-il;Jor2ry stotiO:l
According to their first report, :::md ;ngine hous6s::we1:) bGing erec-
they :set for the first time on Ap-ted ·-.t the Hctlifr::x ter:ni!lus ,~nd two
loconotivos h~d been o1d~rod from
ril 5,of the Sill~e ye2r
They he d ml.lch vrork to do. There Scot18nd. AlreadY,o::1e locomotive
VIas an e:J.p;i::1eerir-6 staff to organ-wo.s in oper tiol1, togetho:c ..i th sev­
ize, end there Here contre.ctc rS1:ld r::l other miscGll-lle01.:~8 ::. tW:lS of
skillec Tor:::-.:.~en to be found befoIe rolling stock, such ~:s S::lOW plo,!,
act~21 con:~ruct~on operations 98ssong2r co~ches,~nd trucks ~~d
vrLr;z:gons.
-;:;::-,G (md ot 1855,ci @:ht mi Le s had t rGops . Passenger traffi c ,of
be2:: c o.ap Lc t e d t o bc:dfo Id , Op GlI Gd continued to ga i n vand s ome 50 ,Sc;4
( ,july of th t YS8..Y: , C tid ove r cer sons WGIe carr i ed during tae
60 boen 10c8tcd Rnd nlac -year (9 ) .
…………… _ . . V … 7 1:13 comp l a i nt VIa s b e i ng mad e that
.,.. – · , ·n ,; ·,·, corrtr c ct (8) Ovor t h-
c ….. v …… .1 ….. •
c crap l.ot cc portion t ro i ns wo r e now Lab our end other commodi t i es Vler e
ot four costlY,Onil1g t o a g8112r al r i s e
ec:
cl:. ….G.y du r t ng the sunmer morrth s , throughout t he markets of the world.
durin g wint3r Labourers were seldom paid any less

dur i ng the numbe r ed t han 5 sh .per duy, and 6 sh .per day
30, 563 . csrricd i ncl uded was a frequent wage. Masons usua l l y
,-
horses and w2sgons, s ingl o horses ,
mgde l O to 12 sh .per day.The average

c02 chas,bGrrel s ,boxos,b8gs ,
number of men daily employed was
c as
kp.t s , i r on 1622 (9) .
There was no attempt at f al se ec-

i r on oVide ntly a v8ry oriomy in const.ructuon.nn d t he wo rk
ext ens i ve f r ei ght t r af-wss r
eported t o be of a du rab le
f i c developi ng . I t appears ol so netur e arid i n cxceLl errt condi ti cn .
statistic s were no mani f est signs of any
l –p m IIhOT ., S …,nd TP agons W! co r. of Br idge :pi o rs
L. ..:._ v v …… …. … _ l.J t,.:; . …l. v· ·…
c _
1 . … ..:.> –
we re const r ucted oi: t he best
very one.
vr:-..s by no t only pr o-sto:J.e,i:l cluding gr anite,cnd t he
c eedi ng on themc i n L i ne i n t he dir-br i dges wor e bo i ng cons t ruc te d of
of on t he iron gi rder s . A work shory W8S oro-
:::·UJ.d sor The Engi neer r ecor v i dcd for ot Richmond ,wbre olatr –
t ec during t he yCJ.r ,1855 , t h8 r oTIn a nd other tru cks !ler e be i ng
d-:, i l y number of men empLoy r turned out . Fr om t heRep0i r s of
ed r,::s 630,tne max imum any one Stocl<.:: Acc ountfor 18 56 is obt ained
being 1242 . Such portion of the the int2rosting infoTIuation
:i.iIlC c s comp L o t ed ·:.S dc cLe rcd t he thr ee l oc omotivos ..rer e name d
to 0 0 in good or dor nnd to be 7i th-rcspoctn.veLy the IlMc.yf l ower , the

the c L eraerrt s . Sov::::rcl nor! Si r GQs?.i.rd
ll
, ond tho JoseDh Howe
Lt oms 0 0 (;:1 a dd od to the; mo t i vo A high.. s t andur d of sc r e t v w,,::s evi r
p ower 0.:16 rolling stock . d ont Ly mai.n t ni no d to do t o on the
L
ccor ding to both p3 s sengcr s hor s es
for 18 55 ,the revenue de rived been car r ied without t he slight-
p8..ssel1ger traffic was over- cst injurY ,it was reported.
wh eLmi ngLy great er t han that from Dur Ln g the ne xt t yro yC!H s,1857 -58 ,
Ireight,roughl y 11659 as agai rist mci n Li.no :nd VJi n dsor Brqnch were
k l 33 , for the Last six months . Iot a I con -.l ct od (10) . En r Ly i n 1858 uh e
revenue ariounted to£1898 as agai.nst l ino as rer os Gr <:l1d Lcke ,2 2. 5 mi .
r lLJ.:::ing
exp ens es ofJ:,996 . }_t De cem-: comp Le t od, by F:::bruc.ry 3,it
oer 31 ,18 ;:5 , however , overcf202,·q,82 t h o Trur o RO2d 31 .5 mi les
had been paid out on contracts . f r om November i t
Dur i ng l 856, the freight trarr i c c d ·-;t SChuo2l1ndio 39 miles out , end
steadily increased,but t he r a ilway 0 11 Dc c erzbor 15 ,the compLr to r oc d to
!2S cescr i bee. by the Comau s s tone r s Truro 61 .2 :ni 138 wcs brought into
s.s be i ng yet too short to command usc . In the mcrnt rmo , on the V;indsor
::-.e of the staples of the Br-mch,» Locomoti ve ccr v.en t
ccunt rv :,..,..,..-,) :….. th e Items over t he l ine on Decembe r :;1 1357 ,
u .A.. ….. v_ .; oJ -_ …. v …_b…J v J …… v …. ,

v …

v… ..;. v
vea:r
__ __

e

.l.
S t
_
n
_
t er es
.. oJ
t and on June 3

1858 the Line ,la s 00 –
_

.i … … oJ

………
r
…. oJ

v r::
0, ccnveyance o
u
….. plod
. …….
· ·
………., …._

..l..

_- c

_
-.
_

……

,—
..) ;:;
vU


1
v _
, 0
… ….. …… v …… J.,


for p U D
1
1 C
.:.

__

Ijl

o
c….
cco
….

1.1

_ l..
(
.:-y -;:;~~G (me. ot 1855, oi?ht mi18s had trGops. Passenge I traftlc, of COUj:S~
be~::: C;0~:l:olC;t3e. to Bc.;dford,opGllGd continued to gain,a:::d SOTG.e 50,6:;4
e.·,::.~L; .ju.ly of th~t yea:r,ctid over persons were carried during tje
60 ~i15s h~d boen 10c8tod nnd nlac-year (9).
cd ·J.:~:t.j0r cO:l~r::ct (8). Ovor th3 The cOrrl}?lail1t was beiYlg made that
(;c::-:l:)lc:(;od portion tr8ins ,ioro noVl labour eEd other COl~:lodities were
9,:ssi:-.g d-:-.i::y, ~o the nll…:lb3r of four costly,OHil1g to a geu;rel rise
02el;, ,-.:c.y duri:1g the SU!lrncr mon.ths, throughout the markets of the world.
c~d ttrcc during the wintor secson. Labou~ers were seldom paid any less
?>:,ssor2.gi::;rs during th,, yc::.r numbered than 5 sh .per day, a!ld 6 sh .per day
30,563. ?:taight carried includt:;d 1,)as a froque!lt vvage. Haso!ls usually
horses [lr;.d .i:2sgons, single horses, Ia9de 1.0 to 12 sh .per day.The average
~~.:. i:: ce2cha s ,b~rrels, boxc~s ,b-:!gs, tiillJlber of mcm daily err.ployed vms
·c<.:skc-:ts, i:::O!l b,:::::5, fish, lumber, tea, 162~ (9).
tubs,cows,9igs,sheep,cclvos,stoves, There was no attempt at false ec-
:!ld iron r:i15,so evidently a v2ry onomy in construction,8nd the work
extensive :nd varied fr~ight traf-wss reported to be of a durable
fic J:S dav810ping. It QPpeo.rs :::.lso n3.turc Dnd in oxce11ent condition.
110:::1 ccntempor<;.ry statistics th:t Th:-;re were no mllnifest signs of any
tl:(; its:TI..!lhors<3s :nd we.ggons, v:::,s a. Vi::;~1t of solidarity. Bridge pi,:;rs
very im~~rt2nt one. waro b~ing constructed of the be~
Gr~:dLl:~, vr:-..s by ~10P rwt only pro-stoafl, iacluding gro.ni ta ,end thc
c(~cdL:g en the m:::in linp in the dir-bridges wore bGing construct,sd of
2ctio~ of ~ruro,but 1ikc~ise on the iron girders. A work shop W8S pro­
v
:-L!:ld SOl Br:Hlch. The Engil18ar repor -vided for !J t Richmond, wlD re Dlo. t­
t(;d thr::t during the yeJ.r ,1855, th8 fOIlll ::;nd other trucks were being
::v8r-:ge dr:-, ily nwnb:::r of m;;!l employ-turned out. Fro;:-:l theRt;:m~irs of
ed r,Js 630, the mc.xiYilu::a o~l D.ny ono Stock Accountfor 1856 is obtained
d0.y being 1242. Such portio~1 of tho the int::resting information th: t
lL c c.s VTC1S COL1pL:ted i!~S dec1sred the thr(~e locomotives Here named
to bo in Good orasr nnd to be 7i th -respocti vely the rtMc.yflo;~!8r, the
st[::d~c!lg the oleElonts. Sev0rcl :10;1 Sir G:lsy-,rd, IJnd the flJos8ph Hmrel!
itor;ls h~d bCC;~l addod to the; motive A high st2!ldQrd of s[lfet~T W>;S 8vi-
!:lower a:16 rolling stock. d·:;ntly m3intnincd to d:1te on the
Lccording to the CO!llinissioners
1
rO:Jd,for both po.ssengcrs ~nd horsos
Re~ort for 1855,the revenue derived h~d been carried without the slight-
frorn. passe:1ger traffic YiaS over-est injury , it V!ClS reported.
vrhelmirlgly greater than that from During the noxt ty~O yous ,1857-58,
Ireight ,roughly 11659 as ag3iflst m~~in lj.no ::end VJindsor Br~lllch 1;210
k::33,for the 2.ast six months. :otal corl-.letcd (10). E£1rly in 1858 ehc
r3Ve:1ue
2I,101Eited to £1898 as against1L1c os f::r ns Gr<:nd Lc:ke ,22.5 TIli.
r1..LJ.:::ing eX]ellSeS 01£996. }.t Decelil-W~S comp1otcd, by F~bruc.ry 3,it
ber 31,1855, however, over£202,482 r~~chad tho Truro Ro~d 31.5 miles
had been 92 i d ou t on contracts. from Hi chmo:1d, i!l ~Jovcmb or it I1rri v-
Du
rLlg 2.856, the freight traffic cd 1t Schub211ndio 39 miles out, ~nd
steadily increased, but the rai1vvay on Dccec.lbcr 15, the cOI!m1:-;te ro~d to
leS deseri bed by the Cor!lI!~issioners Truro 61.2 :niles v:r:s brought into
s.s bei21g yet too short to command USC. In the me,-ntif:lG ,on the V;indsor
t
:-.e cc::yeya~:ce 01 the staples of thG Br·~.nch,2 loco:::1otive 0~ld c.::::r ~;:5n.t
cG.lnt:7. ;_;}.ongs·~ the revenue i tem.s over the line on ece,:rrbe:,:51, 1357,
::Ol~ -c::s year o~he:re is an i!lterest-and on June 3,1858,the li:le ~:as 09-
~::~. ():-~e of cf25 :0::: the conv8yanCeGf)~I?!led for public travel. To acCOlT_:lO-
dat e i ncr ea s ed sprvices necess- avail able f o r a double
<-.r y ) t r.s numoer of e ng t ne s had been i t vcu L d or ob ab Lv not DSy 211 the:
…. . .. –1 (iO of wh i ch 5 1 e s toc ….0 -,. ,., : -,- .::..
(
_ •• _ vO .i, 0 ) , 1• • 1.
0
./. Y.:;v.r ,r ou n.Q. 1 0 ,oS ; -.; , . 1 1
wer s of Scottish const r uction , and ever,thct sC 3ra t c passsnger
:C:: vs 1,::re r r cm Por tla nd . A raach i ne l:]j ght 03 r un du r i ng t h > SUJ:n1il2r at
sn op , c;.::l b .Lr i ck _ J..
Co
1,::_ . T_ O – r:;-..0n ;1– nti a.l. _ bu i Lc t_ nz , cc: s t Th ,-_ al_o{c;y r –
te. c. c een e r ec t ed at Ri. c nnond , but s ec t i nz c onn e c ti ons , c ou Ld not dep –
a cc;oIT.:o da..; i o n [·;as e::d on t r a r f…. i c r r om r e e o.ar or COD –
still house at Richmond l i n ns,and accordingly was
only twelve engi n es at most.obli g ed to weit the s l ow develop-
2:he passenger andfreight car s we-re mcnt or the cc-urt r y . S2rtice :10Win-
:::i}:eo,,:ise a1.:
c
::nented i n number . Cl llC:;d t wo tr e i ns ) .:;r dey f:e8h way
T1e r a i Lway vra s by nov! be g i nnrng 0:1 both t h·::, mai n 1i ::10 arid t h e Vli::.d –
t o

the dev e Lopmen t of the sor b rench . It i s of L:t .ro st to
to new i n -note t he July L –
6ustries. New brenches of busine ss D0c.31,1858,th0 of
wer e deveI ODe d , such as the s U:981y the mai n 1 i ne ted ove:: T £ 4624,
O:L, cor dvco d, t imber ,plaster,bri c ]:Cs , those of
e t c an a- -0 .,,… – com; nr:;-or The rei 1 -0 It;r <:::Z 6977 . I t as ObVIOUS I rom. cn es-
uv . , .L . v ,../J..J..C: _ ……c.) U …..–

was du e the erection of brick- t h n wGal t h and i ndus-
r;::.a::L:g e s
t aoLi.slmerrt s in the inter- t r y of t r o pr ovi nco l a y.
o .. , r cma i n t n« T.,f:ir s 11·….. +0 Confed>
Cc n s id erab Le cuan t t t i e s of .L , • . _ 1• • • i!.. o : .:! v•• _
. . , . pratlo O :.1 TXT· rn.. LnLy c onc or
u
nod wi th
-chese c rodu c t s wer e car-ri e d oy r a ll v,_… ,_ •••- – . – •• _ . • 10-
– t hc or r-ai Lwav an
U
nt o H
alifax and augmente d t he frei;:.rt . – ,., – _ . J. V :::l_ • – ./ ••-4.iJ.
;- -0 1;h.· Qr,vnIODr..;,;-0· -O-T <> -;- o.c-
rever:.ue of the r-a t l wey. .. -. . U J.. V _ ,- L _.LV,O• • U ,
c i.ng dca L tor-d ly t n i s nrl oa- , C)
About the end of 1858 ,a new t a riIT . ,,,. : ,: . .. … _.1. 0-
t -n i n b r i 1 r,l …. onLv additi one 1
wrn ch ha d recently been pr epa r e d v – – . : 11 >…: –. ! . _• c;:
caine L:.to oper a tion . It wa s design -Pl:C; 01 re i Icoist ructt on j tnat be –
– 0 • C . t ,,,,,r.>,, Pruro ..,,..,0 -;:JiCtau, occurs 0::>t t h·
ed
–0 ;h p ue .. ..,.- -,. J. – – c;: • .
, Ci.v u _ .1._ –
0
V vJ. . …. .l …i u … J. …. l ::,. . .. •••
-TC ;·f.clab .A Sc ot t and ;11Q 01 t hI.s prr r oc j so 1[; wl Ll, b e
…._ t..J __ – . v ……….. … : ,_e v , _…u (I 1:. .J-.)d – Y ……
T L –ecuT e tha–whiCr n g Cv …0_ V.l ·; ll!O••J.·.• …v .

• ,,-,,_ .. C J.:_ _ … , LJU .::> -.l .l. V • …;..1. –….1 D 1
t h p beaT and also to occurred a de –
l v _ G. _ _ -,v -,.. – ci t j,l +h , o··-.::Tti c r 0-;- t; -: …, r ORd s e Cl::re
2. I aiT r et urn to the r eve nue – -J.. . u•• ·. . :.; – -. 1 . ,1c , 0 –

was pocslbly
01 -:-1-.:::. T cr 1ormc d 1— . . r . un _. ,_ it
•• >J· . V :> _ _ 0- •• vv t f 1 1 0 — 0
..:; <:> ; ., -r: +0 D1+ –hp. rtes ontrlal arl.L rcc:?Il[;_y p s cr-a Ul op….rav10:.1,
I…G v -U C — -Au v. _ co. ( , 1) r Ot 0 d,
,,n.– i ,.-.,,,- to ,lake -·o ri i f i cat ; o;s ,c:S 1 vms :lovr conSlcrc as

… a v__.c; , _._ …. . _0 -4 _. U)l1 –h l o,·rr>c+ s c-l CO D·t-
if eXi)eri0nce Sh0111d de::;ill it necess..;.. .L ·· ·1. Vl. , – ., u :..l ._ 1J• • -0
. Iblo 3 r0gsrd for t h e r o –
ar y . vn U :l ,., , – . – .., t11 – r
r.1 • –t t o (1 0) .-v – v ,·,nu, S.L <;; X
·1. .:e e:18:.
l
neer a ll neune , t,hPt of– looh i- a
– T o . tbl o t h . , -J.. – , r 1 . -1 0
0
J a:il(s …,aurle, QIQ no 2_18ve ..a -e r ….i 0 to 1t 0 -i-h …r:, to +-0 rTl1-,(:>
. }1 . 0 1 h f h t -.L Ul!r . , . • -v -• • .J
1;.-ere.1 v:S y e.Q a a1
0
I C -anCG 0 Sl JD 1yo S 11C11 . –1C..L-p. S ,n S cord-T/00d
, – . tf 0 f –. .L .., t,
0
, . y
a8V8.L0p -eh e pass enger ,rar lC 0 t 1°m-b–0r pls– h
r lo
c1rs c – r Ti – a ov::ly
, • • 11 . , .. u .L. ,U .:….. ,;:..1. -. _ • . ….
1;h 8 RCllways Indllce t h e th.:> >.7 S nr:;-hOW.::lvr
.J…… ,_, l _v ,. !. J. 0 … J •., •
Duol i c to travel byoffer ing s

-oeedy
.
dl
.L
cu 1–y
v .
…, s
. .1. 1:,

:
c-d
.1. ;…. ..• ..

.1.
p p ,
…. v r._ ..
xp
.
– r
–:
— ::l ,-C t c–C 1 0 OY cos t t ….anth .-to ,h . 0 0
vJ..c;. ..!…. .:. ell> . … ,. H:;1 In 1;.e :?errectl..:g of
0:…. other me e.:1S· of cOl:veya:lce . On the :7a y . Clay cuttiags
t he :·;ova Scotiarailway,hovrever , thecO:lstal1tlysl i )pedLl, a:1d sl!r ing
trsi.::s all r.i.ix8d,2;1d n.o s epar -fTeshets washec 8.v!ay
et3 t -rains were prOVided , the itself was s t i ll
<;h:,; -r2SJ.l t that t he sav i:lg 0:> settli.;g . a tte:it iorl was
ti::l2 T2.S L:.variably n2utralized by thus rec;uirr:;d by th8se as
at station s to l oa d and well as by the bIpaking of r ai ls,

f r oight . I t v:a s on.lyrocent – chair s ,a :-ldpletes. Da:lage ,as l i ke –
… y 1: !:e.t 10cor:lOtives vvcr e wi se dO.:le t o bridge stTuctnres by
(
date ~~e increased sPyvices necess-available for a double s~rvice,~nd
<-.-r:y > t~_2 ~:.urcber of e.r:gines had been it ~,rO.lld ·orob2.bll not DSY all tho
-, ;:::::eG to 16,(10), of .hich si:;:y,~c.r o.round. Ic ,6.S sG.~ge3t(;c.,~ov,­
were of Scot.ish construction,and ever,that sOD3-r:ata oass8~ger tra~,s
fi-/s 1,::::e l Yom Portland. A i:i.achine l;jlght b8 run~ durin.g-the> SiliTI1l12r a-;;
shop,a substantial brick building, least. Th~ rail~8y havi~g no illter-
::e.c. oee:! erected at RichY:lOnd, but SeCtjDJ?: co~:n8ctiorlS, co).ld ~ot dcp-
e~:.~i!~e-!.cuse acco!Y.:oda·..;ion Vias e.::d on tr~fI~ic fron f.::ed3r or COD-
still wa~ting,the house at Richnond ~~tin~ lin~s,and accordingly was
o~ly hol~ing twelve engines at most. obliged to weit the slow develop­
~he passe:-!ger arld freight cars were m,:;nt of the comtry. 32r1c2 l10W in-
~i}:e,:ise a1..:
c
:ill.ented in nlEll!::ler. Cl~lG::;d two tr.si:-ls ),3r day f.:a8h way
The rai 1 v;ay vras by now beginning O~l both th·: maLl 1 Lw a~:.d th e Wind­
to ~~;,flue,:;,c8 the develop~n.el1t of the sor brench. It is of i~lt :r0st to
)rovince a~d to stimula~e new in-note that,durin~ the 9-riod July 1-
dustries. N8Vl branches of busi ness tec .31 ,1858, thr; tot,s.l rccc-;i1)ts of
vvere c.eveloDed, such as the sU},J::;ly the main lin::; aggr3gatcd oV2r £4624,
o~ c0rdrJood-, ti~nber ,plaster, bricks, w~:lJS those of ~hc ~Ni~dsor Branch
etc.,end to :ne coming of the rail-0/;rc>t
6977
. It lS ObV10US fron Uhes:
Fay Nas due the erection of bricl.;:-fi~ur,;s wh:>re th:> WGCll th a~1d indus­
r:lakLlg establish,llents in the inter-try of t!1C provi:!lCG lay.
• , 11.-),.., T~.~ai;l~ T,~rs 11,) +0 0

lfp.-
lOT. CO~lSla2::able quantlC1es of .L._: ~_,<_1~ .-..~ . u ~ _ • .-,L.:.
theSe DraGucts were carried by rail ~rat~o~ were mOlnly conc~rn0a 71~n
to Balife.x,and augmented the freig..rJt the lIn.prov:n,~:::-;,t of th0 raili2.Y and
1 th;
dovlo_p~·,:r.;rrt of traffic,and,nc-
revenue of the rai ~ay.
Al 1 8 cordi!lg1y,thls 9riod ~:iJ..l be dealt
_-_Dout the end of 85 ,a new tariff ~ — r.l _ , , •
whicj ha d recently been prepare d . ~ ~n ~ 1n brl?I. .:. ho onJ..:: addl ~ 1 ?nal
cal!le L:to operation. It was design-p1.:C; ~I rf:l.ll ?0_I~trucc10n,tnaC be­
ed ,according to the new CO:.ll:.!lission-~~T?G~ l.:u~o 8.~1a. ?lctou, ?cc~rs at th-
,–,,,. –, A S .:J iQ of ,.h·lS D-~~ od co 1 ~ W11
1
b,
ers ,oesYc a:n~~ !ci~ao co+t a~,, -v,_ .L -,.> -v ….
–, …. -……. _ ……. .; .-(;~ u ,. v, -…… v,.-:-Irrl-c …. .,d -~0Y ..!-,.., -, m()r~-
T L c:: ~lY1on … ~ ~ecure tha–iThi cr u!S ., L. .:.. -L..t.; 11!O_ …. ,,_~u.
~ ~ .J……I_ .. cJ. –,LJu::> . .j. v …… –.. 1 D 1
the ~raffic ~ould bear,and also to ~r1~g ~8h59,~~~r0.0~cu~rod_a d~-
I 1C1 t 1.~1 t ,,,., o·,,,·rtl C 1 0 t
lo.
rOad
seC1..:re a fair return to the revenue . –~-. :.; — -,-,1~., ,
vr!;,lch was POSS1 bly du ~ Co th:> TI8Vl
0:1 t1-:.e ssrvicas Performed. It was
decidet to Dut th8 rates on trial
tariff rec::ntly p18cr;d in op ….. ratiorl,
(
11) 88 it V8S ~ovr conSl-:rd as
f,,n a -in,,-~d to ,lake c,odi1icatioJS ~, i.u , ~-…. ,.
~.L L. __ ._v,___ ,… —• f~xd u·,)t.-) tnn lovrpc+ sc>lr.> corpt-
if eXueripnce ShOlld de::;ill it neces8;,.l. – . ~ -. , J~V :.(. 1. co
-lblc W1~h 3 du~ r0gsrd for the rc-
a r y . v 11 :l P ,.., , ~ . – ,.., ~ t . 11 –
t71f) • t t t (10) -u. -ass.J_J.gr … ,·v,·,nu 8 1 vX
L.e e:l:2;lneer a n.e 1me , C-~di-:.d thpt 01-111 c.hi-bio~r1 ,{J a
J-
T . t b l th -_. r, u, . – • ./f_
, ,SJi1( S ~aur 1e, Q1G no . 2 love ._a ~ r2 tio to it of thrr-; to two. Trw
~l::.e ~Elllv:3Y had a falr ch~n?e to su,),ply of s1).ch c.rticles)8 cordv!ood,
a8Ve.l0p the pas~~;nger ~ralflc of tim.b·:=-r,pl.:~stT,bric}:s,c8rri-d ov:~r
Cn.::; cO.lr~try. Rr:nl1!ays 1nd1.1ce the th. ~o0d WS 1·~,.,-(,,0s; nc hOio:>vr
~ __ ..L…. _0 l_vJ .. V.1. 0 I ….
puolic to travel by offering speedy So;ne difficulty v,::sxDrri.:,)rlc.::d
tra~lsi t 8t a 10.er cost than thst in the ~Jerfecti..lg q~ld (~orJlplet:L.flg of
o:C other meS:1S of COl~v·2yaace. On the 1?prmane~:t 1:7ay. Clay cuttings
the ~ova Scotia railway,howevcr,the constantly sli9ped in, and s9ring
trsi.::s ~i;:;ra all r,lixod,a:ld 110 s8par-freshets v.:ashec. e..V18Y e~~be.Ilkr1ents,
at3 paSse.::g~r trains were provided, ~hile th9 road-b~d itself was still
wi ~h th::; r2sJ.lt that the savi:lg o:~ settlLig. CC_lsto:;~:-c atterltion 1,yas
t~:::8 V8S ir:variably n2utralized by thus rec;uirr.:;d by th8se ::1att:->!s, as
detcrltio~s at stations to load a~d well as by the b!,paking of rails,
u~;,:;o.s~ f!oight. It v.as o.G.ly rccent-chai!s ,a2.ld pletes. De.:-:~8ge 8S like­
:;y 1::r..e.t suf~:ci8nt 10coI;lotives were wi se do~e to bridp:e structures by
Pi r–r as bc i nz 0 ::;/(, niC e-I;
:; 0 s.f fo rc.s d T:1e action of
Q
1
1s.nt i tics of r roi gh t yrJre now
:: 0 s orr e::: 0 .e.nITler: t s ve. s part i -litewi s o gr c8t0r , 8.S well a s the r e –
( i,7or l: V.:-28 sDcc-ci vo revonues deriv0Q from ell
done year in so;rce s . ,
t::….e cut t i nzs vand reduc i ng the s t esp-.:.::. tr2 nearrttmc marry new statiors
Of o::ib -:-:r.k-;,cnt c 8 0e ccnsi d – had b -:n constructed on t he; Lino
gi-ven t o – a an d tr·mi m:l f 2.cilit i os ,r,-ar c being
b r c nch .:; 0 :-i c t o1: ,s.n d surveys vrere p ro v l dc dj rncl u dtng t he sngine – shCd
I>].r i n ,-2: the sar;e y ear , a t Ri chmcnd wht cn ,eecor di ng to t he
f our lsrge wer e recRive d of
s:::d Co . ,Glasfcl.,Scot-( 13) ccrapcr c d wi t h t he

,122.-::: ng a tota L Lo c omot t v e st cck best cc nst ructs d Gll2.inO sheds in
v 7 .)-.J () __ … (, 11 ) l • .l. …….. .,t o ur 2;1d the_ . … ……..Q+ n+v cs oJ
: 82 and protection had •• __ v ,- J …
_ .J wh i ch_ v .1_. <..) ..l. -.. ..... ... ...
•. we r e….. …….. _ … v . J COS…… lder e dv unri +u . … ……. .i. 18 61 ,_pus s nnJ ge. . r … ..I.. ……… …. … _.J.. Dur,t ng …. . …. ….. v , ….
tor che t rerr;c on the road. Of all took a dcc i de d drop . wh i I o frei ght
-:( ,0 e:l g i:::es )14 «e i: e bu i l t in 8 cot-t r c r r ; c raade 8 ho a Lt.hy e dvanc e jwith
l Sll
d;5 Ot Pcrtland,and one ,No.l,at r evenue s. This wa s

Ma ss. plishod tho of de –
On F
ebruary pr e s s i o n in the Uni t ed
V: E.S aoooi nt e d Comm i s s i cner of Rail-ione d by -ene Civil ·j-Jar. The in
ways,1i2),re)lacing the old Board pa s s enger traffic wes believed due
COY:1,–j s s i oner s ,,,hi ch ha d br ought to the r s ct t het 1860 ,::2S an abnor-07
. .1..:.•1 _ ..::> … _ u , . _…… … __……. …
the r s i l.vay t h:cough the ccnstruc> mal due to i n
tt o n st ac e Tl0lS gerrtLeme n r eeLLz -: pr ov i n ce of the ?rL1ce or v,ales,ana
u ……..1. …:J uc.c. .. …. ….. .I…… ,
i
_ _
(1
…. ..-.
0
…c::.

econorri e s
………..
wer e rie : e
v
s s ar
.
y the consequent t nc r eese
…, J.: ,
in publi c
lJ… _ C..l-
r e i t 0 0 1 i ned 0 reduce the saLar t ps t raveI I i ng. Henc e ,by conpari son ,
– ; — ::: ,, -. a — 181

on acco nt t h e de–6 a poor
1. c ..J – U .1 Tl-> R … 186::> . t rrh
T i – ,,, –h o . – q .cv l ··e eporC l.or :.., es: -. e
lJ• • ,-, ..e t e legrr:n h c nnec t Los v -n Lc h hcve
,…. . U 011 +he . –
cn
;J.. . v ; . 1 _ aLr ec dy been ..ode ot s ev ercl of the
wc r k i ng ma ce t he t mo or te nt s ta ti on s 0 :h e line
_ … …… ….. .•:.J. .J. u .£. – 1. .J…l., ! ..L_
fO l .LOL-,g a:;:)Oi nt3ents:-Alexan.der enc.b le oue rrti cns to be con.ducted

as 8u ? erintendent of more satlsfcctorily,porticulJrlv
t;>: Lcc oraoti ve DeD8r t::,le:lt : George dur i na snow- atorms 0: 1 1 c s p :. .. . .0 – _ … 0 …… v …. v ……. 1o,J,…. __ -oJ ..
fe-ylor,s,,-p erintendent of t J:;,2 Traffic n,cci dent
ll
• This w1S an L.J.provel,lent
De::2rtmGnt ; Wi l l iamMarshal l ,Generalwnich h:Jd be3:.1.recom…rnendedforsev-
Ins)
-,:,;ct o ::: 0;> Upho1dence and CO:l- r:ll yesr s noVi in v:JriOl1S reports
s -c:u ction.. by t he r:ilvlGY officicls.
I :1 1859,all GX;,Jr e ss train for m2i.ls I 😉 J ..nu:::ry,1864 , (14 ) —I
and passengers had b e en Succee d ing Com-
b
ut in order t o maintai n a spae diermissioner his first r 2p ort. At
sctedu lo,it hed b2en necessary t o ssu e En –
t !.G s;:laller stations withcut fineer , sppointed by t h:;
found that t h is to t he condition of the
h3d illS:.1.Y disadvantage s in a sparso- report (16) , in which
l y sottlGc. cOJ.ntr Y,8s it was too ho found I:1:inydeficir:l1cios,es1J8ci-
(3ZperlSi va t o
add local pc..ssengor ::ll l y l,.ith r ,:;g?rd to t h,.; ) :rmo.nsl1t
trsins, an d he directed way bUi l dings . In his r eport of

a uniforrl speed st.ould Octob,;r ,1864,}lr r 3-?ortcd
00 E.do:9tC-;d by al l trains,on d that tht thA cons tCnt ·:-;n c. Nork In s

sh oul d cal l at station . beg inning t o tell very upon
=c ;:i::
the YG2.r 18 6C,the nU:21ber of the rolling stock,espocj, s.lly t hG
on tha Lina freight f1 Jt
,…. ….. …. +-h ……. …….. -h d- (l? -1 + .l-th- –

..It u. 18 Vi lli sor ….__.W.L .u ·….s u u … 0 • .;
(
st!62.t.:S, 3~d Drotection hed
~~ ~a afforded the3. The action of
~::GS~~ L,)Orl e:,::.Je.nITler:ts 1N8.S parti­
c~~:.;.~~~.;–:2·.:1·::;~:–!.g. ~Iuc~ F.rorl: V.ie.S
cone cur:L1F:. tt~ jTear in widenir,= :-:
the fi.r3s beir~ 50,57J snd 3 7,4: 5-i.
rrlJ..) Ql1~~ti tics of freight WiJrG now
litewiso grc8t0r,as well as thG re­
SDGctivc revonues derived from ell
80.1rCo2S.
t>.8
cutt:::-;::,:s,end reducing the stesp-I::. tr2 r~~8entirJ.c aer..y new statior.s
n.es.::: of e::lb8~:Cc:1e21ts. So:::~e ccnsid-h.J.d b-:n constructed on the; lino
era:lC~l /as. nc,. beirlg given to a snd trmin::;l fe.ci1i tL::;s were being
brsrlc;h to :-icto1l,end surveys vlere providr;d, includL::.g th.:) snginG-shr;d
bei::-~:? :-;~SC8. I>J.:rin,iZ the sa:~le year, at Richncnd r:hich,2ccordina to the
four lsr~e enaines ware recRived Rsilw~y R~port of J3nu~ry ~5,1862,
frc:–.~ l;ei~.sor;. 52d Co. ,GlasgcVr ,3cot-(13) cc:::np~rad fcvo·i:.~c.;82.y wi th the
J.::-~:~d ,l:la-::ir..g a toc21 10co:1otive sGock bast constructad eIl2.irlo sheds in
,-…:, )f) ~r,;;;,=-s (11) 01~ ThlCh four C:~n]d<~, ::~ld the 1.~;2S-v:-CT1 S-i-·,,-i-cs. v_ C-..J. J __ <...)J.. .... _~ ,___ ~,l _. , _ _ u_ lJ
r-~C.!eVe:r )Jere ~ow co~sidered unfi t ., During 1861,9Cl.Ss:?ngc:r tr,-:ffic
tor -clie tr2ffic on the road. Of all took C::l docided drop ,while freight
-:r-,8 e~1gi:les )14 were built in Scot-trs.ffic r,Dde 8 hC31t~y 2dvCl.:1Ce ,wHh
18:].0;3 O-C Portland,and one,No.I,at tncr.~c.s,:d r,::;venues. This 1!J8.S 3.ccorn.-
B~idgewa~er, Mass. plishod dpspit2 tha ~dvent of de-
an February 10,1860,Mr.J.~cCully pression in the United States,occa~
V(2S 8DDointed Cornr:1issioner of Rail-ioned by Che Civil Tar. The droD in
w8.ys,1i2) )re)12cing the old Board passenger traffic was believed ~ue
of C07.J:iissioners,which hao brought to the fact thct 1860 1fi2S an abnor-
the rail,Vny th:cough the ccnstruc-rnCil year dlle to the )rese:J.ce in the
. , , m, tl 1-province of the ?rLlce of V;8.1as ,2nd
G10:l sGace. -,-;lS gen emen,re2 lZ-
in/! that econo:!lies were ne eS$2ry, the consequent inCr88.Se in public
felt obligecco reduce the salaries trsvell iug. Heilce, by co:xpar:son,
0 –
to t d 1861 s8RBed a poor yesI.
I enp.Loyees, on accoun I ne e-Th r: &> 186- t IImh
,~e l1epor-c l.or i:::, s-ca es :1. e
fieit of the previous Year. 3e fo1-
telegr3)h connections 1,:ihich hQVG
lO~ed this u] by reorganizing the already been ~de nt sever21 of the
worlcing G.eP5l~t~~e~lt,2nd :-,18de the il:rportDnt stations 011 the line,will
follO,ir.g a:;:)Cint3ents: -Alexander en.Olble oDt:.:r·:::tions to be conducted
~oi~Jco~tinu~d as Su]erintendent of more satlsfcctorily,porticulJrlv
the LOCo50tiva Department; George during snow-storms,or in c~se o~
Taylor ,s-:.perintendGnt of t!::.2 Traffic n.ccident
ll
• This WS 8n L.lprOVGli1ant
De:2rtrlGnt; William Marshall ,General Hhict. h·Jd be3:.1. recoIT…mended for S8V-
Ins)~cto::: 0-;> Upholdence and COll-r:ll ye:lrs now in VJri011s reports
st:uction.. by the r:ilv.T:;y officicls.
I~1 1559,an eY.;.Jress train for ITI2i1s I;1 J~,nu~~ry,1864,(14) ..• r.J::::1es
a:~d ~Jassengers :lad been introduc::d, il-:;Donr::ld,thG 3uccGeding R~i11:lJy Com­
but in order to maintain a spoedier missioner 2~de his first r2Dort. At
sctedulc,it hed been necessary to t~2 SSU2 ~im3,H.F.P~r13y,Ci~i1 En-
,)ass t!. e s:,lsller stations wi thout r:i:leer, sppointed by tl1:; Gcv.rn:lent
sto))in~. ~cCully found that this to oscert~in the condition of the
h3d ms:.1.Y disadvantages in a sparso-ro~d,m::dG ;~ report (16),1::.1 which
ly sottlGC cOJ.ntry,as it was too he found B:,ny dcficir:llCios,Csl;8Ci-
3xDGnsivG to add local Dssscngor ~lly 1.-ith r,,;g?rd to th(~ :yrmo.nant
trsins ,and accordin?ly he directcd way O_nd buildings. In his r(~port of
th::.t a nearly uniform sPGod should Octob,:r ,1864 ,}lr .~1cDol1~:ld r;)-)ort:;d
DO c:.co:9t.;;C by all trains ,ond that tht th0 constC;1t :-;nd h;:2VY [.Tork !!s
t~cy s:lould call at cv~ry station. boginning to tell very h~~vily upon
=t::;:i:~ ~h8 year 186C,the nu:;:-abor of the rolling stock,Gspoctally tho
;~SS0~;~~S carri~d on the ~ain Lina freight ~nd flJt c:rs.
c:,~c;eGcJ~c5. that o~ thG Windsor 3:-2.::lCn (12)~ L>t .IS ~10;:t turn to tho one· r2::::J.:::ir…-
:; 2. : r>O c oris t ru c t c d by t he thi s tnter e s t wa s paid out of the

S G2 t ?, :::-..-::y, th
r.
tr ron =ruro gen:lr81 revenue of the C01L l try.
-0 t n e O Y ,,,,,+ c 001-Cc st v t r avel t n wa s 3 1. ne r
z: . r.1 r; .
(
_ ___ __ , . _._ _,–,,-_,S , __ _ _ _ =,-, … .. s ,-, cLa s s erid UkVU c
:-.-:-d -:: ,-c:J. 2::J oi n:c;;d C[[ief Eng i ncc r of s eccn d class . T:-:e gauz e throu ghout
,
··..
,,
tv.t r:
u
51,° +
,

V

.

_ _ . , _ ::>v

0

, ,–


(1
c,_
;0-
vcora
-VIae

/ 2 t r.ch e s
,
0
r
Br
Co.
ad
0 o f hi s -:l -;–;OS ,·-·s +0 over-)aUge (16) Ihe average soee c
_ ..I. … Q -v., ……v .-….J.. o…J U …. v ….. J• • v -..JJ. 0 ) . • . .cu i/ _,,,,, – –

t t G cor.st ru cti o n of thi s Li ne. rae i nt a i ne d VIas 20 .. , i .ncll1ding
1: ;—,-0 l.·:::.: t iIl sranLl. con t r -::ct s , s tops . this gen-=:r::: l des cr i p tirn
but not succG2d,:nd of t he Nova Scotia Railway,its s e –
co·
n co trpctoCQ ae rat e
(16) By
-rv > – . • G . . Iher e st i 11 , t ·: ca r t

C ·.-· 1–0 · T n I n –, v .L _ .L .. n .l.S OOk
v …. .- -. _ .4 _ – ) ………_v ,. .:…L-….._ . … Owl , ….. .. ..
rDTnc to include a brief su r vey of fur-
…. .J – ….. …… u _ ,-,,__ …. _ _ c.; …. _ ……J…….J._ _ •..• _ v
, -. -..,. t he r En t er-c oLont a) ·l-go….l·a –
r ::,·.-, r-. T O r·O····…… 1 1 11 .r:.n y v -v t.:i … l … ..LCl J… ….. ..:._6 u
-_ . – … …. . _. l.r …… • .J _ U..J v i _; . • oL._ _ ……. ……… _

r,,-. (1 7 ) Ll.Ce i ;10 tions ,whic h. toole oLa ce during this
o r i: oer Lod . Both in 1857 1858 (7)
v …… G ._l,.. l.-.u …. __.1. , lJl!.v ., .;.. LJ V … ,

bTT corrt r-ic t so tho Gov ·–theProvinces sent de outet t cns .a nd
..J …… …L ….. – _ ……. ….. ……. J 1 _ ….. , .!. ….. …….. J.,4.i. • –
t ocx vork 01.1- 01 + h , hs.nds rn 1858,addrosses, to Lond on,in t he
_ …. v ……. .J v lJ _.J . 1… v lJ .. . …. J. …… ,;J.-4.
of the and r e -let the hope of tbe of Her
to :Ele:::ling ,,,rho naturally had Ha j e s t y t s Goverl1rD.ent ,out e ach
r esi gn as Chief The case it was oblig e d t o dGc linA,
-,, . , 1 . b·-s ….at t n t …. …. h – …. h0
:::-C2a na c :0 De cor;1p _e-cGa y :..,:ay, . r ng ,,.:1 l, t 3 :::-eSOlli CeS or l, •• el,C
18 67 .ye t corm Le te d his er- were a Lr cady be i ng severely
f.Ca:lj.zetion and tinisned the r e ad on t.axed i and t ne t na t t on eL eXDGndi turo

31)1867 (17) de s o it e the :Jreval-[lust be ma Lnt eInc d with i n t he lim-
ence of ::oS; unrav our abLe weather, its of na t t oneL r e source e . Colonial
and difficulties cau s e d by a at this time believed
in Scotia. The rced was t he t tht; on ly in which to ful-
seve::ely by critics f i l hO;G of Conf2deration wa s
knew nothing,yet des – t o construct an Int
0r
colonial Rail-
c:r
:::Jed it a s v t he r i n es t hal f hundred V
r
8Y. In othrr words,the nr -ovi.nccs
=
iles of railwa y in British mus t be united before
His contract pr i ce ,incid-t:l;y could be u:,lit;:d )olitical l y .

Ta s bel ow his own The mu s t trQde Gnd
Thus t
1
,is COj-:-L1L::r ce br.:t vreon t h.;; coloni[;s , and
end scrupulous Scotsman s et a worthy un i on 1xuul d follow.
e:·:a
:::!!l e f or future publ i c servants 11 1861,Civil irl
a dop-:;,but there wer e f ew ·to cor:le th::: Unitod States, ::ll1d t :J.2 pl:oxi-
who

his con sci ent ious Ei t y of an 3ggr oss i vc :nd

t o his duties . Flemi ng J:l2ighbo
1l
r c2us!; d r:mch s.li.:rm in the
s-cill had t he great er wo rk of the colonies . At tine had
Inter colon i al Reilway ahead of hij:n b·-:on [lOt h i ng 8:9)ror:::ching tho ?Tone
c.t that time , hmvever. hundrod y3a rs of pe:.cG ,and the
n ,h 1 -f> • . , , U . t dSt t d .
,nC.l t f.e COj:lp_e -cl on 0 ,;, t tns SGetcnnl :3 es nc, angagcc up –
e: 52 r::i l es,the lcva Scotia Railway on :l none too. scrupul cu s pol icy of
:c S J :.:ou ghc to e t ot al length of 8xp·:.nsion. Accordingly,t hG tim8
These wer e built at a wa s do smed riDG for furt;hGr sug –
c
ost of or pr:=s t ion of th; necessity for the
. – ( 1 f . … .h . 1
per t , e bctwncn Qu ebec,
-n-., .-r. ,.. v. 1 Sh b ….). . . . , . .
,;, .;;.l _,-Y.cy i .e; ;:;, c:. , vO.p_ .L _.en y : S :3 Iil·:,::su r8 for ::nl .l.l C ·—ry nroS(,)c c; –
:s s1..i.e of 6.et.::::·.tc:res ,vlhicn VIe ra sold ion. ( 7). A il.lrthcr <>ddrGss to t he
.::

…..
_ -J

… …

c ….l..
. .
U
T .—–:
0


Mr s t

0., :::. :
·
)
!1
· t ….
1.J
h-::.
.;.. …. , ·. S c


..

-.,

….

I
:7)
_
(.4
_ v_
….
…_ ….u

<>rt

G….L. .I n J•• G
JI
.n
r.-.
….g ….. VJ,..v c
C
_

……
c —
v/,

b

c::..

.l.

….

_ L. t…. ….

v

.-… ……. .L ..J….. _
(
. -:: ::·~c=–:~y 2.~[.(=; const::llctc;d by the this inte::::9st was palQ out of the
~~2,vr_ S::;,::Ji:;i,:~ ?,::,,-:s.Y,thr·t froLl iruro gen8r8.1 revenue of the cOlLltry .
. ~:) ?iC;~::::l.:,tu s:;-;:vc; the; greet c02.1-Cost 01 t:~8.vel i:l 1862 was 3~ per
~·~:~~s :~~:;:… =:~ l5c~ ,S~~:–~dIord ?le:Z::..il::S mj.le ,f:rst c12ss ,rJ!ld 2~D~r Elile,
::-.~::i C·-Oli 2T-:;oin.cc;d C0.ief Engin:Jc;::::, Gf seco.:1d class. T:-:e ga
l
.1ae-throughout
~.:,-··T~ ,:-::::~~ ~ 1<,-,; In~·T ~.(1 ~-corQ-vIae;, 5 l~,oT ,...- /2 l ·-cies or BrrQ
;.1..,; –. , ::;;v0 v_,_ ………… _ …… __ ~.::..:..), L._ …. Q,:….:.IV o…J t ……. v, 0 -L
J ___
1_, va.
::~;~J,onc of his G.ltics vr;s to ov,:;r-gau9,e. (16). The sverage speed
sc;.::: ·;:;t.-:; co:-.se;ruction of this lino. maintai::1ed VIas 20 .,~.?2.,inclllding
T;-:o li:-~2 -.;T!.3 =-,:;t i.::l sr:llll contr-::cts, stops. Vlit~ this gen-=:r:::l descriptim
but t~G svst0~ Gid not succG2d,s.nd of the Nova Scotia Railway,its se-
SO· .. lC: of th,, orlain-::l co !ltrF: ctors psra te his tory :-,:.ay no,c., perhc. DS, be
-:b~ndc:::.c6 t~2i::: ~ con.tr2.cts (16). By con.veniently brought to an erid.
t~; :;;.:.d o-Z 1865,the Gov::orIL..:ont,in There still re::18ins,in t~:is part
d~snr.~s~in~ o~~~~nd ~ r~li~g ~ ID~~n to include a brief survey of fur-
~ .J – …… _ u _ -….. ….. _ _ c.; ….. _ . _. _.1._ _ .. ~ ..L v v
:.:::~:.~ -co cO:·· .. ,jl·-,t3 the 1..ork in c:ny tlt9r Intercolonial he.ilwey negotia-
:::::-:.:.
:,;r fc.oJ des iroG. (17). Accorcil1g tions, vIhic h toolc ~:Jlace during thi s
~o s-cct~t() :sw,thc work h~d to bo p3riod. Both in 1857 and 1858 (7),
9~-;:fo~~0d by contr~ct,so tho Govem-the Provinces sent deputations,and
~2nt too~ tho ~ork oue; of the h~nds in 1858,addrosses, to London,in the
of the co~t~actors and re-let the hope of ~inning the su)~ort of Her
~~hole to :l!lening,vrho !laturally had i.lajestys Govern.:nent,out ~.n each
~o r9sign as Chief Engin~BT. The case it was obliged to dsolinA,
:::,cad hac to be conpleted by ::Iay, st8ting th,Jt th9 resou:~ces of the
1867 ,:n:;t ~ileming cO::-il;Jleted his or-E;,~pire were alr~ady being severely
fCa21j.zetion and finished the road on tax8d,and thc:t ::lGtional 8xD(mditum
=~av 31 )l8G7 (17) desDite the:Jreval-[lust be mainte.inod within thG lim­
e:::.ce oI. :
lost unfavourable vveather , its of ns tion81 reSOlTCes. Colonial
a~6 difficulties caused by a ~osti~ obsnrv~rs at this time believed
y_cSS in ~Jov2 Scotia. The ::::c,ad yras thE t thr) only ~7ay in which to ful­
ssvs:::sly conde~ned by th~se critics fil th0 ho;c of Conf2dsration was
~to ~new nothing,yet en~ineers des-to construct an Int~rcoloni~l Rail­
.:;r
::Jsd it asllthe fL1.f;st half hundred V
t
8y. In oth:r words, the provinces
~iles of railway in British ~orth must bo united m8teriall~ before
~:,,::.~e-;:icsl7. His contr2ct price,incid-t>;y could be u:)it:?d )olitic811y.
en~a:ly TaB $:00,000 below ~is own The R~ilw0y must d~v810D trade Gnd
01~igj,L21 est::j::~;.::te. Thus tl~is hO~l~st CO::-:LiL)rCe b:,;tvrecn thf.: colonies, and
and scrq).lluus Sc otsI!lan set a worthy union 1xuul d follow.
e:·:a::-~!!le for future public servants Iel 1861,Civil ~:lr CO~1I:.;~1c:d in
.~~ 2.do!)::; jbut there were few ·to cor:le the:; lb.i ted States, ::111d th::: p:roxi­
Vi
{}O coule. emx,18t e his cons ci ent ious Ei ty of o.n 3ggross i YO -:;::1d w:; rl ike
attent ior~ to his du ties. Fleming n2ighbo
1
lT c?lUs:)d Euch Ql.:rm in the
still h2.d the greater work of the colonies. At th~t tine th~re had
Intercolonial R2ilway she2d of hi:i:n boon nothing 8:9)ror:ching tho ?Tono
2-t that time ,howeyer. hundrod years of pr:;:.CG ,and the
With the coapletion of this stret~Unit0d States hed be~n engagee. up-
0:: 52 miles, the iJova Scotia Railway 0n ~ none too. scrupulcu s policy of
,TeS J :.:ou.ghc to a tot21 length of 8xp:,ns i on. Accord ingl y, thG time
1~5 ~i18~. These were b.lilt at a was deemed rip~ for ~ fur~hGr sug-
cost Of :J6.791,C12.46, or ~p48,834 pr:::stion of the necessity for the
per mi:e. (16) The fina~ci2g of the r~ilw~y betwncn H~lifJX ~~d Quebec,
rSilve.y 7:2S s.c;corilplished by the :S 3 I,F>,-;SUTe for mili t·ry nro-1:(]ct­
:SSLle 01 Qst.::~·.-;;c:res, ,;!hich vvere sold ion. (7). A fllrtncr oddrGss to th8
i~ 3~gla~d far t~e ~ost part,with ~l~an ll~t with tho sase neg3tive
::.~terest st 6%. T~e greater part of reply.
of thc nr cceedcd t o
.. ; :. : – – -…. _ , ….. ..- • …;;. —- ,– ;:. ……. __ <.; i.J: _. _ J _
-;; i , J ,. ,;; QU. :-OGC en SC;:. Gc:clb or ,::..1, CV.l )C3 Cd 01
(
:,:S- -: ·1 C;- -:-QO:J{ d e so at ch c c c. – Gr ·…-·::., :I n l r-.
J

::;:;3 1i ,_ ·
· _
-;– :0 (1 ;; :1 Prov i nces . reS .. … .t .–::..,-…. …J,=, . . ., _ vt o …… _ _ • I he -_ … -oJ i O ….C -.:. IJ _…. v . .:. ·..J r:> : .L ..:-.:.,.- S
. ….. O·i. oi: er s of 1558 , 2n d ,_ _+-0 – r ,,:il._….zc d V La s t r.hon• • LJ. j _ _
t :: o:-C .;l d·:;l e g ::::t i o::l shoul d nr-oc ccd t o t:–·p ·,(·c-s s tv of .C s i fund to
.:, abou.. t…. .J h · …… _ ,-J
-::i .. –1 ……. …:i -=- ::I · 0 . h :=:;, li 1 _ – __ : ,….. , . .. v _ ., .4 . , . -.. . ..–. Q
— …. t o co ….. –be SS-cctOl.lS:J.:-: O oy C..!1·3 Prov i nce s ,
0 cu t d by . OLads t c ne . Til?:
con pos8d of £essrs . indispos8 d
;:: .: -. ….. – -T . u
01
an d S T … C>. … ; h ,-; n (10 …. hr
_ __ ••J. . -. vO v. l S , s L.J.. e
:i 11Gv ( 7 ) . to EnzLan d , r;{} .::::-e Il::::wri::-,l 1;J:: S JreD-; rcd t o
…. -. . –….
,-,-,:,–•. _,,, ro….,),..:.. 7– , …;. v _ _ .i r-eac..L. h cd..i … P IJ O ;T.; on tae. … t,;; s e , ;, _ l C:CI-….. -.; . 1-4, ….. .i. -_ ….._ .. ….. …. ……. e cc eo t .LJ. h e …..,_
. , .–b G t or. -1l hh

et we cn rea brl!:a 1n snc vt» s squer e.iv 9-8ce c upon t ..__e sr oui. >
t h e: Um t od St .?t 3s vns ders Gf seeing th8t Nova
op i n i on :re s d oc i dc d.L y i n f 2v-Scotia end Brunswicl; had assent-
0 :.1. 2: .)1 r ei1r :·1y . dif f i cu l t ed,0rld ha d even pes s ed jby 18 63 , t he
pos i
tion of during t he nec ess ary legislation .

i c e c Los ed thp. St .Lcwr enc e W8 S i-_s 8. survey by t hr ee
:is t he exposed engineer s hsd been na de e. necessi ty
• -, 0 r T·· ·– · r.1 Go .,..,-J. C!=)n -cO·
1C!.i –l 01 of -h Lonz r rorrtt er i ;1 () :y v ..ie _,:b cl l ·,….. .1 vernnenr , cne
–.. …… • l.J…. .. u…. .:: … 0 . – -• – : _ ..: n ·.l (: G . .. 1Y; ,1 , t 0;-7 h t · .p 1 t0…;

t o -ro , S8 •• – v _••_ 0 l=e …e _
….. _ v V …… ..1… .- .L J U ( . …… 1_ _. ….
O
f h i, the .:£:z) 000 000 it c0
1
11d do ::othillg beyond egreeing
– v… . __• v , J.. ., v .. ex. . , , , ()
8=tl ;Td to t he rfily to t he s .ITv ey 7,20 . Augus t ,
……. –_._1. V l…. J , – . +h _l • ..:.. . ,…, . • • t-..;. S.- ·,. .,.:,) d
l ·r· G,·j·:· ·.; 1 -::…u1d Pl ll; v,.t:rel.ore , 10 c–
___ _ (; ……. v
C
r l
,,-
U
,
oJ _ _ …… – _ _ _ …v ..:J ._
r – -1 .} ,. -000 m a s its C1l0 T .,., o,.., ,..·e se-r, …. D …
….. :l -c;:.c v , • l. !l C – — _ —-;:-_. v v l. • . 0
dc c1ined(18) , but r apcat – New Brunswick 2n d Sc otia 1ike-
cc.
Gr ey I s otf 0r of 10 , 8], se h i:Gl :;s their repre –
18 51 . T
his WA S April 12,18 62 . the Iu p srie1 Govern-

of th,:; thrGG :?rovillc r:;S :-:lent ,recog:-.:.izing his ch ·:J.rn cter :Jnd
; j .: t a !l l,. I 9) i () r·u (.0,., c in .1 r c h ,1C 01 1 l f l C t l 0 S : a d0 Q I l 11 (J to ex –
. – …. • Q – …._ – , —–C(. …….. _… –.- -4. – I . • _ 1 _ J __ .. .1. – -v – – – —F)
i il ).n .J8dite the orr:,ng srJ.e:-.:.t s the
th
0
t should contri – s81e ction accenting
auto 5/12 of th o n8cessrry expondi- his i ts re ore sent0ti ve aiso .
t
urc for cOi1structing r:n d working Ac cordi ng1y ,Sondf or d Flening was
t h
0
t t h 0 Moritino given 0 f r e e h:nd to a nd
?rovi:1ccs should dividothe r er:l:li!1..dcr, exe c ute t he r e qu ire d survey.
Ref or 8l:.ces
1 . 1
0 1
u
– · R l

l

of C-n



,
-·-
,
-p
.
…. R
_
r.l
..I.. ….I.
–·
…..
(s
:.
18 r./O 1
-, 0,
F1eGi ng: The Intercol oni31 , 1832 – 76, p . 55. r
Ol ), .-· 1 21 2 . ..L. _ _ 7
-.I • I,I .3 . : Th e P rogress of Br uns ,;,[i ck in HSigb.t y
of Progress , p . 605 .
. . Scotis : of t he Jss-;:::lb 1y, 1853, 28 31 .
5 . l e i d., 18 54:, 31 .
6 . I b id., 18 5 5, (A9P .17) , p . 142 .
7 • Jlo2ing: 99 . 56 to 59 .
8 ,
-oJ

oC() v .. ·- .
; –
0

·

S 0
f
L._.>. .
c.
sse,-:l

o_y ,
1,
·

-y)

.
17)
_
J
. -,-:;),.•
h
… _
.
0

,

–r-.. CV ..;… -J …. V •
9 .
T

,- ;
….. _ Q

. , ..:..

0

,
( –
.
3) .,….
.:-
– 2
.
::0 . 1.. 0..; .L G., l c oJ; , L ,) P . , p p • I·O .J.. .

v …:. /:,, :,- , .
.1
– l;C ( , 13) 179 …. 8 0
,
. I b i d . , Ap) Ar-dices, ) . 005 .
-. • , -…., ( . L1.) 1

1.a2.Q . , _0c -> —p:p. – , p . . .
.,- r , l a .- • ? . . , ? ( ) r:
-, J . , ..!…c Co-..J , : _ : , :.:.) . – J , :.:1 . .L.
– …… ( 1 -::>r·-r t T 7 ) :
_ v _ — . , 0 =, -,_p) . , .:._ — , p . _ .
.- I :).- .. T) 1
-v
..:… v ..:.. ……. . j _ . . …. v _ ) p . .
(
~~~~cs~~t2tiv8S of th~ ~rovi~ces
o~. r ., S~:1b.,~-:;:r-
,..: , J :~~ ~l…ll=OGC un . ~~.iG..;_._ ~1. t •• V,
~. :,r)=-,s: … d ~!l OC~Qo:~r a despa.tc~ cc~~­
·,: __ T~::!Z t~·,,2 :CS111 ting Resolutic:::.s :;:-;:S
s,:~~C to :orldo~. The Provinces ,cre
~~ct~r d21cf~tion proceeded to
E:l~L:~lC c0,.:·)0380 of ~::ossrs .~oVJ1,:,n{l)
Sicottn,5c-c,~nd Till~y. In LondcL,
~.:.!. !:;:r0E::-:.e2.1t C~·:·:.S rosch8d
1
:J11d it
S::; ,:;,,7: d : S t :10li .~h t:-: 8 R,,: il F:1 Y V/28
-:; . .:, rS:J:;,. tje:;r oii·:rs of 1558,2rld 9.b01lt +0 DJ r3:::.1ized …. t lDst, r.hon
t::=.I; a. d·::;leg.:o:tio:1. should DrocGed to t!-~e ::::.cccssLty of 8 s,~lJJ:ing fund,to
3:~:enc to Qcliv?r the colonis1 er-bc sstablish~Q by the ?rovinces,
gu::!.~~-~Cs 0 ;:!~S J1..1t fo~,:v-:r d by ~ … lY .C·~odstone. Th:::
-:..-del:c-gc-;tion conpos2d of 2;le8s1s. C:::n:;Qi?n d.:;l!:gstioD. 71:-S indispos(;d
;:; .: 1T~_~·r-·-:r_.o.. C(-h U01:i·~ Rld S T to ~CC>O .o..hl·S C·~dl··-;on ~a-8 …. h
e – 4_; V C.!.–·-V–C~-:~-; v, ,.,. ….. …;~}J. __ .L ./e;, ….. !. .. ~. . ….. U:…_ v i.J:._ u.i..1. U-L J._ ,.,~:.:…L ,-.:; lJJ..I.
:illc;v( 7) . ;)Tocc:eGGC:. to E:w:18ad, r;h.:::!:e Il::::Fri::l GovGrm:.cmt w::s Jren;rod to
:2O::S of t~; ,~~~c:::-~t J:.f~·8.irf, reached eccept 0~11y on these t:::-:2S, the issue!
t:-:-~·3:::. :::.:;:-b,-;tviSe!l Gr
t
.;:;. t Br it 8. in s.nd FB s squ8:!:ely pla ced upon th e sho1.l1-
the Uni t:3d St.?t3s W1S irr.ii:Linent, 2nd deIs of C::~l::: de.; seeiIlg th8t Nova
y:..:.::Jlic o:):i.nion ;.5S decidedly in f~v-Scotia :md -~ew BrUl:.swick hnd assent-
OU:!: of t~8 reilF~Y, The difficult ed,0nd h9G even passed,by 1863,the
posj, tion of C.~:2Q9. duriag the y.rint.:r necessary :;: …. acilitetirJ5 legislation.
~.~r~~Gn ice clos2d thr.> St .L<:.YJ::-enc8 W8.S As a )reli::l~Ln8ry S11:rVeY by three
em:9h~sizcd,DS 7Gll ~s the exposed enfineers had been Gade e necessi~
cendi tion of the: long frol1tisr. Tho by t~le I:!l)Sri:::!l Gover2:.1ent, the Can­
P::-ovir~ces oroDos(;d to :r;pise olle-rnlf D.c.:iJn Gever:rne:1t st this tine felt
., .. ~ -tb J 3 000 000 it c0
1
l1d do ~:.o thi llg beyond e greeing
01 tni3 LlG·:;rost en .. e c:>£::. , , ,
esti~-::8t:;d to conpl!te t::e rr::ilr:3Y, to the s.ITvey(7,20). !:r: August,
i,=–G,,O·;>·:-Br1·t,-·; 1 -.. · …. u1 d risp .1 11,,,, therefore, it :101!lin::ltec. S:~lldford
__ ….. (J ……. v ._ …. L…. .J _ _ …… – _ __ …. v
:-·:J.011i-n··l·,nl-y-§c~ 000. rr(l::> I:-l·:pri.l Fle::.1L1g as its c~ief reJ:cese::-~totive. __ • _ .. v , _ ….. oJ…I.. …….., – _ – ••• -…:. ~ …. • _
Gover:…:..:·::~:. t d·:)cl irl9d ( 18 ) , but rape? .. t -~·Je~,v Bruns.li 8lc ~n d Nov~-: Scot i9. 1 ike-
e~ E~::-~ Grays offer of ~~rch 10, wise ?cce)ted hi2 ns their repre-
1
851. TJ:i s V~l s c.~. t2d April 12,1862. sent:: ti ve ,:~!d the Inye:!:i;:l Gover n-
Del C!S~ tC3 of th8 thr~JG :?rovillc8S ::.lent, recog:.1i zing his cn:JI8 cte:r !lnd
,j ,l ~ t:. O!I ; …… , J I 9) ..: n r,o r,io <> C l n ;.,tr ……. C h r: :1rl
,,_.~v o.-.u.~·,-..l. __ (,u~ ~ _ – .1. .~ -.~-~;ql~fic~tions,~nd de8irin~ to ex­
~edite the arr~ngene~ts ~Gde the
selection un~niBous,by acce:)ting
hi~ ~s its reDrese~t0tive also.
Accordingly,Sondford Flening was
given 8 free h:nd to org~nize ar:d
execute the required survey.
irl SO)c,:;~-.:.b·::r. ).n -:1gre:;;:i18nt b~;ir.i.g
r~~cha~ th
0
t C~n.~da should contri­
buto 5/12 of tho necossrry expendi­
ture for constructing and working
thG r~il~y,~n.d th
0
t th0 Moritino
?rovi:1ccs should divide tho re::w.i:r…dcr,
1 .
2 ..
3.
4: •
5.
6 .
7 •
8.
9.
::0.
=-1 •
-v,
Refer81lCeS
T~Ol··-· R l·l·vs of C -n d~ –18;/-0 1 -p or.·~
..L. AU ….. ~ .. V:., :;~::. …. :., -, . _
F1eEi~g: The Int8rcoloni31, 1832-76, p. 55.
Tr01J:c: p.
121.
P(7;r1ey, .:,I.R.: The Progress of ;Jel.T Brunswick in WEighty Ye~rs
of Progress! , p. 605.
~~OV3 Scotis: Jour!:;ls of th::: J,.ss;::loly, 1853, ll::rch 28 ~;nd 31.
Ibid., 1854:, i.lr~:..~ch 31.
Ibid., 1855, (App.17), p. 142.
5lenir:g: :99. 56 to 59.
nGv,:-; Sc oti 2: Jo~;rn~;l s of th.] Asse~-:1b _y, 1555 (A99 .17 ) ,
!~~i~eers Re~ort.
2:t:d., 1.857, (A~·.). 3), :). 12.
IL)~ld., 1859, (A~JP 13),-pp. 179 to 180.
Ibid., ~2cC, Ap)8r-dices, ]. ~05.
I bid ., ~3 6 =-, U-0 D. 4), D. 1.
Ibid., 1.062, (.L~:~). 2)),~p. 1.
_ J:; c:.., lS6~, (;_P). 1, prrt II), p. ::…
Ie:;:::.,
(?:-.:~ I), p. 1.
.:… c. . 103 to 104.
-: 0
…: . : [ :.G 99 to 100 .
-::- ( .-.; ,- .–, -…., c; G (s c:c: 81 C -:: ,, 1 1 ->
lJ ….L , – v

=-:ii c.. , )-:: . 59 to 60 ..
2:, ..-.. , :,J .. 55 to 66 e
:.. vv v :: C .l. S – , • .:J . ……;

V _ _

5
I

(
_ _- ;.J …. __ ,
::?s:..-: I aiJ) ee.red Ll t l-ti: A:lgl:st, BuLl e tt n :
,.,.rill a·,)-.::,ear i n. t :-J.e :.:8.y, 190::1 , Bul let;irl.

OF

Si:i:t c:cn IS}:3!1 d 151::8 Z:..:cu:,Son of
,…. _:10
_ . -:; -: t:. .: v
3-2-)-: :-lES-: Sr; t emb:; r–2 9 t.h :
0:
. ).,
.. 2. *c Le.r:lOer t .. _ •.L .,l. •
from t he
_ ..:_:..-. . t ha t t r,e
IunrioL If!o rltr3el , to
relle Y i ts a t t ercpt SiJ:t;:;!1 Laxe , the Leu r en t iars,
se cur e t:_e suokes t ack ot a OVGr th8 ol d Csned ian

& Gre2v ill e
Northern , Gr8at Mont –
that the Associa-
f o rt-Gat i n cau Co lorlizetio2 Railways .

a67 0cate the preservs –
was given to

:.. C:.:.. 0 -; Lc cor.ot i ve , IlDu crJe5S;1 ,
t .hc IW,l 110:1 erid the

t r;o Yuz on . t nr crm-Mount Roy»1 :unnr;l . A Hvoyego 11 on

descr i oec , end illust :ratedr.ri th .th,) Lako CO:J.p L3 t3d t t 3 de y .

tr-ips t aken by t hem
narr ovr gauge
S2slarrd , the Erie and
TOI Ollt o ChJ.Dt2r
—– ,.
( ,…. -:-….. -..; -.: -…… +-;…. — -.–: …… C t:i – …… P Yl 1 1 1
v __ v,:::, v .L.l VCc J..c c=..:.r o _ a, sf 4th :
, .—- -,,,.–S··_–::: 0-> C Hawke s r s
_ …… ….; . -:.1 u .. – I 1. . 1…. …. ..:. U .t…….. …..,
iiI-;n:bcr s shrro d r-cmi n t s c onc os of
·0 l – Je C:-.:8 tr a t !.1 0
t he ir S01Ii.:J.I 3XP:;r tcnc2 S • El.:; c tion
. 0 : Oc 9th :

or 10th :
–:.:-;
__

_ ……
Q1u o -,,-I S rio t e .l
., •
I nrorma
_
!
– .
i–;·,-·i:-;
. …… …. 1 …… … __ ………… -..4.

Electio n of
:: ….. . r: 1 C G Eami1 t o -r.. t o or -:::.,d D f! KnowLe s •
1. .1. . .. …….0. • • ….-..J…. –_1 . . f …. _ .
s r.. il) .

L -0 T::e 5xecut i ve of the Ass oc i a L. –<:
ce.
:; :.:1G. ll:e S di t c r isI CO::1I,li tt ee of the
-1-
_
, 6 —….. …..-) FJis h Al l the I·;Ienb e r s ·,.n e. The ir
… : –;
r ) ————–..,
0
.:> C -….0—. …
A.;D i: =:.i:? :
……….. c: -…..-.–……………..–.. _.:..:.-
:;IER3 Y
,- 0
– .. –….. . …… :-.:. 7::;;—
.:
(
.——————–
16. ~~out: ~:. 103 to 104.
~ r: 3~::~>3e i ~-.::.: Se.~dfc~-·:. ?}.e:.~~L~l.?_ ~ r:::.) e 99 to 100.
~.::;,. ~-:=–(;~–.L-~c: ).59 (S:8 8150 ~,:.,.:;.Jcl~r:_l81s of the ASSe!rlJly,1863(Ayp.5;
_~. _:ii::…, ):;. 59 to 60 ..
2C. _Ole.., )-:) ~ 65 to 66.
?S~: I a~~eared i~ the AU91st, 1940, Bulleti~;
?2.::~ I~I ~.ril1 a-,):ear in t~e ~.=ay, 19:.:1, Bu11eti~.
-=–.:_:.:,;..:.=.~ :·ecu~.::::[;L:… . ..;d th~t Che J:.ssoc­
::.;..:::..-.:.~l 8:-.0<:.-. relleW its attfm~:pt
;;J sec,::::e t:-.e s:::okestack of a
C . .:::.ni:::c:c x G::e::TJille ::0 COr:iOti va,
S~~ d~. ~ictol:s that the Associa­
~::.o~ s~o~=–d a670cata the praserv3-
~: ::.c:.–~ o~· :;;-12 loc;o~·.J.oti ve, 11DuctJ.e5s;1,
r:.c:.-i:–l tte Yl~:cn. l·ile:.lbr::rs i~lform-
2..:=–7 c.esc~i:J8C. end illustrated 1..1th
)tc:cg~a;~s, t~ips taken by them
(~.:.::L:..; :~1-3 Sl.:t:.:.::~er; narrov! gauge
l::~es ~n ~e~ ~::;land, the Erie and
C~taric i~ the ~iag2ra Peninsula,
1 •• c·- -.• (S O~ –;:;) 0- C r T) 1:.::
a
,–1-C Q –
___ :.. :…….. _ -.4_..:. ~:: v – 1 .l~ II r II _.1. to! 1 .. ….., ~
~Q~l::~l -S·~ .. JerC~.:8 trai!J.o
~··~.~-2·~~~P 0: ()c~co-Ger 9th:
S3v~r 2l;;::;=:~b er s e.:~d. =~i ·:ilC so:;: …
t~0 ~ssoc~.ation jour~2yad from the
TU1.Lt1t>l rrrl 1<=>1 i.!ro:otic~i to –,. _. _~ _ c…~, _., ___ ~ ~,
SiJ~t·;.-;n Isle~d LalC8, the L8urentiarB,
trav~lling over ttG old Csnedian
North~rn, Great Ncrth3rn, and Mont­
fort-GatincBu Colonizetio~ Railways.
O …… T)OI·t1;li.;.y r9S oCTn TO ~r·s·:)~C+-::1_ u … _u c;-1:.,.;1_ u ___ .. …:.. v
th,2 nCiV 110:1 tl~2al T~r:;_~~12l e.nd t 11e
Mount Roysl ~unn21. A ;110Y8g0 on
.th·) La ~() cO:J.91j t 3 d tt3 dey.
M0eting sf Oc~obay 4th:
-~rI-Q ;0; T1,-::–S _ …. __ . … lJ U •. _.,.J v vc….~.., ~ . ., _Uv …. J, v
M;rr:bcrs sh::y,::d rc.7J1inisconcQs of
the irs JlT.L:.J..> r J xp: y i c; n c 2 s . E 1-:; c t ion
::slc. e·c Q,u.:·en: s Eotel, :GVi meth-of cn -~_ssist8nt S.lCrstDry and a
0-. :[c:c t~2 el:=;ction of new ::.leL~bey·s P:::,o€ra~i1 Director . .
~ .. –i-;-O -~Co n;SCUSS1~~ of )l!O:~S HlCl–lnc: r.- Oc.)..no~ 2–h
:::J!. ……. v __ .:. V ..L -.1. ….. 0 .aJ….:… I..,.U.. __ .!.: _-….-.l.. ~ … ~ ~ v … l.A ul. . l;-:-~ ~_! •
to e.cQl:.i:ce 2. 1?yojector for 10co!10-1-_Y! infoL-lSl moeting 2t th3 home
ti-;.-e
)totog:..~_~_:;;::.s snd for 20rlthly of tl1J Presid0:2t. Ilir. ~<2 -rice
il.::;:·:j:;C.~Lti.~~S;Y. dl.Cole described i.l1
1
:iLnstc:1 delivered an illustrated
.s~ s.r.:Lsi::g 8:1d :~lform8tive vJay his l,ctur-:: on ~!Electric Traction.
ex;e~iences on the old Can2.de Atla~il8eti~p of ~ovember 15th:
–;c uri l·luC.:-r· … +od h;s ~p.v. 1T.Tith —–
v_ G. – ~. …J u_c Vv -~ v ~_L-~ :;–;-Lnu3l ~.1t:;etil1:9.; of tje Ch2.pte~
~)::_otog::::)hs fro::l nis superb cO.Llec-hr,l; ·t the hone-0 +hp TrpPsuer
~:,.:;~;~~i:1r! of NOl2~lb:::: __ t 10th:
–;.:-;·i-::i-,:i QU=-c~l! s Hotol. I·rllo-r;-~a· 1 __ .-_:… …… ___ • ……….. .1._ … __ ~_ .. __
~iscussion. E_Ection of Messrs.Fred
,J>. . ………… ( 1_… L ..J.. u __ …., …J ~ J.. •
E~ecticn of directors, as follows:

Iessrs. AlJert Olver l Johrl Griffin)
AYI101d Browne, ~aurice WiLston,
:-:;er:.}-:off:;.nd C.G.Essilton to El8:;::lbor-8~ld D. W. Knov!les.
s!~iJ! .
-;..:.:~
The 3xecut i ve of the Associa -L .•. ::
Tl:e :Sci torj.-:;l CaSIll ttee of the ~>jL> –
… ~ … )~. ~:_ .• 0;
• r :i2 .I :pW :i: -I
:+8 8 :;.::; t L1Z
SLL0 Q 1.::1 1. ., f…. .
: S :;:01 :;;:;;) 11B S S 8.Il) r -r
:., ::::IOf
W!i.0.I2 • :1 J.8 l OB
GAO} U:I°i

8li 0 0 A0A· H
)
(
EDIT0RIAL CGK~ITT=E
R. V. V oIHcn.olls., C~2 il:::12:rl
,John Loye
Rob eY t r.. Brown
Jol:.:: : Griffin
Lddress all c;o:.-~~~u]:icGtior.s
l
,· .• V ~ V ~ IT i C ~l 011 s
2174 3~lerbroo}<:G ;~;t 0 .:est,
I~or:treal, ;Ue.

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