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Canadian Rail 530 2009

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Canadian Rail 530 2009

CANADIAN RAIL
PUBLISHED BI-MONTHLY
BY THE CANADIAN RAILROAD HISTORICAL ASSOCIATIONISSN 0008-4875
Postal Permit No. 40066621 E •SNTAE BELÉISDHNEDOF82
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The CRHA may be reached at its web site: www.exporail.org or by telephone at (450) 638-1522FRONT COVER: Floral gardens are in full bloom at CPR’s Montreal West Station as Delaware and Hudson (D&H) No. 9, the overnight
“Montreal Limited” from New York prepares to depart eastbound for Montreal’s Windsor Station. Even as late as August 1962, when Bob
Sandusky took this lovely photograph, station gardens were still proudly maintained by station staff and sectionmen, often at their own
expense. Robert Sandusky.
BELOW:Port Arthur Station circa 1884. This photo illustrates the ‘rustic environment’ albeit with an imposing station structure. All that is
needed to complete the scene is a station garden! Extract from the book Van Horne’s Road by Omer Lavallée.
PAGE COUVERTURE AVANT : Les fleurs du jardin de la gare du CP de Montréal-Ouest sont éclatantes de couleur en cette journée du
mois d’août 1962. Cette photo de Bob Sandusky a été prise au passage du train no 9 du Delaware & Hudson, le ‘Montreal Limited’, en
direction de la gare Windsor. Ces jardins étaient entretenus avec fierté par les employés du chemin de fer et ce, bien souvent à leurs
propres frais. Photo : Robert Sandusky.
CI-DESSOUS: Cette photo de la gare de Port Arthur prise vers 1884 nous révèle la rusticité de l’environnement de l’époque malgré
l’imposante architecture du bâtiment. Il manque là… un jardin! Extrait de livre Van Horne’s Road par Omer Lavallée.Station gardens / Les jardins de gare, Josee Vallerand and Douglas N. W. Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Railway Gardens Photo Gallery, Stan Smaill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Business Car. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
For your membership in the CRHA, which
includes a subscription to Canadian Rail,
write to:
CRHA, 110 Rue St-Pierre, St. Constant,
Que. J5A 1G7
Membership Dues for 2009:
In Canada: $50.00 (including all taxes)
United States: $50.00 in U.S. funds.
Other Countries: $85.00 Canadian funds.Canadian Rail is continually in need of news,
stories, historical data, photos, maps and other
material. Please send all contributions to
Peter Murphy, X1-870 Lakeshore Road, Dorval,
QC H9S 5X7, email: psmurphy@videotron.ca.
No payment can be made for contributions, but
the contributor will be given credit for material
submitted. Material will be returned to the
contributor if requested. Remember “Knowledge
is of little value unless it is shared with others”.INTERIM CO-EDITORS:
Peter Murphy, Douglas N.W. Smith
ASSOCIATE EDITOR (Motive Power):
Hugues W. Bonin
FRENCH TRANSLATION:
Michel Lortie and Denis Vallières
LAYOUT: Gary McMinn
PRINTING: Impression Paragraph
DISTRIBUTION: Joncas Postexperts Inc.
CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 200983By: Josee Vallerand and Douglas N. W. Smith
Railway Gardens
English Translation: Patricia Standish
Josee Vallerand has been CRHA’s Archivist since
1996. She is an avid gardener and while researching railway
station gardens for a specific project, became interested in
the subject beyond the call of duty. She has located over 50
historic black and white photos of station gardens and
proceeded to write about this little known aspect of
Canadian railroad history.
Douglas N. W. Smith, historian, author and Co-
Editor of Canadian Rail lives in Brockville, Ontario, in a
period Victorian house with a large back yard where he tends
to his own version of an English Garden. Doug’s knowledge,
research and additional photos have rounded out this
interesting history of Canadian Railway Gardens.
Our thanks to Patricia Standish for the translation
of the original article into English. We also thank Denis
Vallieres for his translation of Douglas Smith’s portion into
French. English newspaper and other accounts have been
left in their published language. We hope you enjoy this
glimpse into the cross Canada beautification effort by
Canada’s railways. M. Peter Murphy, Co-EditorJosée Vallerand, archiviste pour l’ACHF depuis
1996, est une passionnée de jardinage. Alors qu’elle menait
une recherche sur les jardins de gare, son intérêt pour le sujet
a dépassé le cadre de son emploi. Elle a sélectionné plus de
50 photos en noir et blanc de ces jardins et rédigé un texte sur
cet aspect particulier de l’histoire ferroviaire canadienne.
Son texte constitue la base du présent article.
Douglas N.W. Smith, historien, auteur et coéditeur
du Canadian Rail vit à Brockville en Ontario, dans une
maison de l’époque victorienne avec une grande cour arrière
où il a élaboré sa vision personnelle d’un jardin anglais. Ses
connaissances sur le sujet, sa recherche et ses photos
complémentaires ont étoffé le contenu de base de cette
histoire captivante des jardins de gare.
Nous remercions Patricia Standish pour la
traduction en anglais de l’article original et Denis Vallières
pour la traduction en français de l’ajout de Douglas N.W.
Smith. Certains articles de journaux et autres documents
ont cependant été publiés uniquement en anglais. Nous
espérons que vous aurez du plaisir à découvrir le souci et les
efforts d’embellissement démontrés par les chemins de fer
canadiens à travers le Canada. Peter Murphy, coéditeur.French Translation: Denis Vallieres
par: Josée Vallerand et Douglas N.W. SmithLes jardins de gare
Traduction anglaise : Patricia Standish
Traduction française : Denis Vallières
Why a Station Garden?
Station gardens first appeared in Great Britain
about the same time as the railroad network did. The
familiar sight of blooming flowers and shrubs placed the
new, and to many people frightening, technology within
the soothing context of nature and domesticity.
The Grand Trunk Railway – which was both the
largest British overseas investment and the longest
international railway in the world during the 1850s –
brought with it not only British technology and financing,
but station gardens. Two of the earliest know Pourquoi un jardin de gare?
Les jardins de gare furent implantés en Grande-
Bretagne en même temps que s’y développait le système
ferroviaire. La vue familière de ces fleurs en éclosion et
d’arbustes avaient pour effet de calmer les gens quelque
peu effrayés par la nouvelle technologie.
Le chemin de fer du Grand Tronc, le plus grand
investissement britannique outre frontière et en même
temps le plus long chemin de fer au monde dans les
années 1850 apporta ici non seulement la technologie
britannique et le financement mais aussi les jardins de
gare. Deux des plus anciennes photographies de jardins Station Gardens: Civilizing the Land
The CPR garden presents an appearance that
must be extremely gratifying, not only to those whose
labours are now crowned with such success, but also
the authorities of this division of the road.
Moose Jaw Times, September 2, 1892Embellir le paysage
Les jardins du CPR offre une apparence
gratifiante, non seulement pour leurs créateurs,
couronnés de succès, mais aussi pour les dirigeants de
ce secteur du chemin de fer.
Moose Jaws Times, 2 septembre 1892
RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 200984photographs of station gardens in Canada were taken on
the Grand Trunk in the 1850s at Brockville and possibly
Prescott. In 1868, reference is made to station gardens in
a Canadian publication known as Canada Farmers,
featuring the gardens at the Guelph depot in Ontario and
“other lovely gardens along the central division of the
Grand Trunk Railway.” The employee paid for the plants
and the company supplied the fence and prepared the
soil. The Grand Trunk was not the only early proponent
of the station garden. An illustration of the one at
Allandale Station in Ontario, circa 1860, is shown in the
Northern Railway of Canada.de gare au Canada furent prises sur le réseau du Grand
Tronc vers 1850 à Brockville et, semble-t-il, à Prescott.
Au Canada, dès 1868, on parle de jardins de gare dans la
publication Canada Farmers, tout particulièrement de
celui du dépôt de Guelph en Ontario et des “autres jolis
jardins le long de la voie de la division centrale du chemin
de fer le « Grand Tronc »”. L’employé paie les plantes et la
compagnie fournit la clôture et prépare le sol. Le
Canadian Northern Railway s’illustre aussi par
l’aménagement d’un jardin à la gare d’Allendale en
Ontario vers 1860.Cette splendide photo, la plus ancienne connue d’un jardin de gare au Canada, a été prise près d’une gare en pierres, telle qu’on
en trouvait le long de la voie principale Montréal-Toronto du Grand Tronc… Le design, composé de plates-bandes de formes
géométriques rigoureuses, entourées de buis, reflète bien le style de l’époque. Le passage piétonnier est composé de gravier et
il n’y a pas de pelouse. Le jardinier, en train d’arroser, est fier de son œuvre. Le petit bâtiment à gauche de la photo semble être la
serre d’où il s’approvisionne en semis au printemps. La clôture entourant le jardin est un bel agencement de fils métalliques et de
poteaux de bois. La voiture coach le long du quai, arborant simplement les lettres «
GTR », est un modèle ancien acquis par la
compagnie. Ce cliché remonte probablement à la fin des années 1850. Collection de Douglas N.W. Smith. What may well be the earliest photo of a Canadian station
garden is this fascinating image taken at one of the Grand
Trunk stone stations built along the Montreal-Toronto main
line. The severely formal design of geometric beds carefully
rimmed with boxwood reflects the gardening style of period.
Crushed stone has been laid for walkways and there is no
grass. The gardener proudly poses watering in his creation.
The small building to the left appears to be a greenhouse to
start his bedding plants in the spring time. The fencing
around the garden is an interesting mixture of wooden
pickets and wire. The monitor roofed coach pulled up along
the platform is one of the very early cars acquired by the
railway and is simply lettered “GTR”. The picture most likely
dates to the late 1850s. – Douglas N W Smith Collection.
Present day Canadian do not realize how drab
and dirty were the communities that our Victorian
forefathers inhabited. Public parks did not exist until the
1880s. Most communities only became interested in
developing park space for their citizens well after the
dawn of the twentieth century. Hence during the
Victorian era, the station garden was in most
communities the only blooming public space.
Canadian railways developed station gardens for
a variety of reasons. One was the beautification of the
station and its surrounding. Railway companies quickly
realized the importance of the station as a meeting place
for the community and also as a gateway to the outside
world. It was thought that if this place was warm and
inviting it would indeed be attractive to tourists and
immigrants. The colour of the station gardens in the
eastern part of the country offset the often dreary
surroundings and provided an attraction to while away On ne s’imagine guère aujourd’hui à quel point
les villes de nos ancêtres, partout au Canada, étaient
mornes et poussiéreuses. Les jardins publics
n’apparurent que dans les années 1880. En fait, les
autorités ne s’intéressèrent à l’aménagement de parcs
citadins qu’au début du 20e siècle. Dans la plupart des
villes, durant l’ère victorienne, les jardins de gare étaient
les seuls espaces publics fleuris.
Plusieurs motifs incitèrent les chemins de fer
canadiens à développer les jardins de gare, dont, entre
autres, l’embellissement des gares elles-mêmes et de leur
pourtour. Ils comprirent rapidement l’importance de la
gare en tant que lieu de rencontre pour la communauté et
de porte vers le monde extérieur. On croyait que, si cet
endroit devenait chaleureux et invitant, il attirerait les
touristes et les immigrants. Les couleurs des jardins de
gare dans l’est du pays contrastaient avec le paysage
monotone et procuraient une distraction lors des longues
attentes de trains en retard. Dans l’Ouest, où le paysage
85CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Une étude de la photographie du jardin de la gare du Grand Tronc à Brockville nous montre beaucoup plus qu’un simple
agencement floral. Brockville était une limite divisionnaire du Grand Tronc et l’une des agglomérations les plus importantes entre
Montréal et Kingston. Le jardin était situé entre la gare et la remise de locomotives que l’on voit derrière. Les plantes,
minutieusement installées, et un sentier pédestre sont accompagnés d’une fontaine, de statues et de bancs, rappelant les jardins
règlementaires de la noblesse européenne.
Ces règles rigoureuses reflètent bien la distinction entre les classes sociales de la société victorienne. Ces jardins étaient clôturés
avec soin afin d’éloigner les animaux errants car à l’époque, il était fréquent de voir des vaches et des chèvres circuler librement
dans les rues et se laisser tenter par la vue de fleurs appétissantes. La clôture délimitait aussi les espaces entre les classes
sociales. À l’extérieur de celle-ci on voit des ouvriers, probablement de la remise de locomotives ou de l’entrepôt de
marchandise, tandis qu’à l’intérieur on aperçoit des citadins finement vêtus. Certains affirment que la photo fut prise à l’occasion
de l’arrivée du premier train du GTR en novembre 1855 quoique la floraison luxuriante des plantes et les vêtements légers que
portent les gens infirment cette hypothèse. Il semblerait plutôt que le cliché date de la fin des années 1850, au moment où le jardin
fut bien implanté. Collection de Douglas Grant.A study of the photograph of the Grand Trunk’s Brockville station
garden shows much more than just floral plantings. Brockville
was a divisional point on the Grand Trunk and one of the largest
communities between Montreal and Kingston. The garden was
located between the station and the enginehouse (which can be
seen at the rear of the garden). The carefully tended plants and
winding pathways are decorated with a fountain, statuary and
seating reminiscent of the formal gardens of European nobility.
These rigid forms reflected the differentiation between the classes
in Victorian society. It was carefully fenced off to keep out stray
animals – at this time cows and goats freely wandering the streets
of most communities would view flowers as an edible delicacy.
The fence also delineated the boundaries between the classes.
Standing outside the garden are a group of labourers, possibly
from the adjacent engine house or nearby freight shed. Meanwhile
finely dressed citizens appear within the garden. While some
have claimed that the photograph was taken to mark the arrival of the first GTR train in November 1855, the lushly blooming plants
and absence of heavy coats belies such an assumption. Most likely, it is the late 1850s when the garden would have been well
established. – Douglas Grant Collection
the time waiting for late trains. Out West, where the
landscape was arid and bleak, gardens proved to be most
popular since they integrated a congenial meeting place
into a rather savage region and showed train travellers
that even these regions could be domesticated.
Another factor in the gardens was promoting
agricultural settlement by revealling the soil’s fertility.
This was a particular consideration in the arid, treeless
lands of the southern prairies. The long term profitability
of such companies as the Canadian Pacific, the Canadian
Northern, Grand Trunk Pacific and Temiskaming &
Northern Ontario depended upon the sales of farm land
and the movement of farm products and supplies. In fact,
the more people cultivated the land, the more railway
companies could bring in seeds and farm machinery.
There was a potential for long term profits on sales and
transportation of goods for the railway company.
Gardens after the 1880s were viewed as a means of
education and promotion. When the companies began
selling land to immigrants out West, gardens were used to
promote the sale of land to prospective settlers exploring
the region on low cost western excursions as showcases of
fertility and the range of products which could be grown. était aride et morne, les jardins étaient encore plus
populaires car, ils constituaient un lieu de rencontre
convivial dans une région plutôt austère et illustraient
bien aux voyageurs que ces régions pouvaient malgré tout
être domestiquées.
Ces jardins étaient aussi un excellent outil de
promotion pour la colonisation des terres puisqu’ils en
révélaient la fertilité. Un argument de poids pour les
régions arides et dépourvues d’arbres du sud des Prairies.
Les bénéfices à long terme des entreprises telles que le
Canadien Pacifique, le Canadian Northern, le Grand
Tronc Pacifique et le Temiscaming & Northern Ontario
dépendaient de la vente des terres agricoles et de la
production des fermes établies. En fait, plus il y avait de
cultivateurs sur les terres, plus les compagnies
transportaient des semences et de la machinerie de
ferme. Par la suite, se développait pour les entreprises
ferroviaires tout un potentiel de profits à long terme sur le
transport des récoltes. Après 1880, les compagnies
commencèrent à vendre les terres de l’Ouest aux
immigrants. Les jardins furent dès lors utilisés comme
outil de promotion pour démontrer aux colons potentiels
la fertilité des terres et la grande variété de végétaux
qui
pouvait y croître. Tout tournait autour des jardins de
gare! Les immigrants croyaient que si le terrain autour de
86RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009
All revolved around the station gardens! Immigrants
believed that if the land surrounding our stations was
productive then it must be the same all over!
Promoting tourism was also a reason for the
railways adopting station garden. It was no accident that
many of the most ornate gardens, which also lasted longer
than most, were found at points where tourists
congregated. Examples could be seen across the country.
For instance, as part of a policy to stimulate tourism after
the CPR took over the Dominion Atlantic Railway,
Evangeline Park with lavish gardens was developed
beside the Grand Pre, Nova Scotia station starting in
1917. The gardens expanded to include the grounds of
hotels the railway built in Kentville, Digby and Yarmouth.
Roscoe A. Fillmore, the DAR head gardener in the 1940s
and 1950s, even wrote a garden book “Green Thumbs”
for the home gardener. Large gardens ran the length of
the Canadian Pacific steamship dock at Port McNicoll,
Ontario where passengers transferred between trains and
lakeboats. Even small railways got the bug. The Greater
Winnipeg Water District Railway maintained a lakeside
park at its terminus at Waugh, Manitoba and the 5 mile
long Thousand Island Railway maintained an extensive
floral display at its Thousand Island Junction, Ontario
station where passengers transferred to Grand Trunk
trains.la gare produisait autant, il en serait de même pour toutes
les autres terres de la région…
La création de jardins de gare constituait un
excellent moyen pour les chemins de fer de promouvoir le
tourisme. Ce n’est pas un hasard si les jardins les plus
ornés et les plus anciens étaient situés aux carrefours de
forts achalandages de touristes. De tels exemples
existent à la grandeur du pays. Ainsi, en 1917, après avoir
acquis le Dominion Atlantic Railway, le Canadien
Pacifique adopta une politique pour stimuler le tourisme
de cette région. À cette fin, il créa le parc Évangéline près
de Grand Pré en Nouvelle-Écosse, avec de somptueux
jardins. Les jardins se propagèrent aussi sur les terrains
des hôtels construits par les entreprises ferroviaires à
Kentville, Digby et Yarmouth. Dans les années 1940 et
1950, Roscoe A. Fillmore, chef jardinier du Dominion
Atlantic Railway, écrivit un livre intitulé « Green
Thumbs » (le pouce vert) pour les jardiniers amateurs.
De grands jardins s’alignaient le long des quais des
bateaux-vapeurs du Canadien Pacifique à Port McNicoll,
Ontario, lieu de correspondance entre les trains et les
navires des lacs. Les petits réseaux ferroviaires se
laissèrent aussi entraîner par le mouvement. Le Greater
Winnipeg Water District Railway a entretenu un jardin
dans le parc bordant le lac à son terminus de Waugh,
Manitoba. Il en fut de même pour le Thousand Island
Railway, un réseau de 5 milles (8 kilomètres), avec un
arrangement floral somptueux à la jonction de Thousand
Island en Ontario, lieu de correspondance avec les trains
du Grand Tronc.Another very early railway garden
was that of the Ontario, Simcoe
and Huron Railway station at
Allandale, Ontario. Notice the
fountain in the centre of the picket
fenced garden. Old Schools
Canada. Simcoe County
Museum and Archives.
Photographie du jardin de la gare
Allandale du chemin de fer
Ontario, Simcoe and Huron
Railway, Ontario. Admirez la
fontaine au centre du petit jardin
clôturé. 1890. Old Schools
Canada. Simcoe County Museum
and Archives.
87CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Finally, the gardens were used to encourage
morality. Drunkeness was the scourge of the nineteenth
century and inebriated employees threatened the safety
of railway operations. Gardens filled the spare time of
the railroad workers and keep them away from the
saloons which always were handily located near the
station. Good workers would have the best gardens and
this could lead to promotion to more desirable jobs.
Later competitions with cash prizes were held to
encourage employees to work at their gardens.
Garden Design
The shape of the garden was fairly similar from
one railway company to another. Located between the
track and the road it was usually a rectangular space
sometimes divided by the station access road. It was
easily seen from either the platform or the station. There
were Victorian-inspired geometrical and star-shaped
flowerbeds.
Gardens began appearing around other railway
buildings and on the employees’ properties. Each one was
proud of his garden and there was a certain rivalry
between various employees (foreman, station agent,
trackman, switchman). Men generally tended the
garden. There was only one hitch: No visitors allowed:
well fenced, all station gardens were to be seen only, to be
admired from a distance!
The list of plants which were used in these
gardens was extensive. The following lists the plants
which appeared in CPR gardens:
CPR Plants until 1917:
Trees: Manitoba Maple, cottonwood, Russian poplar,
balsam poplar, Russian golden willow, Russian red willow,
laurel leafed willow, acute leafed willow, American elm,
native ash, native white spruce, Colorado blue spruce,
Scotch pine.Les jardins étaient aussi un moyen de
sauvegarder les bonnes mœurs. En effet, l’ivresse était un
fléau au 19e siècle et les employés en état d’ébriété
mettaient en danger la sécurité des opérations
ferroviaires. L’entretien d’un jardin devenait un moyen
pour remplir le temps de loisir des ouvriers du rail et ainsi
les tenir à l’écart des tavernes, situées le plus souvent à
proximité des gares. De plus, ceux qui avaient les plus
beaux jardins devenaient des candidats de choix pour les
emplois les plus intéressants.
Plan de jardin
Le design des jardins était sensiblement le même
d’une compagnie ferroviaire à une autre. Situé entre la
voie ferrée et la route, le jardin occupait un espace
rectangulaire parfois brisé par l’accès routier vers la gare.
On pouvait ainsi le contempler autant du quai de la gare
que de la gare elle-même. Les fleurs étaient disposées
sur des aires en formes étoilées dans un ensemble
d’inspiration victorienne.
Les jardins apparurent aussi autour d’autres
édifices ferroviaires et sur les propriétés des employés.
Chacun était fier de son jardin et une certaine rivalité
s’établit entre les différents corps de métiers
(contremaître, agent de gare, cantonnier, serre-frein).
Les jardins étaient généralement entretenus par les
hommes. Les visiteurs n’y étaient pas admis; d’ailleurs,
les jardins étaient bien clôturés. En effet, ils étaient
conçus pour le plaisir de l’œil, mais à une certaine
distance!
Les jardins abritaient une large variété de
plantes. Voici la liste de celles qu’on pouvait admirer dans
les jardins du CPR.
Plantes utilisées par le CPR jusqu’en 1917
Arbres: érable du Manitoba, variété de peupliers tels que
russe, baume, etc., variété de saules tels que russe doré, russe
rouge, à feuilles de laurier, vif, orme, frêne indigène, épinette
blanche indigène, épinette bleue du Colorado, pin écossais.Garden at Canadian Pacific Railway’s Fort Macleod,
Alberta station around 1908. Post card, Glenbow
Archives PA-2624-7.
Jardin de la gare Fort Macleod du Chemin de fer
Canadien Pacifique, Alberta. Vers 1908. Carte postale
Glenbow Archives PA-2624-7
88RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009Arbustes ornementaux: lilas, caragana, groseille fleuri,
chèvrefeuille, spirée, cornouiller, cerisier, crabe ornemental,
érable ginnala, shépherdie, sureau.
Annuelles : alternanthéra, coléus, sauge des devins, ricin,
caladium, alysse, célosie, pétunia, aster, œillets d’inde, viola,
pavot et géranium.Ornamental shrubs : lilac, caragana, flowering currant,
honeysuckle, spirea, dogwood, sand cherry, western or
ornamental crab, ginnale maple, buffalo berry, golden leafed
elder,
Annuals: alternanthera, coleus, salvia, castor bean plant,
caladium, alyssum, celosia, petunia, aster, pansy, marigold,
poppy and geranium.First mention of the subject of station gardens was in the
Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin Number 92,
September 1916, CRHA Archives.
Première mention de chronique sur les jardins de gare dans
le bulletin des employés. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly
Bulletin, no 92, septembre 1916, Archives ACHF
.
Plantes utilisées par le CPR après 1917
Arbres: frêne, hêtre, peupliers de Caroline, russe et de
Lombardie, catalpa, cèdre, cornouiller, orme, différentes
espèces d’érable, pin gris, laurier, locuste, épinette de
Norvège, pin rouge, pin écossais, sumac.
Arbustes: berberis purpurea, berberis thunbergi,
chèvrefeuille de buisson, caragana, deutzia, aulne doré,
hydrangée, hortensia, rosier japonais, tamarac japonais,
lilas, seringa, rosier hybride, rosier rustique, sureau argenté,
spirée opulifolia aurea, spirée Van Houtii, briar doux,
viorne, weigelia et saule
Vivaces: achillée, ancolie, cœur saignant, campanule des
Carpathes, campanule medium, clématite, pieds d’alouette,
pâquerette, myosotis, digitale, gaillardia, buisson ardent,
gypsophylla, rose trémière, houblon, iris, consolida, lychnis,
pivoine, phlox, œillet barbu, pavot, marguerite, lys des
prairies, vigne vierge de Virginie et concombre sauvage.
Plante à bulbe: tulipe
Plantes annuelles: achyranthes, arctotide hybrida, gueule de
loup, aster, impatiente, bégonia, souci, pavot de Californie,
ibéris, canna, œillet, ricin, chrysanthème, clarkia, coléus,
bleuet des champs, cosmos, dahlia, dracaena, cinéraire
maritime, immortelle, belle-de-nuit, géranium, glaïeul,
tournesol, héliotrope, kochia, lavatère, lobelia, tagetes,
gloire du matin, nasturtium, pensée, portulaca, saleroi,
salpiglossis, sauge des devins, scabieuse, alysse, pois de
senteur, verbena et zinnia.CPR Plants after 1917:
Trees: ash, beech, Carolina, Russian and Lombardy
poplars, catalpa, cedar, dogwood, elm, hard, soft and
Manitoba maple, jack pine, laurel, locust, Norway spruce,
red pine, Scotch pine, sumac.
Shrubs: Berberis purpurea, Berberis thunbergi, bush
honeysuckle, caragana, deutzia, golden alder, hydrangea,
Japanese rose, Japanese tamarac, lilac, Philadelphus
coronarius, rose hybrids, Rosa rugosa, silver elder, Spirea
opulifolia aurea, Spirea van Houtii, sweet briar, viburnum,
Wiegelia rosea, willows.
Perennials: achillea, acquilegia, bleeding heart, Campanula
carpatica, campanula medium, clematis, delphinium,
English daisy, forget-me-not, foxglove, gaillardia, golden
glow, gypsophylla, hollyhock, hops, iris, larkspur, lychnis,
peony, plhox, pink/sweet William, poppy, shasta daisy, tiger
lily, Virginia creeper, wild cucumber vine.
Bulbs: tulips.
Annuals : achyranthes, African daisy, antirrhinum, aster,
balsam, begonia, calendula, California poppy, candytuft,
canna, carnation, castor oil plant, chrysanthemum, clarkia,
coleus, cornflower, cosmos, dahlia, dracaena, dusty miller,
everlasting, four o’ clock, geranium, gladiolus, helianthus,
heliotrope, kochia, lavatera, lobelia, marigold, wild morning
glory, nasturtium, pansy, portulaca, saleroi, salpiglossis,
salvia, scabiosa, stock, sunflower, sweet alyssum, sweet pea,
verbena, zinnia.
89CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009L’origine du jardinage au CPR demeure
nébuleuse. Le premier jardin d’importance dans l’Ouest
canadien fut établi à Medecine Hat à l’automne 1888 à
l’initiative de M. Niblock, assistant-chef. Ce jardin était
composé de plates-bandes fleuries, de pelouses, d’arbres
ombrageants, de buissons et d’un zoo. L’initiative de
Niblock se propagea rapidement. William C. Van Horne,
qui est devenu président du CPR en 1890, adopta le
concept et ainsi apparurent de nouveaux jardins dans les
principales gares et les dépôts à l’ouest du lac Supérieur. The origins of the gardening movement on the
CPR are clouded. The first large garden in western
Canada was started in Medicine Hat in the fall of 1888
due to the enthusiasm of the Assistant Superintendent,
Mr. Niblock. This garden encompassed flower beds,
lawns, sheltering trees and shrubbery and a zoo.
Niblock’s idea rapidly took seed. William Van Horne,
who had become President of the CPR in 1890 embraced
the concept and that very year, new gardens were begun at
major stations and divisional points westward from Lake
Superior. Extract from the Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin
Number 98, March 1917, promoting the Floral Committee’s
gardening program, CRHA Archives.
Extrait du bulletin des employés du Chemin de fer Canadien
Pacifique où il est question de l’approvisionnement en
fleurs.Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin, no 98, mars 1917,
Archives ACHF.A view of the station and park at Red
Deer, Alberta circa 1915-1919. Here the
garden is next to the station and
includes paths and a fountain. Glenbow
Archives NA-3705-9.
Une vue de la gare et du parc de Red
Deer en Alberta entre 1915 et 1919.
Près de la gare, une fontaine trône dans
le jardin traversé par un sentier.
Glenbow Archives NA- 3705-9.The Canadian Pacific Railway Gardens:
The conditions of this garden is another
evidence of the enterprise of the CPR, and the desire
they evidently have of giving visitors and intending
settlers an opportunity of seeing for themselves the
capabilities of this district.
Moose Jaw Times, September 2, 1892.Les jardins du Chemin de fer du Canadien
Pacifique
La présence d’un tel jardin met en évidence
l’initiative du CPR de démontrer aux visiteurs et aux
futurs colons ce que ceux-ci peuvent réaliser dans leur
région.
Moose Jaw Times, 2 septembre 1892.
90RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009cauliflowers were ready for use early in July while celery
and tomatoes were ripe about the middle of last month.
The early cabbage are noticeable for their weight, many
of them turning the scale at seven and eight pounds.
Citrons, melons and cucumbers are ripening rapidly
and promise an abundant yield.
The other three gardens are situated at either
end of the depot building. The one to the west, known
as the lawn garden, is covered with a beautiful velvety
grass and has a fountain and basin. In it are antelope
and several species of wild fowl. Immediately east of
the station is the Agent’s flower garden which has
likewise a fountain and a rustic basin. East of this is an
enclosure for the grizzly bear and adjoining it another
inhabited by a snarling lynx.
The idea of having gardens here to amuse
passengers during their half hour stop over, and to
advertise the capabilities of the country, originated in
Mr. Niblock’s fertile brain three or four years ago.
After several failures, which would discouraged a less
resolute man, he finally succeeded in persuading his
company to sanction a portion of the necessary expense.
The ground for the large garden was broken late in the
fall of 1888 and the following year a very creditable crop
of grain and vegetables raised. Last year flowers were
tried and such was the success attained that it was
decided to devote a much larger area to them this year.
Mr. Niblock’s efforts have been ably seconded by his
private secretary, Mr. Coons, and his head gardener,
Mr. T. Hazel. The success of the Medicine Hat gardens
has induced other Assistant Superintendents to follow
Mr. Niblock’s example. Now the CPR gardens at
Moose Jaw, the floral department of which is presided
over by our former townman, Mr. T. Birbeck, are
beginning to attract attention. The CPR officials are to
be commended for their efforts to amuse and instruct
their patrons.
Medicine Hat Times, September 4, 1890.The First CPR Garden
Next to his hospital, Superintendent Niblock’s
greatest pride is in his gardens and they do him
wonderful credit this year. There are four altogether,
two devoted to flowers and vegetables and two which
may be styled embryo Zoological gardens.
The principal garden is just across the track
from the depot and is about the same length as the
platform. It is a rectangular plot of ground, its length
being five or six times its breadth. It is neatly fenced and
contains about an acre and a quarter, the whole of which
is covered with a profuse growth of flowers and
vegetables. Running from end to end of the garden
through its centre is a broad graveled path, bordered
with ornamental white stones. A similar path runs from
side across the centre of the garden. At their
intersection is a small circular grass plot, from which
rises what is said to be the highest flag pole in the
Territories (Alberta was part of the North West
Territories at this time). At the termini of these paths
are turnstiles leading across the track to the depot and
to the streets which bound the garden. A large square in
the centre of the garden is laid out in ornamental beds.
A few of these are planted with vegetables remarkable
for their foliage, the remainder with bright coloured
flowers and such foliage plants as coleus, the whole so
arranged as to produce a pretty effect. On either side of
the broad central paths are mass beds of petunias,
asters, geraniums, phlox, zinnias, verbenas,
nasturtiums, stocks, etc., the inner side of every bed
being bordered with the fragrant mignonette. A bed of
mixed pansies and another of geraniums, both from
seed, are remarkable for their profuse bloom. Besides a
nursery bed of seedling trees and shrubs, evergreens,
fruit and shade trees of several year’s growth are
planted along the fences and paths. The balance of the
garden is planted in a variety of vegetables, all of which
have done remarkably well this year. Potatoes and Two views of the Canadian Pacific Railway gardens at Medicine Hat, Alberta in 1887. The construction of the railway has been
completed and the CPR now turned its attention to embellishing the station to attract settlers and indicate how fertile the land was.
Glenbow Archives NA-2003-17 and NA-2003-18.
Deux vues de l’imposant jardin de la gare Medecine Hat du Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique, Alberta. La construction de la ligne
est à peine terminée que déjà le CPR met l’accent sur «
l’embellissement » des gares afin d’attirer les colons et de l
eur montrer
combien les terres sont fertiles. 1887. Glenbow Archives NA-2003-17 et NA-2003-18.
91CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Description of Moose Jaw Garden:
The officials of the CPR certainly deserve
great credit for the fine appearance of the flower and
vegetable gardens at this place . . . The garden contains
about two acres in the CPR reserve along the track east
of the grain warehouses and was plowed from the
unbroken prairie this spring . . . The result of this
experiment has been highly satisfactory, and will be of
great service to farmers and others in deciding what
class of trees are the most suitable for the district. Out
of 300 trees planted, not more than half a dozen have
failed to grow. The principal varieties are White Ash,
Black Birch, Linden Mountain Ash, Black Cherry
Russian Mulberry, Hard Maple, Box Eider, White
Spruce, Butternut, Red Cedar, Plum and Apple trees.
The growth in some of these trees is remarkable. Some
of the Maples showed a growth of 18 inches, Mountain
Ash 15 inches, Box Elder 15 inches, Mulberry 11
inches, Butternut 6 inches. The fruit trees are also doing well, and if afforded some protection next
winter, there is no doubt of their successful growth.
These trees have all taken firm root in the soil as the
wood in the new growth is quite hard and firm.
The vegetables in the garden include all the
varieties, such as carrots, beets, mangolds, onions,
beans, etc., and are doing well. Potatoes are in bloom,
peas and beans ready for table use, beets, carrots and
mangolds rapidly forming roots. In the centre of the
garden is a beautiful fountain surrounded by plots of
the loveliest flowers in bloom.
Two men are engaged the whole time in
looking after the garden, and it is needless to say that
everything is well looked after. Travellers along the
line say that the Moose Jaw garden is the best west of
Winnipeg. The CPR officials here have good reason to
be proud of their garden here, and deserve great credit
for their efforts to add to the beauty of our town.
Moose Jaw Times, July 18, 1890.Two views of CPR’s Broadview, Saskatchewan station garden taken at different eras. The first shows the garden shortly after it was
planted in 1909, the latter taken some years later after upgrading. Saskatchewan Archives Board R-A-18894 and Canadian Pacific
Archives.
Jardin de la gare Broadview du Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique, en Saskatchewan, à deux époques : au moment de la plantation
des fleurs, en 1909, et une fois aménagé, quelques années plus tard. Saskatchewan Archives Board (R-A-18894)/ Archives du
Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique.
92RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009The garden is situated in the CPR reserve, and
quite close to the railway track. It contains about 2¼
acres, the ground of which was first broken in the
spring of 1890. Last season some fine vegetables and
flowers were grown, but owing to the newness of the
ground and the drought, were not all to be compared
with the growth of the present season. Thorough
cultivation and manuring has produced a result that we
firmly believe is not excelled, or even equaled, west of
Lake Superior. If any person has the slightest doubt of
the adaptability of the Moose Jaw soil for the
production of all kinds of vegetables of the highest
quality, he has only to pay a visit to the CPR garden to
have all his doubts removed. On entering the garden
by the front gate, the first thing that meets the eye is the
beautiful flower patch in which flowers of every
imaginable hue are in full bloom gladdening the eye
and lading the air with their rich fragrance. In the
centre of the bed, a fountain supplied with water from
pipes from the pump send its spray over the flowers . . .
This variety of colour, in contrast with the rich green of
the surrounding vegetation adds much to the beauty of
the grounds.
Last season a number of trees were planted
out around the garden, nearly all of which came
through last winter all right and are showing a vigorous
growth. Out of 30 Mountain Ash, 29 are living and
growing nicely. A Box Elder tree planted last year
shows a growth for the season of 3 feet 4 inches. In the
spring, the spaces between the trees was well cultivated
and sown with the seeds of native Maples trees
gathered from the rive valley. Nearly every seed
planted grew and there is now a thick row of little
seedling Maples varying from two inches to eighteen
inches in height on three sides of the garden and six
rows along the north side. There are enough trees when transplanted next spring to supply the whole
Moose Jaw district.
The potatoes were the next thing visited, and
the growth here exceeded anything we ever saw either
in the eastern provinces or in the North West. The
vines are in bloom and completely cover the ground.
The tubers are large and well developed and will
produce an extraordinary yield. They are all of the
standard varieties – Early Rose and Beauty of Hebron
– which have been found best adapted for North West
purposes. Green peas planted in May, were seen
heavily laden with pods and have been fit for table use
for a week past. The turnips, carrots, beets, parsnips,
onions and in fact every kind of vegetable, show a
luxuriant growth, and will without doubt surprise the
world. The strawberry and raspberry plants have also
done well, the strawberry vines bearing fine fruit. The
raspberry blossoms were touched by an early frost in
the spring but the plants have made a strong growth
and will be sure to stand the winter all right.
The cabbages and cauliflowers promise to be
of an extraordinary size, the cauliflower heads being
already of a considerable size.
The garden suffered considerably in the
spring form the ravages of the destructive cutworm, but
through the vigilance of the gardener, Mr. E Tapley,
the young plants were saved from the marauder. The
plan taken by him was to go out in the early morning
and destroy any of the pests which he found at their
morning meal. He also adopted the plan of placing a
tin covering around the transplanted vegetables.
The energy of those in charge of the garden is
commendable and the appearance of their crop cannot
fail to produce a favourable impression on travelers
and others passing through on the trains.
Moose Jaw Times, July 24, 1891.CPR’s Sintaluta, Saskatchewan
station garden was located between
the platform and the distant street in
this 1913 – 1919 view. A horseshoe
shaped road looped into the station
through the fenced garden.
Glenbow Archives NA-3792-11.
Jardin de gare Sintaluta du Chemin
de fer Canadien Pacifique,
Saskatchewan. Une bonne partie du
jardin se trouve entre la route et la
gare. Vers 1913-1919.
Glenbow Archives NA-3792-11
93CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009The CPR has this season enlarged their
garden at this place from three to seven acres and have
planted out in the enlarged space between three and
four thousand trees, including 1,200 Balm of Gileads,
1,000 Maples, and a smaller number of each of the
following varieties of trees, viz. Poplar, Willow Riga
Pine, White Spruce, White Cedar, Mountain Ash,
Russian Mulberry, White Ash, Black Birch, etc. Those
planted two years ago show remarkable growth and
vitality. They have also on their ground some 80,000
seeding maples, which are making excellent progress.
One has only to pay a visit to this garden to be
convinced that trees will readily grow in this part of the
North West Territories if thy have anything like a fair
show and to realize what a thing of beauty it will be in
the near future.
In the centre of the garden, where waved for
the first time on Dominion Day the Union Jack, stands
a “British Columbia toothpick”, one hundred and
twelve feet in height. The flowers in both the large and
small gardens are now in full bloom and are the admiration of all passengers over the road. Moose Jaw
Times, July 29, 1892
The CPR Garden
Several thousand fruit trees which were set
out late last summer and early this spring, have, despite
the comparatively dry season we have experienced,
given great promise as to what may be done in the
matter of forest tree culture. Not over two per cent of
the trees planted have died; and the living trees are
green and sturdy.
The roots and vegetable department looks
particularly fine. The cultivation of small fruits has
been tried with marked success. Some apple trees,
which were set out last year, seem to have held their
own during the winter.
It is the intention of the Company to make the
garden at Moose Jaw a point from which to supply
gardens at other points on the line.
Moose Jaw Times, September 2, 1892.
Ce n’est pas un hasard si la description de ces
deux jardins, établis dans des régions arides du sud des
Prairies, comportaient un volet important sur les arbres.
Dans ces régions de l’Ouest canadien où ceux-ci étaient
absents du paysage, les gens ne pouvaient s’imaginer
qu’ils puissent s’y développer. Les jardins ferroviaires
illustraient bien cette capacité de survivre des arbres.
Ceux-ci provenaient de régions boisées de l’est du
Canada, des États-Unis et de l’Europe de l’Ouest.
David Hysop, courtier d’assurance du Manitoba
et Stewart Dunlop, courtier en perception de taxe et
d’assurance de Montréal, furent eux aussi parmi les
premiers partisans des jardins de gare. Hysop déclara
aux cadres de son entreprise : Nous devons faire pousser
des fleurs et des légumes près des gares pour démontrer
la fertilité du sol. On pourrait ainsi approvisionner en
légumes frais les voitures-restaurants. De plus, l’eau des
locomotives (à vapeur) pourrait servir à arroser les
jardins le long des voies.
Dans les années 1890, Stewart Dunlop
acheminait des semences aux chefs de gare et aux
contremaîtres intéressés vivant sur les lieux. Ces
semences provenaient de son jardin particulier. Il
donnait aussi toutes les informations nécessaires et
répondait aux questions au besoin. Les employés
n’acceptaient pas tous de gaieté de cœur le temps
supplémentaire requis et non-payé consacré au
jardinage…certains refusaient même de participer.
Dans les petites localités, les agents de gare et leurs
familles cultivaient le jardin et entretenaient aussi le
terrain avoisinant la gare. Dans les grands centres, c’était
à l’équipe locale de section de s’en charger.It is no accident that the accounts of these two
gardens in the arid region of the southern prairies have
major descriptions about the trees being grown. In these
parts of Western Canada where the country was not
naturally wooded, people did not think trees could thrive.
The railway gardens countered this impression by
showing trees could survive and make the barren
landscape more welcoming to the settlers coming from
well-treed areas of eastern Canada, the United States and
western Europe.
Others early supporters of station gardens were
David Hysop, (an insurance claims adjustor) from
Manitoba and Stewart Dunlop, (a tax and insurance
commissioner) from Montreal. Hysop in his pitch to the
company executives at the time said: “We must grow
flowers and vegetables near the stations to reveal the
fertility of our soil. These vegetables could be served in
the dining cars and we could use the water from the
locomotives to water the gardens along the railroad.”
Sometime in the 1890s, Stewart Dunlop began
sending seeds to interested station masters and section
foremen who lived on the premises. These seeds were
from his personal garden. He also supplied them will all
necessary instructions and, in time, only to those who
requested them. Not all employees were thrilled with the
unpaid overtime they had to put in for the gardens …
some employees refused to participate. At smaller stops,
station agents and their families often ended up being the
ones to have gardens and cultivate the land surrounding
the stations. At larger centers, the local section gang
would be given the duty.
94RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009CPR Will Beautify Grounds at Principal Points
on E&N:
It is the intention of the CPR to build a new
station to the north of the present one at Duncan.
When this is done, it will go far to give the town a better
appearance.At the chief stations along the E&N Railway,
the CPR has decided to beautify the grounds by laying
out garden plots. The first garden to be made will be at
Duncan. Mr. A.E. Wallace of Victoria is planning the
garden. Native shrubs and plants are to be used.
Victoria Times, March 31, 1901.Back to the centre circular flower
bed and fountain at CPR’S Kenora,
Ontario Station, Post card dated
around 1914. Library and Archives
Canada.
Vue sur le jardin de la gare Kenora,
Ontario. Admirez la fontaine! Vers
1914. Bibliothèque et Archives
Canada.
On créa en 1908 la Division d’horticulture, qui
avait pour mandat d’encourager les employés à se
dévouer pour leurs jardins. Le jardinage fit partie
intégrante du réseau ferroviaire. Tout comme la gestion
du chemin de fer à l’époque, celle des jardins fut divisée
entre les lignes Est et Ouest. Le prestige du travail était
parfois à limage des responsables. Par exemple, J.R.
Amley, chef-horticulteur de la ligne Ouest en 1929, était
un diplômé du Collège d’agriculture de l’Ontario. Il
occupa ce poste jusqu’en 1960.
En 1912, la compagnie installa des serres à Fort
William, Kenora, Winnipeg, Moose Jaw, Calgary,
Revelstoke et Vancouver pour y faire pousser les
annuelles, les vivaces et les arbres qui étaient par la suite
envoyés aux chefs de gare. Par ailleurs, des plantes, telles
que les géraniums, pétunias, cannas, coléus, zinnias et
gueules de loup résistaient bien aux cendres des
locomotives à vapeur. La Division de foresterie naquit
avec la création d’une pépinière à Springfield au
Manitoba. Pendant l’été, des employés spécialisés
faisaient le tour des différents jardins des gares et
prodiguaient des conseils aux amateurs et aux jardiniers
saisonniers. Peu de temps avant la Première Guerre
mondiale, le CPR nolisa les services des étudiants du
Collège McDonald en banlieue de Montréal au Québec
et du Collège d’agriculture de Guelph en Ontario pour
élaborer le design des jardins.In 1908, a Horticultural Division was born and
did its best to encourage employees to devote time to
gardens. Gardening became a part of the railway network.
As was the case with the management of the railway at the
time, management of the gardens was split between
Eastern and Western Lines. The prestige of the job was
reflected by the incumbents. For example, J. R. Amley,
who was appointed Chief Horticulturist for Western
Lines in 1929, was a graduate of the Ontario Agricultural
College. He remained in this position until 1960.
By 1912, the company had located greenhouses
in Fort William, Kenora, Winnipeg, Moose Jaw, Calgary,
Revelstoke and Vancouver to grow the annuals, trees and
perennials that would be sent to the station masters. The
plants grown – geraniums, petunias, cannas, coleus,
zinnias and snapdragons – were resistant to the ashes
from the steam locomotives. A Forestry Division then
emerged with a tree nursery in Springfield, Manitoba.
During the summer, employees would make the rounds
and inspect the various station gardens and give advice to
amateur and seasonal gardeners. Just before the First
World War, the CPR hired students from McDonald
College and the Ontario Agricultural College to help
design gardens.
95CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Avec la création de la Division d’horticulture,
l’élaboration des jardins était désormais supervisée d’une
manière plus professionnelle. Lorsqu’une nouvelle gare
était construite, on désignait un employé du Service de
foresterie pour y planifier le jardin. Celui-ci remettait au
chef-jardinier de la compagnie des recommandations
selon les caractéristiques du sol, de l’environnement et du
climat. On utilisait à l’époque le même type de clôture de
fils métalliques pour les jardins que celles utilisées le long
des emprises ferroviaires. Plus tard, on les remplaça par
des clôtures surbaissées ou simplement par des arbustes.
Le CPR préparait le compost ainsi que les plans
d’aménagement paysagé pour les jardins des gares des
autres installations ferroviaires.
L’utilisation de cailloux blancs comme bordure
de plate-bande ou encore pour écrire le nom de la gare fut
très populaire auprès des employés, mais plutôt frustrant
pour les jardiniers professionnels!
Le chef de gare faisait de son mieux pour se
conformer aux règles de la compagnie lorsqu’il soignait
son jardin. Les magazines soulignaient entre autres le
lien entre l’ardeur du travail au jardin, les bonnes mœurs
et les valeurs familiales de l’employé : Un homme avec un
beau jardin est un homme qui ne perd pas son temps à la
taverne ou à fumer la pipe, c’est un homme qui ne bat pas
sa femme et ne néglige pas ses enfants. En 1908, on
affirmait que l’avancement était réservé à ceux qui
jardinaient. Les standards étaient bien établis et des
inspecteurs de jardins se déplaçaient à la grandeur du
pays.
Les jardins étaient le plus souvent installés entre
la voie ferrée et la route avec une bordure d’arbres, des
arbustes, des fleurs et des pelouses. Quelquefois, une
petite plate-bande surélevée trônait au centre. Certains
jardins de l’Ouest étaient affublés de plantes locales,
d’autres d’arbustes ou d’arbres indigènes. Un bon
nombre d’employés se mirent à créer leurs propres
jardins sur les lieux de leur résidence. Les efforts du CPR
en horticulture étaient cités tant dans les magazines
populaires que dans ceux spécialisés en jardinage.
On devait compter en moyenne trois ans pour
préparer un jardin. Les plus imposants nécessitaient un
système d’irrigation lié à des citernes d’eau. Les petits
jardins par contre étaient simplement arrosés à l’aide de
seaux. On devait ériger les clôtures, sarcler, parfois
remblayer, puis planter les arbustes et les arbres. Au
cours de la deuxième année, on ajoutait les fleurs et la
pelouse.
En 1912, le CPR gérait plus de 1000 jardins à
travers le Canada. Les municipalités et les gens d’affaires
consultaient les horticulteurs du CPR pour les
aménagements de leurs propres plates-bandes. Les
citoyens comptaient sur les jardins de gare pour mettre
leurs villes ou villages en valeur. Néanmoins, le CPR ne
les considérait pas comme une attraction. Parfois, le
CPR négociait des ententes avec les villes pour que ces With the institution of the Horticultural
Division, the design of the garden came under
professional supervision. When a new station was built or
a new garden started, a Forestry Service employee was
dispatched to design its future garden. He would make
recommendations to the company’s head gardener since
all regions presented a challenge as to type of soil,
environment or climate. Up to this time, the fencing
surrounding gardens had generally used the same
standard of wire fence as was used along the railway right
of way. In time, fences changed – they were either lower,
with less wire or decorated with shrubs. The CPR
prepared the compost and landscaping plans for the
stations gardens and siding sections.
One item of design that remained popular with
employees, but frustrated professional gardeners, was the
use of white pebbles for borders around the beds or
arranged to spell out the station’s name.
The station master did his best to care for his
garden according to company guidelines. His work was
praised in magazines by linking gardening to clean living
and family values: “A man with a beautiful garden is a man
who does not waste his time in taverns or with a pipe in his
mouth, nor is he a man who beats his wife or neglects his
children.” In 1908, it was said that “promotions are
reserved for those who grow a garden”. Standards were
established and trained garden inspectors traveled
throughout the country.
Now that gardens were standardized, they were
mainly located between the track and the road, with a
border of trees, shrubs, flowers and grass. Sometimes a
small central elevated bed was incorporated. Some
gardens out West were decorated with local plants, others
with native shrubs and trees. As a side benefit, many of
the employees’ homes now had gardens. The CPR’s
horticultural efforts were praised in both popular and
specialist gardening magazines.
It took on average three years to prepare a
garden. Larger gardens required an irrigation system
linked to water reservoirs. Smaller gardens only needed
to be watered with a bucket. Then fences had to be set up,
plots had to be weeded, some landfill was required, trees
and shrubs had to be planted. The second year, flowers
and grass were planted.
By 1912, the CPR managed over 1,000 gardens
throughout Canada. Towns and businesses were seeking
out CPR horticulturalists for advice on their flower bed
arrangements. Some station gardens were now being
tended by the towns or villages bent upon putting their
best appearance forward. However, the CPR did not
consider these as attractive. In some cases, the CPR
96RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009dernières entretiennent correctement leurs jardins en
échange de plantes. Ce fut le cas à Régina,
Saskatchewan, en 1912, où le jardin de la gare fut
aménagé par le Département d’horticulture du CPR et
entretenu par les autorités municipales.would enter into an agreement with a town to properly
manage its garden in exchange for plants. This was the
case in Regina, Saskatchewan where the station garden
was laid out by the Horticultural Department in 1912 and
maintained by municipal authorities. Beautifying the System
The floral department of the Canadian Pacific
is keeping pace with other branches of the company in
the great work of expansion and development. Twice a
year packages of seeds, bulbs, plants and shrubs are
sent out all over the system to agents, section men, and
other employees to cultivate flowers on the Company’s
property. In the springtime 50,000 packages of seeds,
in each of which are 29 varieties are distributed, and in
the autumn over 2,000 packages of bulbs are sent out to
the 1,500 gardens, which beautify the line between
Saint John, NB and Vancouver Island.
This year bulbs have been placed in some of the company’s Atlantic steamships and it is confidently
expected that at Christmas time, CPR passengers will
have the novelty of seeing CPR flowers from CPR
bulbs grown on CPR vessels decorating CPR dining
salons on the ocean. This floral work, according to Mr.
N.S. Dunlop, who has charge of the floral department,
is growing rapidly, and is interesting an army of
employees in yearly increasing numbers who find in it a
labour of love. Great strides have been made during
the past thirteen years, both in the extent of the work
and in the interest and enthusiasm displayed in floral
cultivation by the CPR men.
Woodstock Daily Sentinel, November 22, 1909.
Les jardins de guerre…et de paix
Durant la Première Guerre mondiale, les jardins
devinrent « Des jardins de guerre ». On demanda aux
Canadiens de transformer en jardins tous les espaces
disponibles afin de soutenir les soldats au front et
conséquemment d’aider à nourrir la population. Pendant
la guerre, plus de 500 acres autour des gares et le long des
lignes du CPR furent convertis en « jardins de guerre »; le
tiers fut consacré à la culture de la pomme de terre et le
reste pour des légumes tels que fèves, pois, betteraves,
choux, choux-fleurs, maïs, céleris, panais, oignons,
tomates et courges. Le CPR se servait de ses jardins
pour fournir les employés et les voyageurs en légumes
frais. Dans certains cas, on substitua l’espace réservé aux
fleurs pour y cultiver des pommes de terre. Tous les
espaces disponibles des emprises et même les terrains
appartenant aux employés furent utilisés. À certaines
gares on tenta de sauvegarder des espaces de fleurs et à
d’autres on inscrivit le nom de la gare… avec des laitues! The War Gardens… and Peace Gardens
During the First World War, gardens became
“The War Gardens”. Canadians were asked to plant all
available land to support our troops at the front and feed
the population. During the war, an area of about 500
acres adjoining stations along the CPR was turned into
“War Gardens”; one-third of this was devoted to raising
potatoes and, on the remainder, beans, peas, beets,
cabbage, cauliflowers, corn, celery, parsnips, onions,
tomatoes, squash and melons were grown. The CPR used
its gardens to supply fresh vegetables to employees and
travellers. In some cases, flowers were removed and
replaced with potatoes. All available surrounding land,
including land belonging to employees, was used. A some
stations tried to preserve a few flowers, others spelled out
the name of the station with lettuce!Planting of trees at Caragana Nursery, Wolesley, Saskatchewan. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin, No. 99, April 1917,
CRHA Archives.
Plantation d’arbres à Caragana, dans la pouponnière de Wolseley, Saskatchewan. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin, no
99, avril 1917. Archives ACHF.
97CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Canadian Pacific Railway’s Harvey, New Brunswick
wartime station garden. Canadian Pacific Railway
Monthly Bulletin No. 118, November 1918, CRHA
Archives.
Le jardin de gare à Harvey au Nouveau-Brunswick
pendant le Première Grande guerre. CPR Employees
Bulletin no 118, novembre 1918, Archives ACHF.Wartime garden at CPR’s Rooth, New Brunswick Station
located on the Brownville Subdivision, it was maintained
by the sectionmen. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly
Bulletin No. 118, November 1918, CRHA Archives.
Jardin de guerre à la gare Rooth du Chemin de fer
Canadien Pacifique, Nouveau-Brunswick, division de
Brownville. L’entretien est assuré par les employés de
sections. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin,
no 118, novembre 1918, Archives ACHF.Jardin de guerre à la gare Stony Mountain du Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique, Manitoba, division de Portage. Dans ce grand
jardin, on cultive pois, choux, navets, choux-fleurs, maïs, oignons, céleri, tomates, laitues, concombres, patates…Tout pour nourrir
la famille durant l’été et faire des conserves pour l’hiver. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin, no 118, novembre 1918,
Archives ACHF.Wartime garden at CPR’s Stony Mountain Station
located on the Portage Subdivision in Manitoba.
Peas, cabbage, turnips, cauliflower, corn, onions,
celery, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers and potatoes
are cultivated. Everything to feed the agent’s family
in summer and preserve for the winter. Canadian
Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin No. 118, November
1918, CRHA Archives.
À Stoney Mountain, Manitoba, l’agent de gare,
E.H. Gallagher, cultiva un jardin de 100 pieds carrés (9,3
mètres carrés), où poussaient oignons, panais, carottes,
pois, haricots, choux, choux de Bruxelles, maïs, tomates,
laitues, céleris, concombres, radis, poivrons, persil,
navets, pommes de terre, fraises et citrons…, bref, des
fruits et légumes frais tout l’été et de quoi faire de bonnes
conserves pour l’hiver.
À l’été 1919, avec la fin de la guerre, les “jardins
de paix” apparurent. La nourriture étant plus rare et plus
chère, on sollicita de nouveau les employés pour faire
pousser le maximum de fruits et légumes en plus de créer
de beaux jardins pour relever le moral des soldats qui
revenaient du front. At Stony Mountain, Manitoba, a station agent by
the name of E.H. Gallagher, planted a one hundred
square foot garden with onions, parsnips, carrots, peas,
beans, cabbage, Brussel sprouts, corn, tomatoes, lettuce,
celery, cucumbers, radishes, peppers, parsley, turnips,
potatoes, strawberries and lemons…in short, enough
fresh vegetables to last the entire summer and enough to
can for the winter.
When the War ended, in the summer of 1919,
“Peace Gardens” appeared. Since food was scarce and
expensive, once again employees were asked to grow the
maximum of fruits and vegetables and to plant a beautiful
garden, to boost the morale of our returning troops.
continued on page 107
98RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009Stan’s Photo Gallery
May – June, 2009
By Stan SmaillLes photos de Stan
Mai – Juin, 2009
Par Stan Smaill
In keeping with the theme of the main article in
this month’s Canadian Rail, we are pleased to present a
Photo Gallery dedicated to railway gardens. Locating
appropriate photographs was a challenge, the object
being to select photos of both botanical and railway
interest. We are very grateful to Ronald S. Ritchie,
Forster Kemp and others who fortunately whether by
design or accident lensed many suitable photographs.
Fortunately as you can see from the last few photographs
in the series, the tradition of railway gardens continues
today. Gardens may still be found not only at various
railway museums, but also in select locations on Canada’s
mainline railways. We hope you enjoy this glimpse into a
colourful chapter of Canadian railroad history.Afin de rester dans l’esprit de la thématique
principale des articles de ce numéro, nous vous
présentons une collection de photos mettant en vedette
des jardins de gare. Il ne fut pas facile de trouver dans nos
archives des photos montrant à la foi des trains et des
jardins. Nous sommes extrêmement redevables à Ronald
S. Ritchie, Foster Kemp et à plusieurs autres amateurs de
chemins de fer de s’être occasionnellement laissés séduire
par la beauté de certains jardins et de les avoir
photographiés. Comme vous pourrez le constater sur des
photos récentes, la tradition des jardins de gare ne s’est
pas complètement perdue, puisqu’on en trouve encore
dans des musées ferroviaires et dans certaines gares sur
les voies principales.
Nous espérons que vous aimerez cette sélection
de photos rappelant une époque fort agréable des
chemins de fer canadiens.Cette magnifique photo fut prise vers la fin des années 1950 par Foster Kemp alors qu’il était sur la plateforme d’un wagon du CN au
passage de la gare de Gananoque Junction, en Ontario. À cet endroit, le chemin de fer Thousand Island Railway rejoignait
l’ancienne voie du Grand Tronc, maintenant le CN, reliant la ville de Gananoque à la ligne principale entre Montréal et Toronto. On y
remarque le style d’architecture propre au Grand Tronc. Ce chemin de fer fut le premier à aménager des jardins de gare au Canada.
On aperçoit la navette de Gananoque en attente de ses passagers. Elle est tractée ici par une locomotive très rare, la no 77 du CN,
l’une des premières locomotives diesel acquises du constructeur CLC, et maintenant en montre au musée Exporail de Saint-
Constant. Archives ACHF, Fonds Kemp.The ever itinerant Forster Kemp
snapped this wonderful image of
Gananoque Junction from the
vestibule of an eastbound CNR
passenger train sometime in the
late nineteen-fifties. Gananoque
Jct. was the junction with the
Thousand Island Railway which
connected the St. Lawrence River
community of Gananoque with
CNR’s former GTR Montreal-
Toronto main line. Grand Trunk
heritage is evidenced by the
station building of GTR origin and
the station gardens. Some of the
earliest railway station gardens in
Canada were located along the
GTR. Waiting to receive
passengers, baggage and
express is the Gananoque shuttle.
CNR’s rare end cab CLC no 77 is
the motive power for the day. One
of CNR’s first diesels, 77 is
preserved and is a featured exhibit
in the Angus pavilion at Exporail.
CRHA Archives, Fonds Kemp.

107CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009En 1917, le CPR décida de devenir…le plus
grand jardinier au monde! Pour soutenir cette initiative,
il fonda le Comité floral. Des représentants des lignes de
l’Est et l’Ouest se réunirent de temps à autre pour
discuter du travail à faire et formuler les nouvelles
politiques à établir. Les efforts furent couronnés de
succès. En 1925, le réseau comptait environ 1250 jardins
de gare. À cette époque, le CPR proclamait qu’il
maintenait le plus grand nombre de jardins parmi tous les
réseaux ferroviaires au monde. Les objectifs en regard
des jardins consistaient en trois volets :
(1) Développer le sens du beau et de la propreté et créer
un environnement agréable autour des gares pour les
employés.
(2) Démontrer aux touristes et aux futurs colons les
possibilités horticoles du pays.
(3) Embellir les emprises ferroviaires.
À un certain moment, on envisagea de créer des
jardins demandant moins d’entretien. On suggéra alors
de remplacer les annuelles par des vivaces. Selon le
Comité d’horticulture de l’époque, les annuelles étaient
trop longues à fleurir et leur temps de floraison trop
court; leur distribution et leur croissance coûtaient cher.
Les personnels des gares furent avisés des changements
par la distribution de dépliants et de brochures. Des
essais furent entrepris pour moderniser les jardins et
pour leur donner des aspects autres que le traditionnel
style victorien.
À partir de ce moment, on publia des chroniques
variées de jardinage dans les bulletins de liaison des
employés. Malgré tous les efforts du comité, il y eut peu
de changements, on persista à planter les mêmes fleurs
dans les mêmes formes rectilignes.In 1917, the CPR decided to become… the
biggest gardener in the world! To support this initiative,
the Floral Committee was formed that year. It included
representatives from both Eastern and Western Lines,
and this body met from time to time to discuss the work
and formulate new policies. Their efforts were crowned
with success. By 1925, the total number of station gardens
on the system totalled about 1,250. At the time, the CPR
claimed to maintain the largest number of gardens of any
railway organization in the world. The stated objects of
the garden work was three-fold:
(1) To foster a sense of beauty and cleanliness and to
create pleasant surroundings for the station
employees;
(2) To demonstrate to the tourist and incoming settler the
horticultural possibilities of the country; and
(3) To improve the appearance of the right of way.
Low maintenance gardens were becoming
necessary. It was suggested that all annuals be removed
and replaced with perennials and pansies. According to
the horticultural committee at the time, annuals took too
long to bloom and their flowering season was too short;
growing and distribution costs were high. Flyers and
pamphlets were distributed to stations notifying them of
these changes. Attempts were made to modernize the
gardens by changing their shapes from the more
traditional Victorian ones.
From then on, various gardening tips were
published in employee bulletins. But despite the
committee’s efforts, the gardens changed very little, the
same flowers were planted and the straight lines
remained.
The Great War is over and vegetable gardens have been converted back into flower
gardens. This is CPR’s Harvey, New Brunswick station garden. Compare this with the
photo on page 97. Canadian Pacific Railway Monthly Bulletin No. 118, November
1918. CRHA Archives.
La Grande guerre est terminée et le jardin potager redevient un jardin de fleurs. On
voit ici le jardin du CPR à Harvey au Nouveau-Brunswick. CPR Employees Bulletin no
118, novembre 1918. Archives ACHF.continued from 97
From 1917 to 1930
“Of all the beauty spots in Perth at the present
time, none can surpass the local property of the CPR in
the vicinity of the station. The surroundings at the
station certainly never appeared more attactive than
now. The beautiful green lawns are kept well-trimmed
and present a pretty picture to the eye, while the
numerous flower beds are now at their best.”
Perth Courier, undated issue August 1924.De 1917 à 1930
De tous les sites admirables de la ville de
Perth, nul ne peut rivaliser avec l’emprise située à
proximité de la gare du CPR. Les alentours de cette
gare n’ont jamais été aussi attrayants. Les magnifiques
pelouses, agréables à l’œil, sont bien entretenues
tandis que de nombreuses plates-bandes de fleurs sont
à leur meilleur.
Perth Courier, non daté, août 1924.

109CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009On assigna un jardinier de district pour gérer les
jardins tout en tenant compte des différences
géographiques des régions. Harry Robinson, qui vivait à
Smith Falls, Ontario, supervisait ainsi tous les jardins
situés entre Perth, à l’est de l’Ontario, et Vaudreuil, à
l’ouest du Québec. À Merrickville, Swan et Bedell, les
jardins étaient entre les mains de F. Gilbert tandis que
M.Grant, bagagiste, jetait un regard sur celui de Perth.
E.Rioux, agent de gare surveillait celui de Mountain.
Dans les Prairies, A.J. Freemantle, jardinier de district à
Moose Jaw, supervisait des jardins situés aussi loin que
Westaskiwin et Camrose en Alberta. Ce sont les
cantonniers locaux qui s’en occupaient.
La majorité des jardins étaient entretenus par
les employés tels que contremaîtres de locomotive,
agents de gare, cantonniers, signaleurs, surveillants,
préposés aux dortoirs et autres. Le jardin de Jack Fish,
Ontario, était soigné en 1923 par le père de l’agent de
gare, âgé de 76 ans, Prudent Nicol. Le Canadian Pacific
Passenger Bulletin écrivit que M.Nicol avait pris soin du
jardin pendant plus de 15 ans. Les concierges de gare
d’endroits aussi distants que London en Ontario et North
Bend C.-B. voyaient aussi aux jardins de gare.
Certains jardins prirent des proportions
insoupçonnées. En effet, un rapport provenant de
l’embranchement de Winnipeg-Napinka qui se trouve à
Darlington, petite localité de 90 âmes du Manitoba,
indique ceci : O.H. Jensen, agent. Le jardin, connu sous
l’appellation Section Est, fut commencé en 1923. La
pelouse, les arbres et les bordures furent plantés au
printemps. On y trouve une bordure de caragana, un
rang de peupliers russes et quelques érables. Des alysses
forment une plate-bande. On peut y admirer des
lobélies, de la verveine, et des phlox resplendissants et un
jardin potager entouré d’une double rangée de caragana.
Des érables vieux de plusieurs années encerclent
partiellement la gare et un chêne trône au milieu de la
pelouse en plus d’un massif de caragana, de lilas et de
chèvrefeuilles.
À Christie Lake, un centre de villégiature sans
population permanente, on rapporte ceci : Le
contremaître-cantonnier G.V. Greer et le cantonnier P.
Kirkham ainsi que leurs épouses, ont réalisé un
magnifique jardin en utilisant des géraniums, des cannas,
des pétunias, des roses trémières et des tournesols avec
une bordure de cèdres en arrière-plan, en plus de trois
peupliers de la Caroline.
Pour maintenir l’intérêt, le CPR organisait des
compétitions annuelles pour souligner les plus beaux
jardins et récompenser leurs auteurs. Plusieurs milliers
d’employés participaient à cet événement devenu
populaire dans tous le pays. Les jardins gérés par des
spécialistes étaient exclus de ce concours (jardins des
gares importantes et des dépôts). On distribuait des prix
dans chacun des districts selon quatre catégories : le plus
beau jardin, le plus beau jardin d’antan, le plus beau A District Gardener was assigned to supervise
the gardens in various georgraphic areas. Harry
Robinson was located at Smiths Falls, Ontario and
oversaw all the gardens in eastern Ontario and western
Quebec ranging from Perth, Ontario to Vaudreuil,
Quebec. The gardens at Merrickville, Swan, Mountain
and Bedell were looked after Mr F. Gilbert, while the one
at Perth was cared for by Baggageman Mr. M. Grant and
the one at Mountain by station agent Mr. E. J. Rioux. On
the prairies, Mr. A. J. Freemantle, the District Gardener
at Moose Jaw, oversaw gardens as far afield as
Westaskiwin and Camrose, Alberta. These two gardens
were in the care of sectionmen.
Most of the gardens were cared for by the
employees themselves: locomotive foreman, station
agents, section foremen, signal towermen, watchmen,
bunkhouse attendants and others. The Jack Fish,
Ontario garden in 1923 was being tended by Mr. Prudent
Nicol, the 76 year old father of the station agent. The
Canadian Pacific Passenger Bulletin report that Nicol
Senior had been looking after the garden for 15 years.
Station janitors looked after the station gardens at points
as diverse as London, Ontario and North Bend, BC.
Gardens at some locations grew to surprising
sizes. Darlington, Manitoba, population 190, on the
Winnipeg-Napinka branch line filed the following report:
“O. H. Jensen, Agent. The garden at this point is in two
sections – that known as the East Section was begun in
1923, the grass, trees and hedge being planted the
following spring. There is a caragana hedge, a row of
Russian populars and some maples. In the flower beds,
sweet alyssum. Lobelias, verbenias and phlox show up
well and there is also a vegetable garden surround by a
double row caragena hedge. The station is partly
surrounded by maples which have been growing for some
years; there is also one oak tree growing in the lawn and a
clump of caragena, lilac and honeysuckle; also hedges
composed partly of caragena and lilac.”
Christie Lake, Ontario, a summer resort
community with no permanent population, reported:
“The garden at this point, which is looked after by Section
Foreman G.V. Greer and Sectionman P. Kirkham and
their wives, makes a very nice showing, indeed, with
geraniums, cannas and petunias, hollyhocks and
sunflowers as a floral display and cedar hedges in the
background. Also three Carolina populars are doing
well.”
In order to peak interest, the CPR organized
annual station garden competitions to highlight the most
beautiful gardens and to reward their creators.
Thousands of employees participated and this was a very
popular event in all areas of the country. Gardens
tended by a specialist were not eligible to participate in
this contest. (i.e. gardens at large stations or at divisional
points). Prizes were awarded in each district in four
categories: best garden, best old garden, and best new
110RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009jardin vu de la voie ferrée et le plus beau jardin à l’écart de
la voie ferrée. Les prix pouvaient aller jusqu’à 50 $,
l’équivalent d’une paie de plusieurs jours. Dans les
années 1920, Mme W.Rogers, épouse de l’agent de gare
d’Eastman au Québec, rafla le premier prix du à cinq
reprises, en plus du deuxième prix à une autre occasion.
À Strasbourg en Saskatchewan, C.W.Chapin, le
contremaître de locomotive dans le district de la
Saskatchewan, remporta le premier prix de 50 $ en 1921
et 1922. À l’annonce du prix de Chapin dans le Canadian
Pacific Passenger Bulletin, on faisait remarquer que six
ans plutôt, le site de ce jardin n’était qu’un endroit
dénudé, quelque part dans les Prairies.garden seen from the tracks and best new garden away
from the tracks. Prizes went as high as $50, a sum equal to
several days’ wages. During the 1920s, Mrs. W. Rogers,
wife of the station agent at Eastman, Quebec, carried
away the Superintendent’s first prize on five occasions
and the second price on another for her station garden.
At Strasbourg, Saskatchewan, Mr. C.W. Chapin, the
Locomotive Foreman took the Saskatchewan District
garden prize of $50 in 1921 and 1922. The announcement
of Chapin’s award in the Canadian Pacific Passenger
Bulletin included the observation that six years earlier,
the garden’s location had been a bare spot on the prairie.Minimalist CPR station garden at Biscotasing, Ontario in 1923. Grass, a few flower beds and roses along the fence and that was it!
CRHA Archives, CPR Album.
Aménagement floral de la gare Biscotasing du Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique, Ontario. L’aménagement est minimal. Des
buissons et quelques rosiers le long de la clôture suffisent. 1923. Archives ACHF, album CPR.
Kingston Splendour
Hundreds of citizens have visited the CPR
station during the past week for the purpose of getting
a look at the beautiful flower beds which are covered
with bloom. George Stockbridge has one of the finest
displays of flowers in the province. Mr. Stockbridge is
a man who loves flowers, and as a result of his faithful
work during the past eight years he has caused the CPR
lawns to be admired by every person who sees them.
The management of the CPR appreciate the hard work
which Mr. Stockbridge has done and is always willing to
give him all the flowers he requires to make the lawns
more attractive. At the present time there are about five
thousand tulips in bloom . . . The tulips will all be taken
out of the ground on May 24th to make room for the
bedding plants . . . There will be about five hundred
geraniums planted . . . Mr. Stockbridge has about 32
varieties of iris. There are seven hundred iris plants
and when they come to full bloom, there will be about
1,500 blossoms . . . Mr. Stockbridge enjoys
experimenting with flowers and seeds of all kinds. He
has orange, grape fruit, lemon and date seeds in his
conservatory, which is located on the second floor of
the station.
British Whig, Kingston, May 17, 1924
À partir des années 1920, le nombre de
pépinières des entreprises ferroviaires commencèrent à
décliner de même que le nombre d’employés horticoles.
En 1925, le CPR commença à s’approvisionner à partir
des fournisseurs commerciaux de plantes. La compagnie Starting in the 1920s, the railway nurseries began
shutting down and the number of horticultural employees
dwindled. In 1925, the CPR began purchasing plants
from commercial growers, though it maintained eight
111CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009a toutefois maintenu huit serres jusqu’après la Deuxième
Guerre mondiale. L’entreprise a aussi entretenu ses
jardins pendant les sombres années de la Grande
Dépression. Plus tard, en 1938, on rapporte que plus de
115000 plants incluant -antirrhinums, alysses, géraniums,
tagètes, pétunias, phlox, zinnias, verbenas et pensées-,
plus de 78000 bulbes de tulipes, 96000 sachets de
semences et 227 kilos de semences à pelouse furent
plantés.greenhouses until after World War II. Even in the
depression years, the gardens were maintained. In 1938,
it was said that 115,000 plants, including snapdragons,
sweet alyssum, geraniums, marigolds, petunias, phlox,
zinnia and verbena, 20,000 pansies, 78,000 tulip bulbs,
96,000 packets of seeds and 227 kg of grass seed had been
planted. Montreal West was renowned for its splendid gardens. Mr. B Remillard, Baggagemaster at the station created the design and
oversaw the plantings, and maintained the garden with great devotion. The Canadian Pacific Passenger Bulletin stated in its
December 1, 1926 issue: “The tulip display in the spring and the peony blooms which follow are eagerly looked for by the
passengers who know the station well.” For the rest of the gardening season, the floral show was put on by 7,500 annuals.
Remillard’s garden was an inspiration to others in the company to improve their gardens. CRHA Archives, CPR Album.
B. Rémillard, préposé aux bagages, est responsable des jardins de la gare Montreal-West depuis des années. Il sélectionne les
plants et entretient le terrain avec grand soin, ce qui pousse d’autres employés à embellir les gares le long des lignes de la
compagnie. 1923. Archives ACHF, album CPR.
112RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009
This Canadian Northern Railway Stationmaster (at an
unidentified location) is performing his duties while seedling
plants are being grown behind him for subsequent planting in the
station garden. From the book Canadian National’s Western
Stations, by Charles W. Bohi & Leslie S. Kozma, Len Stroh
Collection.
Chef de gare du Canadian Northern Railway assis à son bureau
avec en arrière-plan les plantes pour le jardin, Manitoba. Vers
1910. Extrait du livre Canadian National’s Western Stations, par
Charles W. Bohi & Leslie S. Kozma, Len Stroh Collection.Les autres entreprises ferroviaires
La compétition entre les compagnies
ferroviaires incita le CPR à augmenter ses efforts pour
créer de plus beaux jardins. La compétition était au plus
fort dans les années 1920 lorsque le Canadien National et
le Canadien Pacifique rivalisèrent pour le service aux
passagers. Tous cherchaient à imiter le style et le design
du CPR.The Other Railways
Competition between railways companies forced
the CPR to increase its efforts to create beautiful gardens.
The competition was at its height in the 1920s as Canadian
National and Canadian Pacific vied for passenger
business. Attempts were made to copy the CPR style and
design.
Les prédécesseurs du CNR utilisaient les jardins
comme outil de promotion publicitaire. Le Canadian
Northern était fier de ses jardins comme ceux de Fort
Frances en Ontario et de Dauphin au Manitoba. En
1911, même les “gares transportables” du Grand Tronc
Pacifique, comme Yonker en Saskatchewan, avaient leurs
jardins avec barrières et roches décoratives.Canadian Northern Railway, Fort Frances, Ontario station
garden circa 1920. Fences of varying types were probably
required to keep out the rabbits and other small wildlife which
thrive on flowers! Provincial Archives of Manitoba, Howard
Collection.
Jardin de la gare du Canadian Northern Railway à Fort Frances
en Ontario vers 1920. Différents types de clôtures étaient
utilisés dans le but d’éloigner les lapins et autres petits
animaux attirés par les fleurs. Archives provincial du Manitoba,
Collection Howard.
The CNR’s predecessors had adopted station
gardens as a publicity tool. The Canadian Northern
stations sported well tended flower beds at such points as
Fort Frances, Ontario, and Dauphin, Manitoba. Along
the Grand Trunk Pacific in 1911, even their ‘portable
stations’, such as the one at Yonker, Saskatchewan, had
gated gardens with decorative rocks.This is the garden at the Grand Trunk Pacific Station at Yonker,
Saskatchewan circa 1910. Note the modest fenced flower garden
and white painted rocks used as borders. This little garden is an
oasis in an otherwise savage landscape. Saskatchewan Archives
Board, R-B9808.
Jardin de la gare Yonker du Chemin de fer Grand Trunk Pacific,
Saskatchewan. Remarquez l’effort d’aménagement, les petites
barrières et les roches peintes, dans un coin du pays qui semble
encore bien sauvage. Vers 1910. Saskatchewan Archives Board,
R-B9808.
113CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Station Gardens: Domesticity in the Midst of
Wilderness
The Temiskaming & Northern Ontario
Railway was built from North Bay to Cochrane
between 1905 and 1908. The provincially owned
railway was built to promote settlement of the Clay
Belt and, in the course of construction, uncovered
fabulous silver deposits. The unruly mining camps
with boisterous labourers, dark woodlands and high
northern latitudes inhibited settlers. To encourage
agricultural settlement and promote tourism, the
Commissioners of the railway turned to station
beautification. Luxuriously blooming and carefully
tended gardens would send a message to travelers that
Northeastern Ontario was not a land of perpetual ice
and snow nor lacking in the social graces.
To support the gardening program, the
Commission erected a greenhouse at Englehart in
1909 to furnish all the stations along the line with
plants for the gardens. The greenhouse was carefully
sited in the Commission’s park across the street so that
the blooming plants could be seen from the passing
trains. The local newspaper commented that “every
person on the train can be heard passing
complimentary remarks on the display”.
‘Beautiful Englehart, the Park’, Photo showing the station and greenhouse of
the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway. This garden was probably the
best horticultural showpiece in town. Library and Archives Canada PA-029817.
“Le magnifique parc de Englehart”. Cette photo nous montre la gare et la serre
du Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway. Ce magnifique jardin était
certainement le plus beau en ville. Bibliotheque et Archives Canada PA-029817.While James Kerrigan was hired as the chief
gardener, his job embraced a broad range activities.
He designed the gardens, oversaw the planting and
undertook activities to promote agriculture, hunting
and fishing along the line. The latter two activities
included planting wild rice in lakes to stimulate the
duck population and stocking lakes with small fish.
In the winter of 1911, Kerrigan filled the
greenhouse with the blooms of over sixty varieties of
chrysanthemums. The New Liskeard Temiskaming
Speaker enthusiastically reported that a box of these
had been displayed in a window on Yonge Street in
Toronto and exulted that they were much larger and
brighter than those grown in Toronto greenhouses. A
further promotional tool was the floral buttonhole
provided to all passenger train conductors working out
of Englehart. Kerrigan also photographed the plants
grown in the greenhouse to be used in publications
promoting the horticultural potential of the area.
The first station gardens were laid out in 1910.
The annual reports of the Commission for the next
several years featured photographs of them. By 1911,
gardens had been planted at Temagami, Cobalt, North
Cobalt, Haileybury, and New Liskeard. The following
year they were laid out at Iroquois Falls, Matheson and
Charlton. Fences were erected around them after a
wandering cow had devoured the
original plants at Cobalt.
Keeping the gardens in
bloom was no small task. Altogether
between 4,000 and 5,000 geraniums,
1,000 heliotropes and over 2,000
coleus, as well as other varieties
including pansies and asters were
planted each year. A 50 by 30 foot
addition was grafted onto the original
greenhouse in 1912 to keep up with
the need for more flowers as
additional gardens were established.
Citing savings of $7,000 per
year, the Ontario government
ordered the greenhouse at Englehart
closed as an economy measure in
1934. Some of the gardens continued
to be tended through the 1950s.
Today, the original T&NO park at
Englehart is maintained as a green
space and small floral plantings
brighten the North Bay and Cochrane
stations.
Extract from A Century of Travel on
the Ontario Northland Railway by
Douglas N W Smith. Reprinted with
permission.
114RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009Tout comme le CPR, le CNR avait un réseau de
serres destinées aux activités de jardinage de ses
employés. Durant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, le
CNR ne possédait que quatre serres comparativement au
CPR qui lui en avait huit. À l’instar de son rival, le CNR
employait des professionnels pour superviser les jardins.
Stanley Taggart, responsable de la serre de Fort Rouge à
Winnipeg, possédait une grande expertise comme
jardinier et pépiniériste. En 1930, sa serre produisit
200000 annuelles et 2000 arbustes et arbres pour les 650
gares de la région Centre. Pendant la guerre, en 1940, la
serre de Fort Rouge expédia plus de 100000 annuelles à la
grandeur du district du Manitoba.
Des informations sur le jardinage et les résultats
des concours apparaissaient dans les magazines des
employés du CPR et du CNR. Dans le Canadian
National Railways Magazine, on pouvait lire des articles
tels que : Idées pour améliorer le terrain de la gare dans
l’édition d’avril 1925; Dites-le avec des fleurs, avril 1930;
200,000 plants pour embellir les gares juin 1930 et Jardins
ferroviaires dans le numéro de décembre 1941.Like the CPR, the CNR maintained a network of
greenhouses to support the gardening activities of its
employees. With only four greenhouses, the CNR had
considerably fewer than the eight operated by the CPR
during the Second World War.
The CNR also employed professionals to
oversee the gardens. Stanley Taggart, the Chief of the
Fort Rouge greenhouse in Winnipeg, had extensive
experience as a gardener and nurseryman. In 1930, his
greenhouse provided 200,000 annuals and 2,000 shrubs
and trees to 650 stations in the Central Region. In the war
year of 1940, the Fort Rouge greenhouse shipped 100,000
annuals across the Manitoba District.
The employee magazines of the CPR and CNR
provided information on gardening and the results of the
contests. The Canadian National Railways Magazine had
such articles as “Hints on Improving Station Grounds” in
the April 1925 issue, “Saying It With Flowers” in the April
1930 issue, “200,000 Plants to Beautify Station” in the
June 1930 issue, and “Railway Gardens” in its December
1941 issue.
Station gardens at
Canadian National
Railways Smithers,
British Columbia
Station. If you look
closely you can see
someone apparently
weeding the garden.
Canadian National
photo from the book CN
Western Depots by
Charles Bohi.
Aménagement paysagé
de la gare Smithers des
c h e m i n s d e f e r
nationaux du Canada,
Colombie-Britannique.
Extrait du livre CN
Western Depots, The
Country Stations in
Western Canada de
Charles Bohi, Canadian
National Photo.Hanging Out at the Station
What should be a highly appreciated thing has
just been done at the CNR Truro (Nova Scotia) station.
About 20 baskets of beautiful flowering plants from
the greenhouse at Moncton have just been hung along the projecting eaves of the station building. The
placing of them indicates good taste on the part of the
management.
Source: Halifax Herald, 1928
115CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009Gardens and landscaping at St. Clet Station on CPR’s
Winchester Subdivision as of 1923. Notice the station
name spelled out in white painted rocks. CRHA Archives,
CPR Album.
Aménagement paysager de la gare Saint-Clet du Chemin
de fer Canadien Pacifique, Québec. Remarquez le nom de
la gare écrit en pierres blanches. 1923. Archives ACHF,
album CPR.The CPR garden at Sherbrooke, Quebec (a divisional point) was
maintained by gardner Mr. R. Oates. This view dates from 1920.
CRHA Archives, CPR Album.
Vue sur le jardin de la gare Sherbrooke du Chemin de fer Canadien
Pacifique. Un jardinier, R. Oates, assure l’entretien. Vers 1920.
Archives ACHF, album CPR.
Vaudreuil, Quebec in 1923, this station served main line
trains then operating to Toronto, Ottawa and points west.
It’s elevated platform gave passengers a birds eye view of
the station garden. In later years this station has became a
major AMT commuter stop. CRHA Archives, CPR Album.
Gare de Vaudreuil au Québec en 1923. Cette gare dessert
les trains circulant sur la voie principale en direction de
Toronto, Ottawa et autres destinations vers l’ouest
canadien. Son quai surélevé permet aux voyageurs une
vue d’ensemble du jardin. Cette gare est devenue plus
tard un arrêt important du train de banlieue de l’AMT.
Archives ACHF.Overall view of the garden at CPR’s Thamesford, Ontario station in 1923.
Thamesford was located on the London Subdivision. CRHA Archives,
CPR Album.
Gros plan sur les plantes de la gare Thamesford, du Chemin de fer
Canadien Pacifique, division de London, Ontario. Ici, le jardin est en retrait
du quai. 1923. Archives ACHF, album CPR.Guelph Junction, Ontario on the CPR in 1923, the pedestrian paths
appear to lead over to the water tower. CRHA Archives, CPR
Album.
Vue sur le jardin de la gare Guelph Junction du Chemin de fer
Canadien Pacifique, Ontario. On y remarque une allée piétonnière
qui semble se rendre jusqu’au château d’eau. 1923. Archives
ACHF, album CPR.
116RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009Two opposing views of CPR’s Chapleau, Ontario station gardens. The garden consists of a mix of flowers, shrubs and trees as well
as two types of fencing. CRHA Archives, CPR Album.
Deux vues de la gare Chapleau du Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique,Ontario. Le jardin est composé d’un mélange d’arbres, de
buissons et de fleurs, avec deux types de clôture. 1923. Archives ACHF, album CPR.When I worked at the Glen Yard in Montreal,
I was a machinist in the car shop (July 1963 to
November 1964, then off to the Chief’s office). I ran
the wheel truing lathe, repaired and changed
generators, clutches and drive shafts, plus the axle
mounted drive assemblies. Served my apprenticeship
on steam & diesel and wound up working on passenger
cars.Our windows looked out on the plant nursery
where flowers were grown for the railway gardens.
They would throw out plant clippings and I would
retrieve them. I had the carpenters build us flower
boxes to mount along our windows inside the shop.
After a while we had quite a collection of plant life. An
Italian co-worker asked to have a box to grow
tomatoes!
David Ames
L’engouement pour les jardins de gare s’estompa
à partir des années 1950 lorsque l’automobile et l’avion
remplacèrent le train pour le transport des voyageurs.
L’Ouest était maintenant bien développé il n’était plus
nécessaire de promouvoir la fertilité des terres. Le
transport par train et le chemin de fer en général était en
déclin. Face à la forte compétition des autoroutes et des
transporteurs aériens, les chemins de fer ne pouvaient
plus se permettre le luxe de projets d’embellissement.
Les aires de stationnement remplacèrent les
espaces de jardin. Néanmoins, les jardins de gare
laissèrent un héritage dans plusieurs communautés. En
effet, les activités de jardinage ferroviaire furent à
l’origine de la création de sociétés d’horticulture dans
une multitude de villes et villages.
On assiste depuis quelque temps à un retour, à
plus petite échelle, de l’engouement pour les jardins
ferroviaires. Cette fois-ci, les municipalités, les
gouvernements et les sociétés horticoles s’accaparent le
rôle joué autrefois par les entreprises ferroviaires et leurs
employés. La gare Via de Brockville, l’une des premières
à avoir eu un jardin, illustre bien ce retour au passé. Des
plantations et des plates-bandes y sont maintenant
entretenues par la société horticole locale. Comme à
l’époque, les buissons et la floraison du jardin projettent
une image attrayante de la communauté.The infatuation with station gardens began to
fade in the 1950’s when automobiles and airplanes
replaced train travel. The West was now settled and
promoting fertile land was no longer a priority. Passenger
travel by train was falling off and the railways. Faced with
strong competition from highway and air carriers, the
railways could no longer could afford the luxury of civic
beautification projects.
The gardens were replaced by parking lots!
However, the station garden movement left a legacy in
many communities. An unexpected outcome of the
railway garden movement was the boost the activity gave
to the creation of horticulture societies in many towns and
villages.
The railway garden has enjoyed a small scale
revival in recent years. Municipal governments and local
horticultural societies have taken on the role once played
by the railway and its workers. Reflecting how history can
at times repeat itself, Brockville – the location of one of
the earliest railway gardens in the country – once again
has an attractive flower bed and planters at the VIA’s
station maintained by the local horticultural society. As
was the case with the first garden, the well-tended blooms
and shrubs project a positive image of the community.
117CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009The Exporail Station garden
Early spring of 2004 and the pressure was on.
Exporail had but two and one half months to go before
opening. As the deadlines loomed over staff and
volunteers, it seemed that more and more tasks and
activities got added to the pile. Offers of help from any
quarter were gladly accepted. When my mom phoned
amidst this brouhaha, little did she know that her offer
to help, which I think was supposed to be with my kids,
their homework and daycare, was interpreted as a
contribution to Exporail.
And what a project did I have in mind for her:
Montmusée museum directors had decided that their
Montérégie institutions were to come up with exhibits
relating to the area being the province’s market
garden. The creation of station gardens was THE
obvious answer for Exporail. Armed with Canadian
Pacific Railway Staff Bulletins and a few sketches,
Ruby Robinson started compiling statistics on varieties
of shrubs, annuals, perennials and layouts of gardens
across the CPR system.
The results were extremely interesting and
sometimes surprising. Gardens could be found
throughout the system, including a spectacular one in
the gritty and grimy confines of Montreal’s Sortin yard.
Sunflowers, lilacs, snapdragons, caraganas were but a
few of the amazing variety of plants inventoried. It was
interesting to compare photos and descriptions of the
period with the railway landscape of today: the lilac
trees lining Belvedere St. at the CPR terrace in
Sherbrooke; the mystery of why there are three spruce
trees next to the station in Cookshire…Armed with this information, the long and
arduous task of converting a section of grass and a
rocky vacant area next to Exporail’s Barrington station
began. Ruby travelled to Exporail from Sherbrooke
once a week, with fellow electrical volunteers Jim
Innes and Stuart Robinson. This veritable army of one
converted a barren area into a colourful oasis of a
massive flowerbed and a vegetable patch. This was
accomplished in time for the CPR 2816 excursion to
Exporail in June of 2004.
Over the last 5 years, the gardens have
provided not only a much needed bit of colour to the
site, wonderful cut flowers, cabbage, onions, juicy
tomatoes but with the sole help of docents, an
important interpretation tool that provides the visitor
an insight to the vast and multifaceted world of
railways. With the development of Exporail’s Phase B
Interpretation Concept, the much needed installation
of interpretation panels should further re-enforce the
importance of railway gardens in Canadian history.
The success of the station gardens depends on
the invaluable contributions of our volunteers and
staff. Exporail is indebted to Ruby Robinson, Stuart
Robinson, Jim Innes, Louise Bégin-Cooper, Barbara
Hewitt, Johanne Richard, Judy Keenan, Priscilla
Noonan, Lucie Vallerand, Gilles Bouthillier, Charles
DeJean, Jacques St-Gelais, Marie-Claude Reid,
Claude Chrétien, Jack Eby, Robbie Robinson, André
and Louise Desroches, and the Tramway Motormen.
Kevin Robinson
Références :
F.J.Curtis, G.A.B. Krook, et B.M. Winegar,.“Canadian
Pacific Station Gardens”, Canadian Pacific Passenger
Bulletin, Chemin du fer Canadien Pacifique, 1er mars
1925.
Deschênes, Gaétan. Histoire de l’horticulture au
Québec, Montréal, Trécarré, 1996.
Von Baeyer, Edwinna. Rhetoric and Roses – A History of
Canadian Gardening, 1900-1930, Toronto, Fitzhenry and
Whiteside, 1984.
Von Baeyer, Edwinna. “The Rise and Fall of the
Manitoba Railway Garden”, Manitoba Historical
Society, printemps 1996.References :
Curtis, F.J., Krook, G.A.B., and Winegar, B.M.
“Canadian Pacific Station Gardens”, Canadian Pacific
Passenger Bulletin, Canadian Pacific Railway, March 1,
1925
Deschênes, Gaétan. Histoire de l’horticulture au Québec,
Montréal, Trécarré, 1996.
Von Baeyer, Edwinna. Rhetoric and Roses – A History of
Canadian Gardening, 1900-1930, Toronto, Fitzhenry and
Whiteside, 1984
Von Baeyer, Edwinna. “The Rise and Fall of the
Manitoba Railway Garden”, Manitoba Historical
Society, Spring 1996
118RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009
May – June, 2009
BUSINESS CARBy John Godfrey
Edited by David GawleyHERITAGE
Association of Railway Museums Annual
Conference to be held in Squamish, B.C.
The Association of Railway Museums (ARM)
will hold its 2009 Annual Fall Conference at the West
Coast Railway Heritage Park in Squamish, British
Columbia from September 16 to 20, 2009. ARM is an
advocacy organization for North American Railroad
Museums; both Exporail and West Coast Railway Association are members as well as several other
Canadian railway museums.
The conference theme for 2009 ‘changing
scenes’ will look at how the WCRA museum has
developed over the past ten years. It will explore tracks of
Planning, Marketing and Fundraising, Restoration /
Operations, Technical, Visitor and Guest Services /
Education. Included will be the development of some
creative new ‘businesses’ to support the museum
including equipment leasing, contract maintenance,
railway conductor training and more.
Unique will be the conference base, which will be
the museum’s own facilities including the classrooms in
the shops complex for seminars and the new CN
Roundhouse and Conference Centre for functions and
banquets as well as vendor exhibits. Shuttle buses will
connect the museum with the hotels throughout the
conference dates.
Interesting pre-conference tours will be held on
Wednesday, September 16. The official program gets
underway at 16:30 on Wednesday and runs through to
10:30 on Sunday, September 20. An optional post-
conference tour is available in Vancouver on Sunday
afternoon. The full conference schedule will be available
on WCRA’s website www.wcra.org; click on the ARM
2009 tab.
One of the highlights of the trip will be a 2860
Royal Hudson hauled steam excursion from Squamish to
thVancouver and return on Saturday, September 19 .WCRA’s 2860 ‘return to
steam’ excursion on April 15,
2007. Photo taken at mile
146.9 CN New Westminster
Subdivision in Burnaby, BC.
Ian Smith.
La Royal Hudson 2860 est en
tête du train d’excursion de la
WCRA sur la subdivision New
Westminster du CN à Burnaby
C.B. le 15 avril 2007. Photo Ian
Smith.
119CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009
CRHA Members conference rate is $275 if
booked by July 15, $300 thereafter. Prices are the
same for both Canada and the USA but
Canadians pay in Canadian dollars.
Special convention rates have been negotiated at
the Garibaldi Springs Resort (1-877-815-0048)
and Mountain Retreat Hotel and Suites (1-866-
686-7387); mention ARM 2009 conference.
Canadian members should register through:
West Coast Railway Association – ARM 2009
P.O. Box 2790 Stn. Terminal
Vancouver, BC
V6B 3X2
By mail, or phone 1-800-722-1233
USA members should register through:
Association of Railway Museums
1016 Rosser Street
Conyers, GA
30012
By mail or phone 770-278-0088
Any member interested in railway
museum focus and operation is invited to attend.
The 2012 conference of ARM is scheduled to be
held in Montreal including activities at Exporail.
Former British Columbia Electric
Chilliwack car repatriated back to Canada
The Seashore Trolley Museum in
Kennebunkport Maine has concluded a deal to
transfer ownership of former British Columbia
Electric Railway ‘Chilliwack car’ 1304 to the
Fraser Valley Heritage Railway Association. The
1304 was built by the BCER in June 1911 as one
of three cars (1303, 1304, 1305) for service on the
Fraser Valley Interurban Division. Fifteen
months later, car 1304 was refitted as the Royal
Car Connaught. It hosted their Royal
Highnesses the Duke and Duchess Connaught
and their daughter the Princess Patricia on their
official visit to Canada. The Duke was Canada’s
Governor General at the time.
After the visit, the car was modified
back to standard passenger configuration. The
car was completely destroyed by fire while in
service in 1945; fortunately it was empty at the
time and nobody was injured. The BCER
immediately set about to rebuild the car and it
remained in service until 1950 when electric
passenger service on the Fraser Valley Division
of the BCER was terminated.The 1304 being loaded in Oregon and safely tucked away with sister
1225 in the FVHR car barn at Sullivan, B.C. Both photos Bob Ashton.
Le 1304 a été détruit dans un incendie en 1945 et il a été reconstruit par la
suite. Il est maintenant le tramway le plus moderne de la flotte. Il dev
int
l’un des deux derniers wagons à circuler sur la ligne Central Park
jusqu’au moment de la fermeture de cette voie en 1955. Sur la première
photo, le tramway 1304 est chargé sur une plate-forme en Oregon. Sur
l’autre photo, il est bien installé en compagnie du 1225 dans la remise
du FVHR à Sullivan, Colombie-Britannique. Bob Ashton.
120RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009
The car, one of the newest on the system after the
rebuilding (subsequent to the 1945 fire), was then
assigned to the Central Park line after having its toilets
removed. It was one car in the two car train that closed
down electric service on the Central Park line in 1955 and
was subsequently acquired by Seashore. It was moved to
Trolley Park in Glenwood, Oregon, a project of the
Oregon Electric Railway Historical Association. Title to
the car remained with Seashore.
On April 25, 2009 car 1304 was moved from
Glenwood, Oregon to the Sullivan Station car barn of the
Fraser Valley Heritage Railway located on the former
right of way of the BCER near Sullivan, B.C. The FVHS
already has car 1225 under restoration and has plans to
operate heritage trolley service on several miles of the
former BCER in the Lower Mainland.
The complete story of car 1304 will appear in a
future issue of Canadian Rail. (CR Ed.)
Redevelopment project for CN’S Pointe-Saint-
Charles Shops in Montreal
In a recent news release, the Office de
consultation publique de Montreal (OCPM) announced
the publication of its report on the redevelopment project
for the old CN shops located in the Pointe-Saint Charles
area of Montreals Sud-Ouest borough. The site of the old
CN shops covers almost a quarter of the Pointe-Saint-
Charles area south of the Lachine Canal.
The project envisioned by the Groupe Mach, the
owner, would create, in the southern portion of the site, a
new residential area involving approximately 1000 new
affordable housing units of which up to 25% would be
social and community housing. For the central portion of
the site, Groupe Mach is seeking a zoning change
allowing it to accommodate new industries and
businesses. At the time of the consultation, the entire
northern section was earmarked as a Quebec government
land reserve for the future Agence métropolitaine de
transport (AMT) site. That section would therefore
remain a railway industrial area in future.
While the report benefited has benefited from
consultation with the parties involved, the
OCPM president realizes that some concerns
remain, and are highlighted in the commissions report.
The coherent layout of the industrial zone and its
proximity to the residential area constitute a challenge.
Everything wasnt so rosy in that respect back in the days
of the CN either. The prospect of recreating an industrial
railway hub with related enterprises is interesting, so long
as a healthy coexistence can be established with the
neighbouring residential area, says OCPM president
Louise Roy. The commission therefore recommends that
the borough proceed carefully to avoid the establishment
of companies difficult to insert into the transition zone
between the two areas. According to Roy, access to the site is also a
major consideration in planning the revitalization, given
the effect that the location of entrances will have on local
traffic and on the operations of companies setting up in
the industrial zone. The commission
believes it imperative that the borough
implement all measures required to eliminate heavy
traffic from residential streets. It is necessary that
adequate public transport be provided for the area.
Another concern is industrial heritage protection.
All documentation pertaining to the
consultation, including the report, is available in
electronic format on the site of the Office de consultation
publique de Montreal (www.ocpm.qc.ca). (Marketwire)
Kettle Valley Railway anticipates a busy summer for
their steam train
Summerlands Kettle Valley Steam Railway is
confident that its history of success, its upgraded and
expanded facilities, and altered fee structure will carry it
through the current economic downturn. This year we
are celebrating 15 years of preservation and operation,
said GM Ron Restrick. Last year a record high of 26,000
passengers enjoyed the 90-minute ride with scenic vistas
of orchards and vineyards and spectacular views of the
lake and Trout Creek Canyon from the historic trestle
bridge. We are the number one non-profit tourist
attraction in the Okanagan, Restrick said. Some
passengers come for the scenery, others for the history
and still others out of nostalgia. A restored 1912 steam
locomotive, the 3716, pulls vintage coaches and open air
cars filled with passengers along the only remaining
section of the Kettle Valley Railway built between 1910
and 1915. Restrick is hoping to attract more riders during
the shoulder seasons of May 16 to June 30 and September
1 to October 31.
Calgarys Heritage Park reliving autos role in
history with major expansion
Calgarys Heritage Parks long-awaited
expansion is open to the public, a $65-million town square
featuring interactive galleries, shops and a restaurant
aiming to bring back western Canadian history with a
hands-on flair. Visitors are invited to check out the
expansions marquee feature, a new Gasoline Alley
museum boasting 15 galleries over 75,000 square feet, 30
vintage cars from the 1920s and 30s, 37 vehicles defining
more recent decades and one of the countrys foremost
antique air pump collections. A 1929 service station will
be a cornerstone of the museum, including tow trucks and
a disassembled Model T Ford that can be manipulated by
visitors wanting to see how the pistons work.
121CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009As well, the Big Rock Interpretive Brewery will
open as a self-guided tour inside the museum, with a
capability of brewing up to 50 litres of beer, telling the story
of what makes Alberta famous for its brew. And the new
Selkirk Grille, a mission-style 1920s restaurant, will front
the museum, serving lunch and dinner. The $8M Haskayne
Mercantile Block has been open since mid-November,
housing five vintage boutiques including a bakery, antique
shop and portrait studio. And the final leg of the
expansion, the Canadian Pacific Railway Station, will open
thMay 16 , along with the existing historical village on the
Glenmore Reservoir. The station is modelled after
downtown Calgarys original Palliser Station, built in 1893.
It will include a self-directed orientation program in a
waiting room for visitors awaiting the new relocated trolley
to take them into the main village. (Calgary Herald) Historic streetcars take part in Toronto Beaches
Easter Day Parade
No this isn’t a farewell parade to streetcars, it’s
the Easter day Parade held in the Beaches area of
Toronto. The TTC has participated in the Beaches Easter
Parade for years now. Typically the small Peter Witt,
restored PCC 4500, and a CLRV are used on the parade
route. The route travels from Neville Loop, westward
towards Woodbine Avenue. This event is very well
attended with the cars being excellent public relations
ambassadors for the TTC.
Leading was A-8 class PCC No. 4500 the first of
50 in the class purchased new from Canadian Car and
Foundry in 1951. Following was TTC preserved small
Peter Witt No. 2766, one of a class of 50 cars built by Can-
Car in 1922. Final car in the parade was CLRV 4001.Historic steam train headed up by 2024 an
0-6-0 Lima product built for the US Army in
1944. It came to Heritage Park via Pacific
Coast Terminals where it carried number
4076. The train carries visitors around the
Heritage Park site in Calgary. Both photos
courtesy Heritage Park.
Ce train est composé de wagons d’époque
avec en tête la locomotive à vapeur 2024,
une 0-6-0 qui fut construite en 1944 pour les
forces armées américaines. Cette
locomotive fut par la suite la propriété du
Pacific Coast Terminal qui la désigna sous le
numéro 4076 et a finalement abouti au parc
patrimonial où elle tracte un train qui
transporte les visiteurs du site. Photo fournie
par le Parc Patrimonial de Calgary.Overall view of ‘gasoline
Alley’, the newest exhibit
at Calgary’s Heritage
Park.
L a p l u s r é c e n t e
exposition du Parc
Patrimonial de Calgary.
122RAIL CANADIEN • 530MAI – JUIN 2009
The Ontario Electric Railroad Historical
Association (Halton County Trolley Museum) supports
operation of 2766 in working with TTC mechanics and
overseeing maintenance and repair of the car. They also
assist in supplying parts for the Witt and PCC car. (Gord
McOuat OERHA)
Vintage Locomotive Society’s No. 3 under steam
The Vintage Locomotive Society’s No. 3, an 1882
Dubs 4-4-0 built in Scotland is back in steam after a major
multi-year rebuild including a new boiler. The locomotive
runs at 160 psi but was tested to 180 psi (steam) on April
15, 2009. The locomotive will be back in service on the
Prairie Dog Central in Winnipeg, Manitoba for the 2009
season. The complete story of the restoration of No. 3 will
be presented in the July – August issue of Canadian Rail.Photos David Barrett
Operation of Wakefield steam train resumes
After a service interruption caused by a major
landslide, service on the Wakefield steam train will
resume in May 2009, see their website
(www.steamtrain.ca or call 1-800-871-7246) for schedule
details. The rolling stock includes a 2-8-0 No. 909 from
Sweden built in 1907, a 78 ton Swedish diesel and
accompanying coaches. Tour options include a ‘Sunset
Dinner Train’, Friday and Saturday evenings, June to
September. The station is located at 165 Devault Street in
Hull. (Ed.)
Erratum
GO Photo Credit
We apologize to Daniel Dell’Unto for the photo
credit error on his great GO photos which appeared in
Stan’s Photo Gallery last issue.
We accidently tagged him as
Daniel O’Dell, and it wasn’t
even St. Patrick’s day!
Translation credit
We also accidently
omitted crediting Denis
Vallieres with translating the
tribute to Anthony Clegg in
the January – February issue.
Michel and Anne-Marie
Lortie as well as Denis
Vallieres are going to great
lengths to translate at least
part of Canadian Rail for our
Francophone members.
Regarding Budd Cars
David Gawley points
out that on page 5 of the
January – February issue
123CANADIAN RAIL • 530MAY – JUNE 2009
Stephen Wray states that VIA’s RDC’s (Sudbury and
Vancouver Island service) are the last RDC’s in regular
service on the continent. In fact Trinity Rail Express in
Dallas, Texas are still operating some RDC’s in limited
service. The backbone of the Dallas – Fort Worth service
is provided by new Bombardier built double deckers, but
the RDC’s still fill in where necessary.
Regarding Canada Line
Ian Smith points out that on page 39 of the
January – February issue (Business Car), it erroneously
states that Canada Line Rapid Transit Inc. will operate
the Canada Line.
In fact, CLRT is a subsidiary of TransLink (South
Coast BC Transportation Authority) that represents all
the public bodies (including BC and the feds) that are
contributing funds to the project. It is the counterparty to
the contract with the private sector partner in this
project.
Once the line starts operating, CLRTs main role
will be to manage the contract and make up any shortfall
in revenue incurred by the private operator if ridership is
below 100,000 per weekday.
The line will actually be operated by ProTrans
BC Operations Ltd., a subsidiary of SNC-Lavalin, which
is the active partner in the private sector consortium that
holds the design-build-maintain-operate contract issued
by CLRT on behalf of the various public funding agencies.
The two other parties in the consortium are the B.C. and
Quebec public sector pension fund management entities,
with SNC-Lavalin playing the active role in the project and the other two being financiers (the consortium is
putting up more than $700 million, the largest single share
of the total $2 billion costs).
The consortium holds the operating rights to the
Canada Line until 2040. At that point, the line will
become the property of CLRT and it could choose to
operate the line directly or issue a new contract for
operations and maintenance.
The Progressive Railroading item is also off-base
in saying that Canadian transportation officials were the
first riders on that VIP train, which came after many
previous trial runs. In fact, the principal passengers were
the B.C. premier and transportation minister and a B.C.
minister in the federal government, along with the media.
There were obviously some transport professionals
involved, but the trip was a political/PR event. (The item
was credited to Progressive Railroading on-line).
Thanks to our readers for pointing these
corrections out.
Regarding Torontos Union Station

Ron D. Cooper writes In issue 529 of Canadian
Rail, mention is made of revamping the control system at
the Toronto Union Station. The original signal system
now coming out was designed to handle the 1500 volt DC
trolley power of the Toronto Suburban and the Toronto
Eastern Railways when they reached Union Station. Its a
great shame that they never got there.
That tapered roof line on the GO Transit double
deck coaches was to accommodate the mounting of a
pantograph if the system was ever electrified.
BACK COVER TOP: Not to be outdone, the Grand Trunk Railway also took their gardens seriously as indicated in this 1903 view of
the station gardens at Hamilton, Ontario. Note the shrub border and station name spelled out with white rocks. Post card, the
Valentine & Sons Publishing Company 100841, CRHA Archives.
PAGE COUVERTURE ARRIÈRE, HAUT : Le jardin de la gare du Grand Tronc à Hamilton, Ontario, vers 1903. Un jardin très bien
aménagé avec ses haies d’arbustes et le nom de la ville écrit avec des pierres blanches. Carte postale : The Valentine & Sons
Publishing Co. Archives SCHF 100841.
BACK COVER CENTRE: CPR Stations and gardens, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. Post card, Lewis Rice, Illustrator and Publisher,
Moose Jaw, Canada. (1C Canada and United States, 2C Foreign), Douglas N. W. Smith Collection.
PAGE COUVERTURE ARRIÈRE, CENTRE : La gare de Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan et son jardin, carte postale par Lewis Rice,
illustrateur et éditeur a Moose Jaw, Canada (Tarif 1C au Canada et États Unis, 2C a l’étranger) Collection Douglas N. W. Smith.
BACK COVER BOTTOM: A view of the gardens at CPR’s Calgary Station and Palliser Hotel around 1915. Post card, Glenbow
Archives PA-3689-125
PAGE COUVERTURE ARRIÈRE, BAS : Vers 1915, les jardins de la gare du CP de Calgary, Alberta, et de l’hôtel Palliser, son voisin.
Carte postale : Archives Glenbow PA-3689-125.

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